TRUCK MOUNTED CRANES DURING LOAD LIFTING – DYNAMIC ANALYSIS AND REGULATION USING MODELLING AND SIMULATIONS
Truck Mounted Cranes are used for load lifting and lowering, mainly in construction industry for materials handling. These cranes have complex structure with many parts and mechanisms with bars, linkages, actuators, cables, outriggers, etc. Using modeling and simulations with software we will analyze dynamics and oscillations in crane while lifting the maximal load, and methods of control of these oscillations in order to optimize the work process of truck crane. Dynamic parameters analyzed are: velocity, acceleration, angular velocity, forces and torques that act in main parts of crane, including load swinging. The study will be accomplished with design of block diagrams that represents crane model and motion, and gain results in form of diagrams containing main kinematic and dynamic parameters. Results of the tested system will be used to get conclusions about dynamic behavior of crane, and look for optimal motion control. Analysis will be done using modeling and simulations with software MapleSim, based on truck crane from standard manufacturer.