Nanoporous activated carbons were prepared by hydropyrolysis processing from various biomass precursors – apricot stones, been pods, bamboo, etc. The obtained carbon adsorbents are distinguished with moderately high surface area and prevailing microporous structure. Their properties determine their application as effective adsorbents for removal of organic (phenols, etc.) and inorganic pollutants (metal ions, etc.).
Author: Dimitrov M.
NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL SECURITY
GEOENERGETIC ASPECTS OF THE TERRITORIAL DISPUTE BETWEEN THE REPUBLIC OF SLOVENIA AND THE REPUBLIC OF CROATIA
The report analyzes the territorial dispute between the Republic of Slovenia and the Republic of Croatia in the context of the development of the main energy projects in Eastern Europe. An emphasis is placed on the Final Award of the Permanent Court of Arbitration regarding the maritime border between the two countries in the Piran Bay and especially on the decision for establishment of a "Junction Area", allowing physical connection between the territorial sea of Slovenia with international waters, through the territorial sea of Croatia and the influence of this decision on the opportunities for implementation of energy projects in the region. Additionally, the importance of the North-South Gas Corridor is presented as well as how it relates to the Baltic Pipe project and the Southern Gas Corridor. The report highlights the competition between some of the energy projects in the region. As a result, it is revealed that behind the territorial dispute between Slovenia and Croatia, falsely perceived as an insignificant, lay the confronting interests of USA, Germany and the Russian Federation, further transferred to the regional level, including through the interests of powerful energy corporations as ExxonMobil, Gazprom and OMV, turning the local dispute into a geopolitical vortex.
THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS OF SECURITY
The research offers a simple matrix model of analysis for ranking risk levels in critical and emergency situations. The leading principles, which should be taken into consideration can be arranged in a group of steps, for example the qualification and grading of imminent danger and the level of endangerment of key assets, determining of the processes which can lead to harm and also the value of the structures susceptible to damage and the damage itself.