• SOCIETY

    TEN THINGS WE NEED TO KNOW ABOUT THE ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN CONFLICT

    Science. Business. Society., Vol. 3 (2018), Issue 2, pg(s) 82-86

    The Middle East is a geographical region which can be defined in more than one way. Depending on various factors such as security, politics, or economy, the Middle East might stretch from Morocco to Pakistan (the Greater Middle East, coined in the early 2000s) or, according to a more traditional, Orientalist definition, from Egypt to Iran. The definitions also vary as to which countries on the African continent should be interpolated into the Middle Eastern region. While the geographical range of the Middle East is disputable, one criteria of the definition is unchallenged, and this is the lack of stability of the region. At the epicenter of this instability is the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. When Israel was established as a new state in the region in 1948, there was a broader Israeli-Arab conflict. And, while the Israeli-Palestinian conflict applies to merely 20.000 km2,, in its specificity, it radiates onto the whole region – once a local conflict, then a regional one, and eventually gaining a global inflammation rank (Bojko, 2006). It is also at the heart of the followers of Islam (the religion with the second biggest population) and draws attention of policymakers globally, who for the last seven decades, have failed to find a solution to the conflict.

    The Israeli-Palestinian conflict, because of the magnitude of issues involved, is often not fully comprehended but it still evokes stark, polarized opinions. The intricacies of the conflict have their direct root in the previous century, but both sides of the conflict, in reinforcing their rights, go back not decades but centuries. The conflict itself has been also used by third parties e.g. during the Cold War, or as the pretext for carrying out the attacks on 9/11. The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is complex, it affects many people, not just locally but also globally. Therefore, explaining the Israeli-Palestinian conflict through ten basic criteria will allow us to understand the complexity of the conflict and to formulate our own opinions and positions on this difficult subject.

  • SOCIETY

    ADMINISTRATIVE PROCESS MODELING: WBS AND PROJECT MANAGEMENT APPROACHES REVIEW

    Science. Business. Society., Vol. 3 (2018), Issue 2, pg(s) 87-90

    Every optimization problem needs its appropriate model. An administrative process is specific but it also requires optimization. In this paper a practical review on the preceding stage of process decomposition is made. A review on possible approaches to the further modeling of an administrative process as an event-oriented process deriving from project management practitioners is done. The problem of decisions making under risk and uncertainty conditions is explained in the case of a discrete-event administrative process model and two approaches for uncertainty presentation are proposed for review.

  • SOCIETY

    THE INTERNATIONAL LAW AND THE AMBIGUITIES CONCERNING CHEMICAL NON-LETHAL WEAPONS

    Science. Business. Society., Vol. 3 (2018), Issue 1, pg(s) 38-41

    The present-day geopolitical landscape and the nature of modern conflicts, in which opponents are often mixed with the civilian population, impose significant limitations on the use of force. Minimizing the number of victims in armed conflicts is fundamental principle of both International law (IL) and the Non-lethal weapons (NLWs) concept. The IL, however, still seems insufficiently adapted in respect to NLWs, creating paradoxes in which use of conventional weapons, causing massive death and damage, prove to be preferable to non-lethal force. This paper examines the unresolved issues in the relationships between IL and the chemical non-lethal agents.

  • SOCIETY

    SAFETY OF ECONOMIC SYSTEM OF CHINA – SELF-ORGANIZATION AND HARMONIZATION

    Science. Business. Society., Vol. 3 (2018), Issue 1, pg(s) 42-44

    The main issues are considered in this topic: the security of China’s economic from the point of view of self-organization and harmonization and based on the methodological harmonization author analyzed the economy as a system. In the end, we concluded that selforganization is a possible direction for the development of complex economic systems, which is based on the unity of the processes of selforganization and disorganization, complexity and diversity, etc.

  • SOCIETY

    ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION OF THE EU ACTION PLAN TO ENHANCE PREPAREDNESS AGAINST CHEMICAL, BIOLOGICAL, RADIOLOGICAL AND NUCLEAR SECURITY RISK AND THE NATIONAL PROGRAM FOR ITS IMPLEMENTATION

    Science. Business. Society., Vol. 3 (2018), Issue 1, pg(s) 35-37

    The present report considers the EU Action Plan to enhance preparedness against chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear security (CBRN) risk, adopted in 2009 by the EU Council. The Action Plan‟s overall goal is to reduce the threat of, and damage from, CBRN incidents of accidental or intentional origin, including terrorist acts. The Plan provides possibilities for the EU member states to implement the listed standards by including them into the national legislation. The National Program developed subsequently in Bulgaria for the implementation of the EU CBRN Action Plan is also analyzed. The strengths and weaknesses of the document are revised as well as the progress of its implementation.

