• TRANSPORT. SAFETY AND ECOLOGY. LOGISTICS AND MANAGEMENT

    DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS IN VEHICLES USING AUGMENTED REALITY – BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES

    Trans Motauto World, Vol. 2 (2017), Issue 5, pg(s) 201-206

    The issues related to road safety and the complexity of the driving task present a continuously increasing burden for the driver. In order to support this task, the existing on-board systems in vehicles primarily display visual messages, forcing drivers to move their eyes from the road. This paper presents a survey of studies related to perception and cognitive attention of drivers when this information is presented on the windshield (Head-Up Displays). Past research has suggested that this technology is considered as a possible solution for reducing the time and frequency of drivers moving their eyes of traffic. However, this technology brings its own challenges that are discussed in this paper. Augmented Reality concept is also presented because this solution adds new challenges to the technology as the risk of occlusion of real objects that are relevant to the traffic as well as phenomena like perception tunneling and cognitive capture.

  • TECHNOLOGICAL BASIS OF “INDUSTRY 4.0”

    VARIOUS TECHNIQUES IN SOFTWARE APPLICATIONS FOR 3D VISUALIZATION AND EVALUATION OF BIOISOSTERIC MOLECULES

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 2 (2017), Issue 1, pg(s) 21-24

    The best – known software applications for 3D visualization and evaluation of bioisosteric molecules will be compared. The software applications are based on parameters, which can be divided mainly into two directions – emphasizing electrostatic properties, wave functions and presence of electrons in different energy states, and QSAR – based – quantitative methods – empirical examination of molecules, which use mainly statistical data collection, thus evaluating the properties of molecules through regression models to investigate similarity. The first group of innovative methods are superior, because of their analytical purposes that are not mining blindly for bioisosterism through empirical statistical data, but analytically detect similarities according to molecules’ shapes. In conclusion – the use of GPUs for parallel processing of matrix-based operation – for the calculations of quantum vectors – would lead to repeated acceleration of the speed of these calculations. Finally, this study demonstrates the GPU as another factor, which is important for the improvement of the evaluation methods of studying and visualization of molecular similarity.