Renewable energy sources (RES) will continue to play a key role in the process of deep decarbonisation of the energy sector especially in the power branch. Effects of environmental, economic, social, political and technical factors condition the rapid deployment of various sources of renewable energy-based power generation. In this case study the optional GHG reduction credit per equivalent tonne of CO2 (tCO2) used in conjunction with the net GHG reduction to calculate the annual GHG reduction revenue of a 27MW wind farm located in Qafë-Thanë, Pogradec-Albania is analysed. As the future availability of renewable energy resources is not affected by their use, wind power can address many questions related to sustainability and flexibility of the existing fuel powered technologies. Hence, cutting carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in Albania should be fully in line with the Paris Agreement including power sector especially. The proposed action aims at developing a high-level promotion and market penetration strategy for RES, contributing to the mitigation of GHG in EU as well as in the candidate countries including Albania. Furthermore, special support should be given to candidate countries in creating policies and programmes to facilitate and promote RES technologies.
- IRENA (2020), Reaching zero with renewables: Eliminating CO2 emissions from industry and transport in line with the 1.5oC climate goal, International Renewable Energy Agency, Abu Dhabi
- IEA (2020), Renewables 2020, IEA, Paris https://www.iea.org/reports/renewables-2020
- Malka, Lorenc et al. 2020. “An Approach to the Large- Scale Integration of Wind Energy In Albania.” 10(5): 327–43].
- Malka, Lorenc et al. 2020. “Off-Grid Hybrid PV Plants Used to Supply Autonomuos Internet Base Stations Supporting the Mitigation of GHG in Albania. Case Study : Bulqiza District , Albania.” 178(4): 174–78.
- IEA, “World Energy Investment 2019 Edition,” (2019) and Sawle Y 2017 Review of hybrid renewable energy systems with comparative analysis of off- grid hybrid system Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 81(2) 2217-35 http://dx doi org/10 1016/j rser 2017 06 033
- Wild-scholten, Mariska De. 2013. “Life Cycle Assessment of Photovoltaics Energy Payback Time Mono.” (October)
- Malka, Lorenc et al. 2021. THE FUTURE STRATEGIES OF THE WIND POWER DEVELOPMENT IN ALBANIA: (Case Study: "Qafe Thane", Pogradec, Albania) in process.
- ERE. (2019), Republika e Shqiperise, Gjendja e Sektorit të Energjisë në Shqipëri dhe Veprimtaria e ERE-s Gjatë Vitit 2019.
- Renewable energy market update, IEA, Paris https://www.iea.org/reports/renewable-energy-market-update
- Energy, Renewable, I N Nationally, and Determined Contributions. UNTAPPED POTENTIAL FOR CLIMATE ACTION RENEWABLE ENERGY IN NATIONALLY
- N. U. Blum, R. Sryantoro Wakeling, and T. S. Schmidt, “Rural electrification through village grids - Assessing the cost competitiveness of isolated renewable energy technologies in Indonesia,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 22, pp. 482–496, (2013), doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2013.01.049;
- Weida, Sebastian, Subhash Kumar, and Reinhard Madlener. 2016. “Financial Viability of Grid-Connected Solar PV and Wind Power Systems in Germany.” Energy Procedia 106: 35–45. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2016.12.103.
- [RETScreen. Financial and risk analysis, 2004. Retrieved: July 20, 2015 from URL: http://www.retscreen.net/ang/financial_and_risk_analysis _with_retscreen.php.
- World Bank. 2014. State and Trends of Carbon Pricing 2014. Washington, DC: World Bank.