Table of Contents

  • INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS

    • RESEARCH OF THE NEW GENERATION CНISEL PLOW

      pg(s) 103-106

      The article presents the chisel plow of the new generation developed on the basis of the systematic approach and adaptability of technological impacts from soil-climatic and agro landscape conditions. The principle of the use of the alternating movement of working elements for the destruction of the layer in the so-called lines of the least connections was built into the basis of the chisel plow construction. The chisel plow is multipurpose: it performs the present technological process of soil processing of fields on different depth and spaces between rows of perennial plants on the depth which is differentially changed distancing from the bole due to the architectonics of the root system disposition. Working elements of the chisel plow contain the fastened clutches on hinges, the angle of the mounting is determined by the action of soil resistance forces but the destruction of the layer is executed by differently directed deformations. Researches showed that the chisel plow qualitatively fulfills the present technological process and corresponds to agro-technical demands. The amount of agronomically valuable aggregates increases in the arable layer under the processing of soil by the chisel plow. The chisel plow is fairly aggregated with the Т-150K according to energetic indexes. The decrease in traction resistance (by 12.27%) and specific energy consumption (1.14%) when using the working elements with self-centered clutches have been observed. There was set the reasonability of the application of the type without clutches at the deeper tillage, and it is necessary to use the chisel plow with self-centered clutches under the soil treatment on small and medium depth. To treat soil in arid conditions there was developed the construction of the combined chisel plow presenting the combination of the chisel plow with a roller. The comparative analysis of technological process indexes testifies increasing the quality under function of the chisel plow with a roller and unimportant increase of power inputs in normal ranges. According to the acceptance tests on the SouthCaucasian MIS chisel plow is recommended to the application in agricultural production.

  • THEORETICAL PROBLEMS IN INNOVATIONS

    • CORRELATION BETWEEN KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT AND STANDARD ISO 9001

      pg(s) 52-56

      Standard ISO 9001: 2015 brings some novelties which caused changes in the work of already certified organizations. Except of changes in terminology and structure of the standard, there has been a substantial change which opens up the possibility for the realization of effective quality management system. One such change is the introduction of the new standard’s requirement “7.1.6 Knowledge”, which emphasizes the obligation of establishing, maintaining and updating the knowledge of the organization.

      Knowledge has become the main driving force in society and a major success factor. Knowledge of individuals integrated into a particular entity or organization, represents the highest value and intellectual capital of the organization. Since the knowledge is the main factor of organization’s success, it is necessary to adequately organize knowledge management in order to provide sustainable development of the organization. Knowledge management is a broad multidisciplinary and complex field that is constantly evolving and represents an essential driver of innovation in organizations.

      In contrast of previous version of the standard, ISO 9001: 2015 has more requirements focused on providing knowledge and information, through which can be made the integration of knowledge management. Thus, the paper is focused on research of correlation between standards ISO 9001: 2015 and knowledge management. Accordingly, the paper gives an overview of identified techniques and ethods of knowledge management and analysis of their correlation with the requirements of ISO 9001 standard.

  • INNOVATION POLICY AND INNOVATION MANAGEMENT

    • INNOVATION POLICIES OF POLISH INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES BASED ON INNOVATION CUBE MODEL. RESEARCH RESULTS

      pg(s) 64-70

      Many theoretical concepts of studying innovation strategies concentrate on selected aspects and determinants of this phenomenon and dissemble cohesive and wider perspective. In result there is lack of comprehensive researches concerning innovation policies, especially covering long term, repetitive studies based on the same methodology. The main purpose of this article is to assess innovation strategies applied in Polish medium and large industrial enterprises based on three dimensional innovation activity model – innovation cube. Those dimensions are: place of creating, continuity of activity and way of innovation utilization. In result of imposition above criteria these model presents eight different variations of innovation policies. The most common innovation policy utilized in Polish industrial enterprises is individual innovator. This means that innovations were created in continuous manner, based on own resources and for own use. The test sample covered years 2007-2009 and 2012-2014. Surveys were conducted on group of medium and large Polish enterprises belonging to low-, medium- and high-tech industries. Each phase of research was based on the same methodology. From first stage 80 responses were obtained and from the second one 92.

    • MARKETING INNOVATIONS IN THE AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY GLOBALLY

      pg(s) 71-75

      In the center of the development of the new cars marketing tendencies in the next decades lay the innovations in few industries which interact between. This leads to the appearance of the autonomous vehicles, connected vehicles – between themselves, with the infrastructure and with the other personal smart belonging, incl. home; the strategic approach towards smart vehicles, shared vehicles, electric vehicles and finding ways this technology to become mainstream. These are now priority for the largest car manufacturers. The technology, Internet of Things, the environment and the change in the consumer behavior will create new types of products – smarter, more intelligent, more connected and integrated into connected ecosystems between the industries and businesses.

  • INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS

    • ESTIMATION OF CONDITIONS IN EXCHANGEABLE JAWS DESIGN OF PNEUMATICS GRIPPER IN MILLING MACHINE WITHIN THE MANUFACTURING – ASSEMBLING SYSTEM ICIM 3000

      pg(s) 79-82

      The paper deals with the design of replaceable jaws on pneumatics gripper on the CNC milling machine EMCO Concept MILL 105, which is part of the iCIM 3000 like as manufacturing and assembly system. The current shape and size of the replaceable jaws is not suitable for the new component base. When designing replaceable jaws to allow firm and safe clamping of rotating and non-rotating parts, it was based on limiting factors such as parameters of the pneumatics gripper, dimensions, shape and material of the clamped parts and the like.

    • INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS IN WASTE PROCESSING

      pg(s) 83-86

      The current report aims to provide insight into the different innovative solutions in waste processing. It outlines that the new technologies for solving the waste issue should be consistent with the current requirements for saving resources and minimizing the waste going to landfills. First, the paper discusses that one of the most serious challenges of the modern world is linked to the daily disposal of hundreds tonnes of waste. They are not only a national, but a global problem, the uncontrolled disposal and accumulation can cause serious pollution of the environment and lead to worsening health. That is why the issue of their effective management is of utmost importance. The report gives special attention to the global problem with waste collection and disposal that imposes an urgent need for innovations. Next, different innovative solutions in waste processing are also analyzed in the paper. A new, better model of waste management needs to be created and innovative methods (instruments) for disposal and treatment of municipal solid waste are needed. The author identifies that scientific progress allows for the implementation of new waste management technologies such as radio-frequency identification (RFID), GPS systems, underground waste treatment facilities, multistage waste recycling system, etc. Finally, on the basis of the analysis, recommendations for waste management on a global level are outlined. A conclusion is made that when choosing a new and effective waste management technology, the ecological (safety and ecological risks) and economic (efficiency, capital and operational expenses) factors should be considered.

    • DEVELOP REQUIREMENTS FOR AUTOMATED COMPLEX OF EXPRESS DIAGNOSTICS OF PIGMENTED SKIN LESIONS

      pg(s) 87-89

      The work contains the main results of the development of a non-invasive method for the early diagnosis of skin pigmented lesions. The risk factors for the development of melanoma, their influence on the formation, development and degeneration of benign pigmented lesions in malignant ones are considered. Noninvasive methods for early diagnosis of pigmented skin lesions, their advantages and disadvantages, and informative indicators of diagnostic methods for early detection of lesions have been analysed. Diagnostic signs for the development of an automated noninvasive method for the early diagnosis of pigmented skin lesions have been formulated. And also formulated technical requirements for an automated complex for express diagnosis of pigmented skin lesions.

    • NEW METHOD AND DEVICE FOR MEASURING SLIDING FRICTION

      pg(s) 90-91

      In the article the new solution of friction measurements for the sliding friction coefficient innerducts housing fibre optic microcables, catheters, cannulas are presented. The measurements and studies will significantly contribute to broaden the scope of studies in tribology for elements of various designs and materials undergoing sliding interactions. Moreover, the device enables analyses of diverse cross sections and dimensions to be carried out, all at one testing station and retooling time of 10 minutes. The invention allows scientific research to be carried out, novel materials to be designed and new materials for sliding layers to be effectively selected. The application of the invention reduces costs of analyses of innovative products by 55%-70% in relation to those used at present.

    • INFLUENCE OF INORGANIC INHIBITOR ON COPPER CORROSION IN ACIDIC MEDIUM

      pg(s) 92-94

      In this paper behavior of inorganic compound (2-amino-5-ethyl-1,3,4-thiadiazole) as inhibitor of copper corrosion in acidic medium (HCl solution) was examined. In addition to examination the effects of different concentrations of the inhibitor on the corrosion processes, research also included investigation of influence of immersion time of copper electrode in 2-amino-5-ethyl-1,3,4-thiadiazole (AETDA) solution on protective film formation on electrode surface (copper electrode). During this study next experimental methods are used: open circuit potential measurements (OCP), linear voltammetry measurements (LV) and cyclic voltammetry measurements (CV). Shift of open circuit potential toward negative values indicate that on copper surface comes to formation of corrosion product sand adsorption of molecule inhibitor. Copper oxidation is consequence of existing defect in structure layer and layer dissolution on electrode surface. Results show that inhibition efficiency depend on inorganic inhibitor concentration and immersion time of copper electrode in inhibitor solution (azole derivatives solution). Inhibition mechanism of AETDA is explained by forming compact protective film on copper surface. Adsorption of 2-amino-5-ethyl-1,3,4-thiadiazole on copper surface in 0.05M HCl solution obeys the Langmuir adsorption isotherm. The value of adsorption energy amount: ΔG = -39,52 kJ/mol.

    • ENERGY BALANCE OF GREENHOUSE WITH GROUND WARMING INSTALLATION

      pg(s) 95-98

      Geothermal energy, solar energy, industrial thermal effluents, etc. mainly offer low-temperature waters. Heating installation or system, originally developed for one of the alternative energy source. The problem of low-temperature heating of greenhouses is not characteristically only for direct application of geothermal energy but is connected to the problem of all the “alternative” energies use for that purpose. Calculations determine the losses of heat transfer, losses from the application of heat and benefit from the use of hot water. Calculated is necessary and permissible temperature of the floor, the recommended speed of the fluid and plan for layout of pipes in the ground of greenhouse.

    • THE APPLICATION OF VIBRATION ANALYSIS FOR DIAGNOSIS OF BEARINGS AND GEARS OF THE REAR AXLE ASSEMBLY OF THE PASSENGER CARS

      pg(s) 99-102

      Predictive maintenance of machines, also known as Condition Based Maintenance, is based on monitoring operating parameters, and comparison with corresponding values of parameters obtained for the new equipment. All machines with moving parts give rise to sound and vibration and each machine has a specific vibration signature related to the construction and the state of the machine. If the state of the machine changes the vibration signature will also change and a change in the vibration signature can be used to detect incipient defects before they become critical. The condition monitoring technique is based on detecting the presence of a fault, diagnosing the root cause of the fault, assessing its level of severity and making arrangements for its correction. A broad of condition monitoring and fault diagnosis techniques has been carried out for improving the accuracy and ability of condition monitoring and prognosis systems for bearing and gear components.

      This paper introduces the method for diagnostic of the rear drive axle for the passenger cars without its demounting. The objective method of diagnosing the rear drive axle is done by vibrometer. Application of diagnostic method greatly would be contributed in quickly localization of the rear drive axle fault where diagnostic process of the servicer will done faster.