The Industry 4.0 initiative poses great challenges to the world, countries and companies connected with the provided digital transformation and the new intelligent technologies in all areas of the industry. This requires the development and follow-up of a national strategy for the adoption and implementation of Industry 4.0. It is important in this case to assess the Industry 4.0 readiness of each country for transformation and change. The main aim of the paper is to present, analyse and compare some of the most promised existing approaches for calculation of Industry 4.0 readiness at national level. Some results are presented and compared.
Risk management constitutes currently one of the most important elements of the management of an enterprise, which is crucial to its security and continuous improvement. This is a several-stage process, and its implementation should systematic and principled in character. The article sets out the risk assessment for activities performed in conjunction with individual operations of a manufacturing process, and specifically, the book production process. The risk assessment was preceded by the identification of hazards to technological, transport and control operations, followed by their analysis using an indicator method. Operations have been identified, which are characterized by the highest risk, and preventive and prophylactic actions using various control measures (technical, organizational, legal, individual and collective) have been proposed. Risk assessment for a task is a primary outline for the use and implementation of risk management issues that go beyond the commercial risk assessment in an enterprise.
The machines are one of the most important pillars in the industrial economy of the European Union. The aim is to reduce the enormous social price paid for accidents at work, by integration of safe design and construction, as well as proper installation and maintenance.
A harmonized regulatory framework for the design and manufacture of machines is of major economic importance for European industry. At the same time, the safety of machinery makes an important contribution to reducing the social costs of damage to health and accidents at home and workplace.