Influence of irrigation regime and mineral fertilization on the growth index of three varieties of tomatoes grown in glass greenhouses using an ecological and water-saving irrigation technique

  • 1 N. Poushkarov Institute for Soil Science, Agrotechnology and Plant Protection, Agricultural Academy, Sofia, Bulgaria
  • 2 Maritsa Vegetable Crop Research Institute Agricultural Academy, Plovdiv, Bulgaria


To establish the influence of irrigation and mineral regime on the growth index of tomatoes, the irrigation and fertilization schedules of three genotypes of tomatoes grown in an unheated steel and glass greenhouse in an experimental field of MVCRI – Plovdiv, Bulgaria, were examined. Environmentally friendly and water-saving irrigation techniques were used. Different irrigation rates were applied starting from full satisfaction of the crop water requirements to irrigation and with 25% reduction and 25% increase in irrigation rates and three fertilization rates respectively – optimum with 25% reduction and 50% increase.
After processing the results, the growth index showed an increase in the irrigation rate by 25% above the optimum growth in all three tomato cultivars included in the experiment. At the same time, no such relationship was observed when the fertilization rates were changed. The exception was the cultivar ‘Hayet,’ in which a decrease in fertilizer rate was also associated with a higher growth index, close to that of the optimum fertilizer regime. At the same time, the combination of increasing or decreasing the irrigation rate and fertilization did not have a positive effect on growth.



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