Off-grid hybrid PV configuration’s role to supply internet access points antenna in remote areas. Case study: “Ostren i vogël – trebisht” villages, Bulqiza district, Albania

  • 1 Department of Energy, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Polytechnic University of Tirana, Albania
  • 2 Department of Hydraulic & Hydrotechnic, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Polytechnic University of Tirana, Albania
  • 3 Department of Production and Management, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Polytechnic University of Tirana, Albania


As a result of the global pandemic situation COVID-19 many rural areas in Albania are suffering and will more especially the lack of internet services have engaged in development and cultivation of knowledge in the education sector, responsible in building a safer and more caring community. Even more Albania is indexed as a European country that still continue to experience the lowest rate userpenetration of internet especially in remotes areas. Despite its widespread use in urban areas, a very significant portion of the rural population still isn’t connected to the internet. Immigration of the population from rural toward more urbanized areas and lack of reliable electricity supply and infrastructure are the main problems that hinder investors to offer internet services in remote regions. The performance analysis of a solar PV power plant is important aspect as far as concern with technology and economic analysis. Due to seasonal variation standalone system can’t provide a continuous power supply. Therefore, in recent years PV energy systems that combine solar energy and other conventional conversion units are becoming promising more popular, efficient to fulfill load demand and representing a cost-effective technology.



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