• MAGNETIC AND ELECTROCONDUCTIVE PROPERTIES OF THE PURE CARBON SOOT SYNTHESISED BY ARC DISCHARGE

    Materials Science. Non-Equilibrium Phase Transformations., Vol. 3 (2017), Issue 4, pg(s) 146-149

    The electroconductive and magnetic properties of nanomaterials containing carbon nanoforms synthesised for electrocatalytic, electrochromic, and ferrofluid applications, etc., are of interest to researchers. This article aims to understand the physical effects influencing the electroconductive and magnetic properties of materials synthesised by arc discharge. The nanomaterial formation processes leading to the formation of magnetic and electroconductive structures are also discussed. Arc discharge between graphitic electrodes results in the emergence of a fan-shaped jet of helium and carbon. The gasdynamic and temperature parameters of the jet depend on the parameters of the arc discharge and the buffer gas. Variations in the parameters of the carbon vapour flow change the kinetics of carbon condensation, leading to variations in the morphology and structure of the carbon material. The main external parameter of the synthesis (buffer gas pressure) was varied in the study, and correlations between the intensity ratio of the D to G peaks on the Raman spectrum and the electrical conductivity and magnetic susceptibility values were found. During the synthesis, nanographite structures were formed. However, the formation of an amorphous carbon structure on the free ‘zig-zag’ edges of the graphite fragments reduced the magnetic susceptibility, the electrical conductivity and the ID/IG ratio.