Land banking in many countries has proven to play a crucial role in adapting land use structures to new social and economic realities. From an overview of this issue in Europe, it seems that there are many organizational forms of the land bank. There are also a variety of targets, tools and instruments used. Land banking is defined as the process of mediating the lease, purchase or sale of land by a public or private institution, in order to increase its effective use as well as the mobility of land and to facilitate its use. The land bank can also be established by private initiative.
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