Science. Business. Society., Vol. 3 (2018), Issue 2, pg(s) 82-86

    The Middle East is a geographical region which can be defined in more than one way. Depending on various factors such as security, politics, or economy, the Middle East might stretch from Morocco to Pakistan (the Greater Middle East, coined in the early 2000s) or, according to a more traditional, Orientalist definition, from Egypt to Iran. The definitions also vary as to which countries on the African continent should be interpolated into the Middle Eastern region. While the geographical range of the Middle East is disputable, one criteria of the definition is unchallenged, and this is the lack of stability of the region. At the epicenter of this instability is the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. When Israel was established as a new state in the region in 1948, there was a broader Israeli-Arab conflict. And, while the Israeli-Palestinian conflict applies to merely 20.000 km2,, in its specificity, it radiates onto the whole region – once a local conflict, then a regional one, and eventually gaining a global inflammation rank (Bojko, 2006). It is also at the heart of the followers of Islam (the religion with the second biggest population) and draws attention of policymakers globally, who for the last seven decades, have failed to find a solution to the conflict.

    The Israeli-Palestinian conflict, because of the magnitude of issues involved, is often not fully comprehended but it still evokes stark, polarized opinions. The intricacies of the conflict have their direct root in the previous century, but both sides of the conflict, in reinforcing their rights, go back not decades but centuries. The conflict itself has been also used by third parties e.g. during the Cold War, or as the pretext for carrying out the attacks on 9/11. The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is complex, it affects many people, not just locally but also globally. Therefore, explaining the Israeli-Palestinian conflict through ten basic criteria will allow us to understand the complexity of the conflict and to formulate our own opinions and positions on this difficult subject.



    Science. Business. Society., Vol. 2 (2017), Issue 2, pg(s) 92-96

    The Islamic State (IS) (arguably the most successful terrorist group ever, or at the very least, the terrorist group which has attracted the most media attention) has declared itself a state, seized territories, and implemented a quasi-government. Widely recognized by their black flag, white pickup trucks, and horrendous executions broadcast live; the IS is a terrorist organization that because of its goals, methods, and appeal to young people, is worrisome to global leaders and decision-makers.

    But what do we know about the IS? How is it possible that such a phenomenon came into existence let alone became capable of threatening global powers, obtaining continued funding, staging military actions, and grabbing media attention as it has done so far?

    To explain the above question one must look at many different strategic issues that were not managed properly and therefore allowed Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, a Jordanian dropout and petty criminal, to create such a deadly organization. Today the IS plays an important role in the Middle East and is capable of carrying out deadly terrorist attacks not only in its home region but also in Europe, the United States, and Asia.

    The name, funding, controlled territories, roots, religious affiliation, and many other factors must be explained in order to fully understand the IS; the terrorist group of the 21st century.