Synthesis and characterization of nanostructured hematite for wastewater treatment

  • 1 Faculty of Chemistry and Pharmacy, Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski, Sofia, Bulgaria


Removal of heavy metals ions from water sources still represents a challenge and different materials are being developed in order to overcome it. Iron oxide nanomaterials receive a lot of attention because of their small size, high surface area, biocompatibility and low cost. However, most of the reported synthesis methods are multi-step and time-consuming. We investigated the co-precipitation method for the synthesis of nanostructured hematite prepared at different temperatures and different calcination times. The obtained materials were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and infrared spectroscopy. The adsorption capacity for Pb(II) ions was found to be about 6–12 mg of adsorbed Pb(II) per gram of adsorbent.



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