A COMPARISON ON HARVEST TECHNOLOGIES USED IN OLIVE HARVEST

  • 1 Bursa Uludağ University, Institute of Natural and Applied Science, Department of Biosystems Engineering, Bursa, Turkey
  • 2 Bursa Uludağ University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Biosystems Engineering, Bursa, Turkey

Abstract

Olive cultivation is a traditional symbol of the Mediterranean climate zone. It is important to harvest the olive fruit at the appropriate time and to collect the whole product without damaging the trees during this harvest. Damage of fruits during harvesting directly affects the product quality and thus the producer’s earnings. There are three main technologies commonly used in olive harvesting. The first of these; It is a hook type olive harvesting machine that performs the harvesting process by giving vibration to tree branches. Secondly; combs type are harvesting machines that vibrate given directly to the fruits and also the leaves and thin branches. The third is the trunk shaker type olive harvesting machines which take action from the tractor and vibrate to the trunk of the tree. In this study, some olive harvesting machines used in Turkey are compared in terms of performance and efficiency. Within the scope of the study, both domestic production and imported technologies are included. As a result, it has been found that the shaker type olive harvesters have a higher performance as expected. In contrast, the cost of this technology is higher than other olive harvesting technologies. Comb type olive harvest technologies are left behind in terms of performance compared to other harvest technologies. However, the costs of these machines are much cheaper than other olive harvesting technologies. On the other hand, it causes more damage to fruits and leaves.

Keywords

Article full text

Download PDF