The motivation for escaping from prisons

  • 1 Academy of the Ministry of Interior, Sofia, Bulgaria


The leading motives for perpetrators’ escapes are self-affirmation, self-preservation, identification, increase of self-esteem, achievement of retribution and justice. The precise psychological analysis of the motives for the escapes favours their forecasting, timely crossing and termination. The sustainable motives for the realization of escapes are connected with serious conspiratorial activity. Situational motives for escape are inherent in impulsive and primary personalities.



  1. Madzharov, E. Penitentiary psychology, first part, S. Albatross, 2016, pp.138-139; pp.191-192.
  2. Madzharov, E. The psychological model for the study of escapes from places of imprisonment. In: VII International scientific conference Engineering. Technologies. Education. Security. Proceedings. Volume III Security, Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria 29.05 – 01.06.2019, p. 226.
  3. Minchev, B. General psychology. S. CIELA, 2008, p. 133.
  4. Minchev, B. Psychology. Evolutionary phenomenological approach. S. Ciela Norma AD, 2013, pp. 178 – 180.
  5. Maslow, E. Religions, values and excellence. Plovdiv "Hermes", 2018, p. 17
  6. Andreeva, G. Social psychology. M. MSU, 1980, p. 121
  7. Bityanova, M. Social psychology. M. EXMO-Press, 2001, p. 182.
  8. Dmitriev, Yu. Penitentiary psychology. Rostov on Don, "Phoenix", 2007, p. 221; p. 281 (Dmitriev, Yu., Kazak, B).
  9. Efremova, G. Motivation of lawful behaviour. In: p/r Stolyarenko, A. Encyclopaedia of legal psychology. M. "UNITY-DANA", 2003, p. 54 (Efremova, G., Ratinov, А.).
  10. Pirozhkov, V. Laws of the criminal world of youth (criminal subculture) Tver. Prize, 1998, pp. 123-130.
  11. Pirozhkov, V. Escapes from places of imprisonment.- In: p/r Stolyarenko, A. Encyclopaedia of legal psychology. M., UNITY-DANA, 2003, p. 262.
  12. Shevchenko, A. Legal psychology M. "RIOR: INFRA - M", 2017, p. 119. (Shevchenko, A., Samygin, S).

Article full text

Download PDF