• MECHANIZATION IN AGRICULTURE

    CURRENT PROBLEMS OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION MECHANIZATION

    Mechanization in Agriculture, Vol. 63 (2017), Issue 3, pg(s) 111-114

    The report focuses on the current problems of mechanization of agricultural production, and agrarian science is seen as a subsystem of the national economy and as a continuously evolving system, characterizing the objectives of its functioning, composition and structure of its elements, as well as the way of interaction and interconnection Between its elements. From a system point of view, mechanized technologies in agricultural production, based on agricultural mechanics, are inseparable from the processes of their organization and management.

  • MECHANIZATION IN AGRICULTURE

    THEORETICAL STUDY TO DETERMINE THE STANDARD SIZE RANGE OF AGRICULTURAL TRACTORS

    Mechanization in Agriculture, Vol. 63 (2017), Issue 3, pg(s) 92-94

    Since the tractor is the main energy source in agriculture, the state with highly developed agrarian production, tractor and agricultural machine building should have a fairly clear and consistent policy in the field of organizing the production and supply to agricultural producers of a wide range of tractors for various purposes. Such a policy is based on the type of mobile energy resources, i.e. tractors, based on a deep analysis and study of the volume of agricultural production, the needs for mechanized technologies, the theory of the operation of agricultural machines, the overall assessment of the development of high-tech agriculture. The purpose of this study is to develop theoretical bases for calculating the type of agricultural tractors based on an optimization of technical and economic analysis, taking into account the need for a qualitative and timely implementation of the entire closed set of works in agricultural production. During the research methods of machine use in agriculture, higher mathematics, economics, compilation of programs and numerical calculations on PC were used. The results of the study showed that the classification of tractors should be carried out not according to traction power (as is done in most countries of the world), but by the nominal traction force developed by them. It has been established that this gives a more accurate representation of the operational properties of an energy tool, which in turn allows for the very accurate and correct selection of complexes of appropriate agricultural machinery and implements for its effective operation. The presented theoretical approaches allow to determine with a high degree of accuracy the type of agricultural tractors for any country.

  • APPLYING SWOT ANALYSIS IN ASSESSING THE CAPACITY OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN CONDITIONS OF DROUGHT AND CHANGING CLIMATE

    Mechanization in Agriculture, Vol. 62 (2016), Issue 2, pg(s) 44-47

    Soil and water resources, used for the needs of farming production are strategically important on a regional, national and global scale. One of these resources – soils, has an extremely long recovery period, hence it is assumed practically unrecoverable. The second resource – water, has the property of not being wasted in nature; in fact, it only changes its physical state, and is purified if in movement. At the same time, due to considerably short-sighted human activity, a process of aeration sets over already fertile arable land, precipitation changes location, as well as intensity.

    Analysing strengths and weaknesses of applying technological processes in farming, especially in the conditions of prolonged droughts and changing climate, will be crucial to making the right decisions, concerning the development of farming production technologies. But mere analyses, no matter how detailed and accurate they are, will be useless without the next step-planning.
    Therefore, applying SWOT analysis as a tool can help the awareness of guidelines and failures during the strategic planning for the usage of these irreplaceable natural resources.