THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MECHANIZATION AND COTTON GINNING INDUSTRY
- 1 Department of Agricultural Machinery and Technologies Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Dicle, Diyarbakır, Turkey
- 2 Bismil Vocational High School, University of Dicle, Diyarbakır, Turkey
Irrigated agriculture has brought mechanization applications and thus has increased cotton production area, yield and production quantity in Southeastern part of Turkey. This increase has led to the development of ginning industry in the region. Also it has become important to standardization the cotton ginning and baling. In this study, were investigated and evaluated current situation of the ginning factories in Diyarbakir province. The study was conducted by applying the survey methods to the visited factories. In the survey, respondents were asked questions regarding general information about the factory, current situation, capacity, raw material procurement, marketing, sales and general problems. In study, 50 factories were investigated, which were registered to Diyarbakir Chamber of Trade and Industry. The results obtained from the study show that the 17 factories have closed for several reasons. In particular, it was found that ginning factories do not operate efficiently with regard to the labour force employed and the amount of capital invested. In addition, it was determined what processed and baled cotton sold out of the province of Diyarbakir. Also, it was determined that factories had difficulties working low capacity, were between 60-120 days of annual working time, lack of qualified employee, financial difficulties, couldn’t find quality cotton, insufficient agricultural supports and unstable pricing policies.