• SOCIETY & „INDUSTRY 4.0”

    ANALYSIS OF THE TYPES OF EUROPEAN LEGAL ENTITIES IN BENEFIT OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND RATIONAL INNOVATIVE INVESTMENT PROCESS FOR INTERNATIONAL ENERGY, TRANSPORT AND INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS’ DEVELOPMENT AND THEIR PRACTICAL IMPLEMENTATION

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 3 (2018), Issue 1, pg(s) 50-53

    The high level of investment for the international energy, transport and infrastructure projects, in almost all cases need of a multi-source approach of financing is necessary, having the European funds as a main component. Each such project must be undoubtable innovative and in accordance with the safety and environmental European requirements. The Legal Entity (LE) is a key factor, acting for coordination of the management and for legal responsibility during the all phases of the project. Choose of the most appropriate type of LE for realisation of such project has very high priority in the whole investment process. In favour of this the report presents the main types of European Legal Entities with their advantages, disadvantages, tax issues, intellectual property rights (IPR), etc.

  • SOCIETY & „INDUSTRY 4.0”

    ADMINISTRATIVE PROCESS MODELING: AN INTRODUCTION TO ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES AND PROCEDURES

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 3 (2018), Issue 1, pg(s) 54-57

    The state administration is a part of every government and it is responsible for the implementation of certain administrative, legal and regulatory functions. An effective functioning of the state administration eases the functioning of the citizens and the business and therefore the processing in it is approached as a business process. There are certain similarities and respective differences between a business and an administrative process. In this paper an introduction into the problem is made.

  • SOCIETY & „INDUSTRY 4.0”

    CHARACTERISTICS OF RADIATION AND SOURCES OF RADIATION AS A RESULT OF HUMAN ACTIVITY

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 2 (2017), Issue 6, pg(s) 312-316

    The main features of the radiation environment in the surrounding environment are presented. Over the last 5 years no values other than the natural ones have been observed, with the lowest values in Veliko Tarnovo. The main characteristics of the radiation in operation in nuclear power plants and the major accidents resulting from the operation of the NPP in the development of humanity are shown. Radiation as a result of the uranium mining and uranium processing industry in Bulgaria is also under consideration. It also shows the actions of radiation as a result of other people’s activities.

  • SOCIETY & „INDUSTRY 4.0”

    SOCIAL ASPECTS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE CONCEPT "INDUSTRY 4:0": RISKS AND PROSPECTS FOR THE TRANSFORMATION OF HUMAN RESOURCES

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 2 (2017), Issue 6, pg(s) 302-306

    The formation and development of the concept "Industry 4: 0" is associated with significant changes in the structure and characteristics of human resources. It concerns the problems of the new structure of employment, the transformation of the educational system, the deepening of regional disparities. At the same time, the actions developed within the concept, including various programs, don’t pay due attention to possible social risks and measures to reduce them.

  • SOCIETY & „INDUSTRY 4.0”

    ON THE WAY FROM INDUSTRY 4.0 TO INDUSTRY 5.0: FROM DIGITAL MANUFACTURING TO DIGITAL SOCIETY

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 2 (2017), Issue 6, pg(s) 307-311

    Nowadays the world is surviving the fourth industrial revolution named Industry 4.0, which combines physical world of real things with their “virtual twins”. The man with his intellect, creativity and will lies beyond this ideology. Now the image of a new paradigm of Industry 5.0 could be seen. It involves the penetration of Artificial Intelligence in man’s common life, their “cooperation” with the aim of enhancing the man capacity and the return of the man at the “Centre of the Universe”. The paper outlines modern technologies – from IoT up to emergent intelligence, being developed in organizations where authors work. The convergence of these technologies, according to our minds, will provide the transformation from Industry 4.0 to Industry 5.0.

