Table of Contents

  • NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL SECURITY

    • APPLICATION OF THE MODEL OF USE OF FORCE IN THE PROCESS OF DETAINING PERSONS

      pg(s) 11-14

      Performance of police work includes everyday contact with citizens. The majority of those contacts are peaceful, but, unfortunately there are contacts that are not peaceful and result into dissatisfaction which later is manifested in verbal, physical or armed resistance by the citizens. The fact that the police is involved in everyday contact with the citizens should reduce the possibility of inadequate behavior of the police officers, which is important for effective performance of their professional duties, in compliance with the laws. This means that the process of detaining persons should be performed in a serious manner with the application of all security measures which are in accordance with the given situation. In practice, the police mainly detain persons in cases when they collaborate, give passive or active resistance or when they perform armed or non-armed attack. In order for the police to reasonably assess the situation and react in the process of detaining persons the model of use of force is used. The theory of the application of this model is based on the principle of “control” and it offers directions for adequate and proportionate response of the police in the use of force.

    • RADIATION BACKGROUND OF THE ATMOSPHERE, SOIL AND WATER IN BULGARIA AND ITS MONITORING IN THE CONTEMPORARY POLITICAL CONDITIONS

      pg(s) 17-20

      After the Second World War sharply increased testing of nuclear weapons. In making nuclear blast separate radioactive particles and rays isotopes that have an impact on man and nature. Despite the ban still the world are carried out illegal nuclear tests.Observations on the state of the radiation background in Bulgaria are carried out in parallel in two ways. In view of the uncertain international situation it is necessary to strictly observe radiation protection measures and strengthen control.

  • INFORMATION SECURITY

    • THE MOTIVATION OF HIGH SCHOOL TEACHERS IN THE FORMATION OF THEIR OWN COMPETENCIES IN THE FIELD OF INFORMATION SECURITY

      pg(s) 21-22

      The article describes the problem of involving high school teachers in establishing the national information security by applying their own competencies in the field of information security and protection in the educational process, the demonstration of their trainees and active implementation in their own professional activities. Tasks of the personal and proprietary information protection often not resolved, which is a potential threat to the learning process, research activities of the University, and can be used cyber criminals for cyber extremist or terrorist crimes. The teaching staff motivation is a cornerstone in forming the own competencies in the field of information security process. The traditional leadership approach to formation procedure of information security in this case is insufficient, as the teacher is a leader of a new person preparation, ready to operate successfully in an information society.

  • TECHNICAL FACILITIES FOR ENSURING SECURITY

    • HYBRID FIBER-OPTIC/NANOFIBER DETECTION PRINCIPLE FOR SECURITY APPLICATIONS

      pg(s) 23-26

      In this paper, a novel patent-pending approach based on optical detection will be described. Various functionalized nanofiber materials have been used to demonstrate feasibility of realization of miniature sensors of biomedical and chemical values (enzymes reactions, metal ions content, etc.). Compactness and sensitivity of the sensors are significantly enhanced through original hybrid fiber-optic/nanofiber design. The potential of the new detection principle for security applications (forensic, seal intrusion, etc.) will be discussed.

    • CAPABILITIES OF NON-LETHAL HAND GRENADES DEVELOPED AT IMSETHAC-BAS

      pg(s) 27-29

      The capabilities of a non-lethal weapon (NLW) are its potential to successfully execute certain operational task. Non-lethal hand grenades are amongst the most used means for influence on people in any kind of missions and various operational contexts. This paper presents results of studies on the capabilities of seven types of hand grenades with different effects or combinations of effects developed and produced at the Institute of Metal Science, Equipment and Technologies (IMSETHAC-BAS). The capabilities assessment covers 14 operational tasks in which non-lethal grenades could be applied. Obtained results are compared to capabilities of highest evaluated current/programmed NLWs of leading NATO countries producers.

  • THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS OF SECURITY

    • CRISIS MANAGEMENT AS AN ACADEMIC DISCIPLINE

      pg(s) 3-6

      Crisis management is rather old managerial practice, but the very term is rather new. In last decades of XX century in a number of European countries Crisis management has become recognized as an academic discipline and education and research field. Although it is included in the curriculum of number of faculties, it is not understand in the same way. There is confusion in terminology, methods, concepts and approaches. What is also confusing is the fact that the discipline of Crisis management is most developed in rich and politically stable countries like Sweden and Netherland, while it is still in the rudimentary phase in countries that have faced serious crisis situations in recent past, like ex Yugoslav countries countries. However situation in this field is rapidly changing in the Western Balkans and the conditions for dynamic development of crisis management as an academic discipline emerged, which might contribute to improvement of managerial practice both in profit and public sector.

  • TECHNICAL FACILITIES FOR ENSURING SECURITY

    • CRITERIA FOR EVALUATING THE CAPABILITIES OF GROUPS OF SIMILAR NON-LETHAL WEAPONS

      pg(s) 30-33

      Investigation and assessment of non-lethal weapons (NLWs) require development of specific methods and tools different than those applied to conventional weapons, due to reversibility and limited duration of the NLWs’ effects. The capabilities evaluation aims to establish to what extent the NLWs are able to meet the requirements of an operational task. The paper describes the criteria currently applied for assessing the NLWs capabilities and proposes an approach based on selection of criteria and variation of their relative weights depending on studied NLWs and operational tasks specific. The application of this approach is illustrated by a comparative evaluation of a group of non-lethal hand grenades with different effects.

    • ANALYSIS OF THE USE OF RADIOACTIVE SUBSTANCES FOR THE CREATION OF POLLUTION, THEIR DETECTION AND HOW THEY CAN BE SIMULATED

      pg(s) 34-37

      An analysis of the main radiological warfare agents and of the different types of detectors for them is performed. The basic principles of the most common detection methods are described. The aim of the study is to outline the main challenges in this field. The possibility for applications of the Surface photo-charge effect in the field of detection of radiological warfare agents is discussed. An emphasis is put on the simulation of the radioactive substances during the performing of experiments.

    • AEROSOL GENERATION DEVICES SUITABLE FOR SIMULATING FOGS IN LABORATORY CONDITIONS

      pg(s) 38-41

      The current work is related to development of sensors for contamination detection, and systems, which use fog as a cleaning agent, in order to prevent disasters and accidents, and to help acting against terrorist attacks and weapons of mass destruction. Investigations in laboratory conditions of several types of mist generators are presented. For this purpose, various products, which create aerosols, were researched. The diameter distributions of the droplets, produced by them, were experimentally determined. For development purposes, several simple devices for easy fog generation are chosen. This study is related to the development of sensors for fog with different characteristics. The obtained results allow a proper selection of sprayers to be made, so that the necessary conditions for the development of sensors are ensured.

  • THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS OF SECURITY