Ports constitute one of the most important nodes of transport networks, and they represent the border control points and the freight handling points, the administrative service centers, place of the implementation of trade procedures, as well as the link connecting the land and maritime routes. The functioning of the international transport corridor depends to a large extent on the ports and maritime transport efficiency.
Despite significant investments, the operations of port and ships are mostly non-standard, which hinders the development of the maritime transport sector. However, infrastructure is not the major obstacle to maritime transport development. National regulatory policy should be revised in keeping with the growing popularity of the concept of economic globalization and supply network. It is necessary to reform the relevant roles of the private sector and the State, where the latter is represented by stateowned companies and state monopolies.