  • SOCIETY

    ISLAM, THE BALKANS, IDENTITY

    Science. Business. Society., Vol. 2 (2017), Issue 3, pg(s) 147-150

    Even before the conquest of the Balkan peninsula was completed by the end of the 15 century, the Ottoman Empire was faced with the need to increase the Muslim component of the local population so as to affirm Ottoman power in the new lands. The central authorities, the army and the clergy began to systematically implement a policy of Islamization. Colonization and migration were among the factors that led to the settlement of a numerous Muslim population. Conversion to Islam was linked to certain advantages, such as pardon for violations of law, the distribution of offices and positions, assistance for impoverished new Muslims, inclusion in Ottoman military organizations such as the spahi, the janissaries, the yaya (peasant infantry), the muslem (autonomous peasant cavalry), the akinji (advance cavalry), the yuruks, etc. There was a merging of ethnic and religious identity stemming from the way in which the Empire was organized and from the importance of religion for the exercise of power. Religious affiliation became an ethnonym of power, and power was in Muslim hands. Evidently, the causes and factors of the conversion to Islam of part of the Balkan population have not been definitively clarified and will remain debatable if the explanation is looked for in “coercion” alone or in “voluntary choice” alone. Perhaps the causes might be related to the internal political strategy of the Ottoman state with regard to the numerous population of the Balkans as well as to the medieval religiousness of the peasants and the incapacity of the Orthodox Church, in its subordinate position, to maintain their faith and provide them with material assistance.

  • SOCIETY

    SYMPTOMS OF VERBAL DYSPRAXIA IN CHILDREN DIAGNOSED WITH SPECIFIC LANGUAGE IMPAIRMENT (SLI)

    Science. Business. Society., Vol. 2 (2017), Issue 3, pg(s) 143-146

    The purpose of this article is to provide information on the study of deficits in the functioning of praxis in children diagnosed with Specific Language Impairment (SLI). The performance of three groups of language disordered children, divided by age, and the respective control groups on tasks related to articulation, speech motor control and diadochokinesis are put on discussion.

  • SOCIETY

    CROWDSOURCING LANGUAGE RESOURCES FOR SPEECH RECOGNITION

    Science. Business. Society., Vol. 2 (2017), Issue 3, pg(s) 139-142

    An important part of any speech recognition system is a language model. Creation of a language model requires proper processing of large quantities of textual data. Part-of-speech tags, named entities or semantic roles in the text help with precise statistical language modeling. The natural language processing methods are usually trained on annotated text corpora. Annotation of text corpora or dictionaries is a difficult process that requires a lot of human work involved. Crowdsourcing is a specific sourcing model in which individuals or organizations use contributions of Internet users to create a specific knowledge base.

  • SOCIETY

    EXPERIENCE APPLICATION OF THE DUPLICATING WAY "WSEM-PC" FOR THE NOTIFICATION OF PEOPLE AT FIRE IN OFFICE BUILDINGS OF JSC RUSSIAN RAILWAYS

    Science. Business. Society., Vol. 2 (2017), Issue 3, pg(s) 136-138

    The results of the natural observation of evacuation of office buildings workers of JSC "Russian Railways" with application of various notification ways are presented in the article and the time of their response to a signal is defined. Confidential level of the possibility of use of the considered mathematical laws of distribution for the time of response description of the «Fire» signal depending on the notification way is determined. Based on the chosen law of distribution comparative assessment of efficiency of the notification at the fire depending on a notification way in comparison with standard values, and also the existing traditional ways of the notification has been conducted.

  • SOCIETY

    A REVIEW OF ENTERPRISE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT MODELS: CRITICAL APPRAISAL

    Science. Business. Society., Vol. 2 (2017), Issue 2, pg(s) 97-103

    Sustainable development has become a widely used concept and an important global issue. Enterprises aiming for sustainable development must combine economic interests with environmental and social needs, while keeping economic profit as a priority. A variety of different models of sustainable business issues have already emerged. The major challenges of enterprises include choosing particular model and assessing the sustainable development performance. The purpose of this article is to analyse and critically evaluate various models of enterprise’s sustainable development, identify advantages and limitations of existing models and propose procedural model suitable for manufacturing and service enterprises. The enterprises sustainable models will be analysed by covering economic, social, environmental and technological aspects of sustainability. Research will be carried out using analysis of scientific literature and synthesis of various approaches.