Engine “breath” air through the intake ports. It is important part of every engine which has influence to the final characteristic. In this article is shown from where the design of intake port result. Article shows books theory with compare to 1D CFD analysis.
Author: Tkaczyk M.
ONE AND THREE-DIMENSIONAL MODELLING FOR PROCES OF CHARGE EXCHANGE IN RECIPROCATING COMBSUTION ENGINE
This paper presents modeling and simulations of an engine. The proper geometry of a bellmouth is examined by using one and three-dimensional modelling and flow simulations.
A COMPARISON OF FUEL CONSUMPTION BETWEEN THE NEW EUROPEAN DRIVING CYCLE TEST AND THE NATURAL OPERATION OF A VEHICLE
There are many changes in the automotive industry which leads to improved to safety and reduce fuel consumption. A new design of vehicles are being modernized, reducing aerodynamic resistances and the weight of vehicle units. However it is forgotten about the same time changing and updating the fuel consumption’s tests. The cars are tested with New European Driving Cycle test which based on directive 91/441/EEC (26 June 1991). It’s been 23 years. NEDC was developed at a time when European vehicles were lighter and less powerful. The test offers a stylized pattern for low speed acceleration (a = 0.89 m / s), speed, ride at idle, but temporary increase is much steeper and more dynamic in practice, in part due to the excess capacity of modern engines.
This paper presents a comparison of fuel combustion Polish users registered on the famous automotive’s forum between factory data vehicles selected. As a result, it is hard for drivers to reach the certified values in practice.
The new version of the driving cycle should be more realistic to the everyday use of additional equipment and gadgets that are installed in modern vehicles.
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE BODY VIBRATIONS OF NEW CARS EQUIPPED WITH THREE DIFFRENT TYPE OF ENGINES
The paper presents the results of comparisons tests carried out on one model (Fiat Bravo model 198 produced in 2010) of new cars equipped with three types of engine: Version 54A with the 1.4BZ 90CV CD spark-ignition engine, Version 54G with the 1.4BZ 120CV CD spark-ignition engine equipped with a supercharging system and Version 54W with the 1,6D 105CV diesel engine. The car body vibrations experimentally determined in several specific repeatable points, i.e. behind the front side indicator and behind the passenger handle, were compared. A PSV-400 laser Doppler vibrometer made by Polytec was used to measure vibration velocities. The vibrometer directly measures two quantities: displacement and velocity. In the investigated case, vibration velocity turned out to be the variable supplying better diagnostic information. Vibrations were measured for the car standing on its wheels and for the car jacked up to reduce the influence of the car vibration damping systems on the measurement results. The latter are presented in the form of comparative diagrams. Moreover, the fast Fourier transform was used to determine the frequency distribution. Prior to that the signal was subjected to conditioning operations in time domain, such as parametric windowing and filtering. On the basis of the results the effect of the drive unit on the behaviour of the car body can be assessed for different engine types and rotational speeds. It is shown that the way in which the engine is mounted affects the vibrations of the car.