TRANSPORT. SAFETY AND ECOLOGY. LOGISTICS AND MANAGEMENT
Increases in road traffic lead to the expansion of areas of the acoustic discomfort, and the noises from vehicles acquire social importance. The noise as a set of sounds is characterized qualitatively and quantitatively by two main indicators: the sound pressure or intensity level, which have different effect on the human body. In addition, in terms of the effect on the human body, the prefence is given to the noise equivavlent level. The study of the noise equivalent level can be carried out in two ways. The first one consists in fact that at a given moment of time, at any point in space, there are summarized the noise level or sound energy intensity from all radiation sources, but another way implies summarizing the selected sound energy sources during a certain time period. So, in order to determine the noise equivalent level of one vehicle during that time period, which is required for passing a certain section, it is necessary to know those laws, which characterize traffic conditions and the calculated changes of the noise level in these conditions.