Table of Contents

  • THEORETICAL PROBLEMS IN INNOVATIONS

    • FOURTH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION. ROBOTS AND PRODUCTION AUTOMATION WITH ELEMENTS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

      pg(s) 3-6

      The present research is devoted to the coexistence and communication of a person with machines, equipment and robots that possess elements of artificial intelligence. The new conditions lead to revolutionary changes in the automation of various activities in and outside the industry. Changes are multifaceted and the disclosure of trends allows planning and protecting of legal long-term activities to achieve useful outcomes effectively.

    • INNOVATIVE OBSOLESCENCE AND ITS IMPACT ON PRODUCTION DEVELOPMENT OF INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS

      pg(s) 7-9

      Contemporary industrial development of industrial products defines a new attitude towards their innovative obsolescence, which is of major importance to physical obsolescence. The purpose of this article is to clarify the essence and establish the impact of innovation obsolescence on the socio-economic and social outcomes of this activity. Assessing the impact of this activity on the scale and timing of manufactured industrial products is of the utmost importance for the timely removal of the negative effects of the innovation impact. It arises under the impact of new innovative solutions with more advanced, more productive and better techno-economic indicators than those introduced before.

    • THE ROLE OF DIGITAL INFORMATION MODELS FOR HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL INTERACTION IN INTELLIGENT PRODUCTION

      pg(s) 10-11

      Intelligent production is the future of industrial production. They are leading the way to a new industrial era and best define the concept of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. And getting real-time data on quality, resources and costs provides significant advantages over classical production systems. Intelligent production must be built on sustainable and service-oriented technological and business practices. They are characterized by flexibility, adaptability and self-learning, resilience to failures, and risk management. The high levels of automation, on the other hand, become a mandatory standard for them, which is possible thanks to the flexible network of production-based systems that automatically monitor the production processes. Flexible systems and models that are capable of responding in real time allow internal processes to be radically optimized. Production benefits are not limited to one-off production conditions, and the capabilities include optimization through a global network of adaptive and self-regulating manufacturing components belonging to more than one operator.

    • THE ROLE OF CONCURRENT ENGINEERING IN DEVELOPMENT AND DIGITALIZATION OF INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITIES

      pg(s) 12-14

      The modern stage of development is associated with increasing requirements to products and need for sustainable growth, as well as with strive for effective application of technical achievements, industrial and information technologies. The new production concepts require fundamentally new ways for technological construction. The application of the global information networks allows intensification of production and significant improvement of manufactured product quality. The present paper follows the development of Concurrent Engineering (CE) and systemizes its development directions as a whole complex integrated process. It attempts to clarify and determine the place of CE at the stage of general digitalization of project and production activities in an industrial enterprise. Special attention is paid to new software products and their compatibility to the requirements of modern production reality, such as digitalization, artificial intelligence and virtual reality.

      The place and role of CE in the new world of smart technologies is not only a subject of scientific research but also a huge challenge for its practical utility.

  • INNOVATION POLICY AND INNOVATION MANAGEMENT

    • INDUSTRY 4.0’s OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES FOR PRODUCTION ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMNET

      pg(s) 17-18

      Today Industrial Enterprises are facing the challenge of the 4th Industrial Revolution. Steam Power, Henry Ford’s Assembly Line, and Proliferation of Coal-based energy etc. – each of these developments in the evolution of manufacturing fundamentally changed the way products were manufactured and the way manufacturers moved products from factory to the customers. The present paper discusses the term “Industry 4.0” and its main characteristics, as well. Furthermore, a theoretical framework for evaluation the key technologies and concepts with respect to their impact on the production engineering and management. Also this paper discusses and some given arguments why manufacturers need to make changes in their traditional view of the functioning of the production system in term of “Industry 4.0”.

    • WHAT IS MACHINE CULTURE? RFID CHIP IMPLANTS AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE ARE THE NEXT LOGICAL STEPS IN THE EVOLUTION OF THE INDUSTRY.

      pg(s) 19-23

      Firms progressively search for new technologies and methods to develop sustainable competitive advantage. This article is aimed to investigate the pros and cons of integrating human RFID chip implants and Artificial Intelligence in the new digital global environment. The paper focuses on the new digital communication and machine culture, which rises between human and machine. It represents the unlimited industrial possibilities and potential of Artificial Intelligence. It also assesses the future risk that the world of human work being run by artificial management and the social impact to the public.

      In the past one hundred years, there were more global changes than in the previous one thousand years.

  • INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS

    • AUGMENTED INTELLIGENCE FOR TEACHING ROBOTS BY IMITATION

      pg(s) 24-27

      The process of augmenting intelligence in Human Robot Interaction has a complex character and can’t be pre-programmed explicitly. Nowadays, teaching robots is a well established concept ranging from demonstration by variants of teleoperation to imitation by external observations. We illustrate an innovative approach for learning intelligence and gestures by imitations of robots by brain augmentation captured by Emotiv brain-listening headset and human poses tracked by Microsoft Kinect motion-sensing device. Thus, robots learn continuously by observations from human brain activities and motions and really become personal. By innovative algorithms, robot operations that satisfy the current physical, cognitive, emotional and social intelligence over time are calculated and transmitted to robot sensors, modules and controllers. The concept of added brain intelligence will also evolve into technology to increase brain capacity and will shape our experience and skills in the future. Summarizing, the paper proposes a new concept for human-robot personal communication by augmenting bio intelligence to robot and vice versa – machine intelligence to human.

    • PRECISE 3D CARTOGRAPHIC DESIGN USING BING-MAPS RESOURCES, 3D BLENDER AND THE SPECIALIZED BLENDERGIS-ADDON APPLICATION

      pg(s) 28-29

      3D cartographic design is successfully implemented using the modern resources of Bing-Maps, Blender-3D software and the BlenderGIS-addon application. In addition to the quality of the resulting end-models, the performance of these programs and applications is highlighted by its free license and open source. In the present study, a 3D model of a part of a geographical area in Varna, Bulgaria was developed. For the research purposes the geographic area of the Technical University – Varna, comprising a part of the campus is determined. The finished 3D model contains information with the exact positions and names of the selected objects.

    • THE INVESTIGATION OF THE NANORELIEFS OF OPTICAL ELEMENTS OF MEASURING INSTRUMENTS, WHICH MODIFIED BY ELECTRONBEAM MICROPROCESSING

      pg(s) 30-33

      The results of microprocessing by the ribbon-shaped electron beam of the elements of optical measuring instruments (the material of such elements – K8 glass) with the initial nanorelief of surfaces 15-22 nm after industrial grinding and polishing are presented. Based on the results of studies using a computerized complex control system based on an atomic force microscope, it was established that after electron-beam microprocessing, the nanorelief of optical elements of measuring instruments decreased to 1.5-2.2 nm, satisfying to the requirements put forward to their surfaces.

    • EXERGY EFFICIENCY AND EXERGY DESTRUCTION CHANGE OF LOW POWER STEAM TURBINE WITH ONE CURTIS STAGE DURING THE VARIATION IN DEVELOPED POWER

      pg(s) 34-37

      In this paper is presented an exergy analysis of low power steam turbine with one Curtis stage which drives the main feed water pump (MFPT) in the conventional LNG carrier steam propulsion system. It was obtained an insight into the exergy efficiency and the exergy destruction change during the variation in turbine developed power. Measurements of necessary steam operating parameters were performed in seven different turbine operating points. Increase in turbine developed power from 50 kW up to maximum power of 570 kW causes a continuous increase in turbine exergy efficiency and highest exergy efficiency was obtained at the maximum turbine power. Turbine exergy destruction is influenced by steam operating parameters, steam mass flow and turbine current power. MFPT is balanced as the most of the other steam system components – maximum exergy efficiency will be obtained at the highest turbine (steam propulsion system) load on which can be expected the majority of LNG carrier operation.

    • SYSTEM OF MACHINES FOR SOIL PROCESSING IN SPACES BETWEEN ROWS OF PERENNIAL PLANTATIONS

      pg(s) 38-39

      This article introduces new technical means for cultivating the soil in the inter-row of the gardens. Different versions of soil maintenance systems are considered and, based on the conducted studies, a basic chisel plow machine and a set of additional equipment are proposed. The set of additional equipment includes a roller for leveling the surface of the treated soil, a device for applying mineral fertilizers and herbicides, and an apparatus for treating the subcutaneous zone of fruit trees. On the basis of the proposed equipment, a possible system tillage in the gardens.

    • POWER GENERATION OPTIMAL DISPATCH MODEL WITH CROSS-BORDER EXCHANGE MODEL FORMULATION

      pg(s) 40-43

      In this paper a model for optimal hydro-thermal coordination of a power system is proposed when contracts for power import and export power are available. The power flows outside the localized area of the local power system are divided into planned and planned quantities in order to assign different penalties for them in the cost criterion. The model also introduces the work of thermal and hydro power plants by separating each unit with a linear approximation. The resulting model is a mixed-integer linear programming problem.