  • SOCIETY & „INDUSTRY 4.0”

    INDUSTRY 4.0 and TURKISH NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM: CHALLENGES and PROSPECTS

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 2 (2017), Issue 4, pg(s) 193-196

    This study discusses the structure of Turkish National Innovation System (NIS) and challenges faced in the last decade in the context of the digital transformation. As a developing country and a member of G-20, how these challenges of Turkish NIS are mitigated and further be dealt with. It comprises lessons and provides cases for various similar NISs. In order to evaluate and provide policy recommendations for accelerating the transformation of Turkish economy, it benefits from systems approach as a basic academic framework. It is found that Turkey faces four key structural challenges calling for urgent response for their targets of 2023 (hundredth year of the Republic), namely productivity, growth, employment and investment. Implementing a relatively simple rule compatible with the peculiarities of the system and focusing on the diversity of policy mix, the study proposes ways to mitigate these structural challenges towards digital transformation.

  • SOCIETY & „INDUSTRY 4.0”

    POSTAL MARKET DEVELOPMENTS IN SERBIA

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 2 (2017), Issue 3, pg(s) 147-150

    The postal services market is facing big challenges, both on global and national level. Besides e-substitution, a liberalization of the postal market contributes to the greater extent to this phenomenon. The purpose of this paper is to examine a state of the postal market in Serbia and main developments, considering a trend in the number of postal operators, number of services, service diversification, relation between letter and parcel market, etc.

  • SOCIETY & „INDUSTRY 4.0”

    PRODUCTION SYSTEMS SAFETY, MODELLING, SIMULATION AND THE POSSIBILITY OF AUTOMATION OF A PRODUCTION WAREHOUSE AS A KEY COMPONENT IN CIM SYSTEMS

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 2 (2017), Issue 3, pg(s) 143-146

    This paper deals with the safety, modeling, simulation and the possibility of automation of a production warehouse as a key component on CIM systems. The manufacturing has been changed significantly by using information systems. Using electronic data processing in the production systems and beyond, automatic protocols are derived and flow both on confirmation of the order and in economic aspect of the raw material. Also, information systems are used in planning and controlling the production, including machines, equipments and entire production process, as well as a lot more opportunities have been provided for the operator. But, security of the production systems is one of the concerns which are elaborated in this paper. Production systems play an important role in industrial and economic development of a country. Recent years, there was a tremendous change in the technology of production systems. Such changes happened as a result of advances in the field of hardware and software technology, which are directly or indirectly related to modeling and simulation of production systems. In this paper, we will investigate the possibility of automation of a production warehouse as one of the key components of CIM technology. Simulations are new and very attractive area. Nowadays they have become indispensable engineering tools for solving engineering tasks, leaving behind the traditional analytical methods. They include design, analytical and optimisation tasks of complex production systems, computer architecture, biological and military systems etc. This is made possible, because of failure to gain good results by the analytical methods, which is the case also for simple systems too. In the group of traditional methods are distinguished: arrays method (querying theory), different heuristic mathematical methods etc.This paper also deals with modelling and simulation of flexible system for electrical machine assembling by ARENA software.

  • SOCIETY & „INDUSTRY 4.0”

    REUSE OF SOFTWARE ENGINEERING

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 2 (2017), Issue 3, pg(s) 139-142

    Reuse-based software engineering is a software engineering strategy where the development process is geared to reusing existing software. The move to reuse-based development has been in response to demands for lower software production and maintenance costs, faster delivery of systems, and increased software quality. More and more companies see their software as a valuable asset. They are promoting reuse to increase their return on software investments.

  • SOCIETY & „INDUSTRY 4.0”

    COMPETENCY PROFILE OF THE INNOVATIVE ENTERPRISES

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 2 (2017), Issue 3, pg(s) 135-138

    Innovative enterprises have a key role in the recognition and the sustainable development of the knowledge-based economy. The different innovative enterprises have different contribution and value for the economy and the social development. The R&D personnel and its acquired and developed competencies are basic characteristics of the innovative firms. On the base of the R&D personnel’s competencies a company competency profile is designed. This model may improve the innovation activity and the organizational performance of the enterprise. It can be used for making differentiation between innovative enterprises and on is base to be delivered conclusions on their competency competiveness. The competency profile can be useful for choosing what kind of innovations to be produced and in what innovate projects the company may participate. These innovative projects need concrete and specific competency tools. The competency profile works within a framework for improvement of the whole competency management of the innovative enterprise and introducing the best performance management practices for the R&D personnel.