Modeling and simulation of circulating fluidized bed biomass gasifiers in view of Industry 4.0

  • 1 Mechanical Engineering, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey; Bucak Technology Faculty, Burdur Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Burdur, Turkey
  • 2 Bucak Emin Gülmez Vocational School of Technical Sciences, Burdur Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Burdur, Turkey
  • 3 Department of Energy Systems Engineering, Burdur Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Burdur, Turkey
  • 4 Department of Chemical Engineering, Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Pakistan
  • 5 School of Foreign Languages, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey


Cyber-physical systems are structures that are controlled and monitored by computer-based algorithms consisting of physical components. The energy industry is becoming a large and complex cyber physical system with the industrial revolution. These developments in the energy sector have a positive effect on Industry 4.0. Developments in the fields of production, transmission and distribution, retail sales, trade and consumption from the elements of the energy sector are increasing day by day via sensor-based communicable autonomous systems. U.N. Industrial Revolution in its report in 2017 elaborate the relevancy between the Sustainable Development Goals no. 7 and 9 about sustainable energy and inclusive industry development that Industry 4.0 and sustainable energy transition share crucial concerns that can be interconnected to pursue a sustainable energy transition. Sustainable energy is defined to have two main components: energy efficiency and renewable energy. UNIDO’s initial hypothesis tells that a comprehensive shift in manufacturing may change the behavior in energy consumption, including energy efficiency and renewable energy usage. Circulating fluidized bed (CFB) technology is one of the important factors contributing to the above mentioned concept of sustainable energy.



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