Robotic Applications in Medical Science: Current Advances and Future Prospects

  • 1 National Institute of Endocrinology and Diabetology, Ľubochňa, Slovakia
  • 2 University of Žilina, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Žilina, Slovakia


Over the past four decades, the field of medical robotics has achieved remarkable advancements, revolutionizing various medical disciplines. The widespread adoption of robotic platforms across various medical disciplines has been remarkable. Currently, these devices play a crucial role in performing minimally invasive surgical procedures with enhanced precision, resulting in reduced hospitalization and increased safety for physicians. Beyond surgical applications, medical robots are increasingly proving their worth in performing routine tasks, thereby enabling less invasive and more informative diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Furthermore, the integration of artificial intelligence (AI) holds great promise for developing new systems with higher autonomy levels and improving existing ones. This paper describes a short view on history of the development of robotics from the beginning to the current state along with a brief outline of the future direction of development of medical robotics. At first describes the process of development from the first medical robotic device prototype to the modern minimally invasive surgical devices currently used in medical practice. Then it presents expansion of robotics into other medical fields, including ophthalmology, gastroenterology, cardiology and cardiac surgery, physiotherapy, or radiology. Finally, it describes some perspectives for future development in medical robotics, as well as the obstacles, that need to be overcome to improve the efficiency and level of autonomy, in the systems.



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