In this paper the authors present legal framework for the protection against CBRN agents in Bosnia and Herzegovina. By critical analyzing existing legal framework the authors will determine plausible legal course of action in cases of danger caused by CBRN agents. Namely, although use of CBRN agents for industrial purposes is thoroughly regulated the may be abused in the various activities against civil society. The may be abused through the acts of terrorism and sabotage and misused through inadequate handling of the agents and their byproducts. The final goal of this paper is to examine the applicable value of the existing legislation in this area in Bosnia and Herzegovina.