• MECHANIZATION IN AGRICULTURE

    EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF OPERATION INDICATORS OF BEET TOPS HARVESTING MACHINE FOR SUGAR BEET TOPS CONTINUOUS CUTTING

    Mechanization in agriculture & Conserving of the resources, Vol. 64 (2018), Issue 2, pg(s) 39-41

    Field experimental studies of a new beet tops harvesting machine, which is front mounted on a wheeled tractor aggregating tractor, are carried out, carrying out a continuous non-sensing cut of the green massif of sugar beet tops. At the same time, a new laboratory-field installation was developed, which consists of a rotor type front mounted rotary type machine with a horizontal axis of rotation, a transverse screw for collecting the cutted leaves from all width, and a loading mechanism in the form of a paddlewheel and a loading nozzle. During the field experiments, the tractor moving with a specified speed regime fixed by track measuring wheel, the total cutting height was set in a predetermined interval by means of two pneumatic sensing wheels with adjustment mechanisms. The rotational speed of the rotary cutter, with arched knives mounted on the drive horizontal drum, was varied with the help of replacement asterisks. In the prepared area of sugar beet field, the beet tops was cut at various parameters of the harvesting process, which was then estimated by the size of the remaining tops remnants left on root crops heads and in the aisles. According to the developed program and methodology, statistical processing of the results of experimental studies with the help of a personal computer was subsequently carried out, which allowed obtaining graphical dependencies of the indicated tops residues on the root crops heads, which made it possible to establish performance of new harvesting machine for continuous cutting of sugar beet tops. The established dependencies made it possible to choose rational constructive and technological parameters for harvesting tops by front mounted harvesting machine.

  • MULTI-FUNCTION DEVICE OF A CANAL CLEANER FOR PERFORMING A COMPLETE CLEANING OF DRAINAGE CANALS

    Mechanization in agriculture & Conserving of the resources, Vol. 61 (2015), Issue 3, pg(s) 15-0

    We offer a multi-functional operating element of rotary type for a channel cleaner, which is capable of performing the entire cycle of cleaning household water reservoirs (ponds), in particular:1. due to the compound rotor:1.1. mow and chop the crop;
    2. due to the implementation of detachable body:2.1. mill and transport “dry” soils using a jet of air;2.2. pump water;2.3. extract and transport the soil from under the water;

    3. due to the installation of the teeth on the lower movable part of the body:3.1. work as a clamp grapple to remove garbage from water reservoirs (ponds).

    The basis of multifunctionality of this invention is in the principle of implementation of the maximum number of hidden abilities of the initial technical system, its rotor, framing, manipulator parts, which implies the subsequent creation of a reclamation robot.