Disinfection and dye adsorption efficiency of functionalised nonwoven adsorbent for household textile laundering
- 1 University of Maribor, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Institute for Engineering Materials and Design
The efficiency of an adsorbent has been investigated for the removal of released textile dyes and micro-organisms during household textile laundering. The results show that laundering with the addition of the striped adsorbent and IEC A* detergent reduced the higher log step reduction of Sa (more than 4 log steps) compared to laundering without detergent (2.62 log step reduction), or laundering in a blind bath (1.61 log step reduction). The sorption efficiency of the functionalised nonwoven adsorbent is limited, capable of adsorption of a maximum of 0.1 g/L of reactive dye from the washing bath. Laundering in a bath of 20 °C, with the addition of a striped textile adsorbent or in combination with detergent IEC A*, does not prevent biocontamination of the washing bath and textile load.
- Pakula, C, Stamminger, R.. 2010. Electricity and water consumption for laundry washing by washing machine worldwide. Energy Efficiency, 3 (4), pp. 365-382.
- Horizon 2020: Secure, Clean and Efficient Energy. European Commission. Available from: https://ec.europa.eu/programmes/horizon2020/en/h2020- section/secure-clean-and-efficient-energy.
- Uchiyama, T., Kawauchi, A., DuVal, D.L..1998. Quick identification of polymeric dye transfer inhibitors in laundry detergents by pyrolysis-gas chromatography:mass spectrometry. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 45, pp. 111–119.
- Neral B, et al.. 2014. Optimization of washing parameters BOM TIME- 40-4.5KG: research report. Maribor: University of Maribor, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering.
- Ciabattia,I., Cesarob, F., Farallia, F., Fatarellaa, E., Tognottia, F.. 2009. Demonstration of a treatment system for purification and reuse of laundry wastewater. Desalination, 245, pp. 451–459.
- Greluk, M., Hubicki, Z.. 2011. Efficient removal of Acid Orange 7 dye from water using the strongly basic anion exchange resin Amberlite IRA-958. Desalination, 278, pp. 219–226.
- Ahmad, J., El-Dessouky, H.. 2008. Design of a modified low cost treatment system for the recycling and reuse of laundry waste water. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 52, 7, pp. 973- 978.
- Guilbaud, J., et al.. 2010. Laundry water recycling in ship by direct nanofiltration with tubular membranes. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 55, pp. 148-154.
- Kim, H.C., et al.. 2014. Treating laundry waste water: Cationic polymers for removal of contaminants and decreased fouling in microfiltration. Journal of Membrane Science, 456, pp. 167-174.
- Terechova, E.L., et al.. 2014. Combined chemical coagulation– flocculation/ultraviolet photolysis treatment for anionic surfactants in laundry wastewater. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 2, 4, pp. 2111-2119.
- Ozcan, A., et al.. 2007. Modification of bentonite with a cationic surfactant: An adsorption study of textile dye Reactive Blue 19. Journal of Hazardous Materials ,140, pp. 173–179.
- Schouten, N., et al.. 2007. Selection and evaluation of adsorbents for the removal of anionic surfactants from laundry rinsing water. Water Research, 41, pp. 4233 – 4241.
- Shakir, K., et al.. 2010. Removal of rhodamine B (a basic dye) and thoron (an acidic dye) from dilute aqueous solutions and wastewater simulants by ion flotation. Water Research, 44, pp. 1449– 1461.
- Yilmaz, A.E., et al.. 2011. Waste utilization: The removal of textile dye (Bomaplex Red CR-L) from aqueous solution on sludge waste from electrocoagulation as adsorbent. Desalination, 277, pp. 156- 163.
- Mohan, S.M.. 2014. Use of naturalized coagulants in removing laundry waste surfactant using various unit processes in lab-scale. Journal of Environmental Management, 136, pp. 103-111.
- Vivod, V., Neral, B., Mihelič, A., Kokol, V.. 2018. Highly efficient film-like nanocellulosebased adsorbents for the removal of loose reactive dye during textile laundering. Textile research journal, February 28, 2018, pp. 1-14.
- Kokol, V., et al.. 2018. Zeolite integrated nanocellulose films for removal of loose anionic reactive dye by adsorption vs. filtration mode during textile laundering. Fibers and polymers, 19/7, pp. 1556-1566.
- Bauman, N., Poberžnik, M., Lobnik, A.. 2009.Textile Wastewater Cleaning with O3 and H2O2/O3 Process. Tekstilec, 52, 10-12, pp. 284-305.
- Tušar Novak, N., et al.. 2012. Manganese Functionalized Silicate Nanoparticles as a Fenton-Type Catalyst for Water Purifi cation by Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOP). Available from: wileyonlinelibrary.com. DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201102361.
- Jaska, M.J., Ames, L., Fredell, D. Impact of detergent Systems on Bacterial Survival on Launderded Fabrics, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 1980, vol. 39 (4), p. 743-748.
- Lucassen, R. et al. (2014) The washing machine as a source of microbial contamination of domestic laundry – a case study. Househ Pers Care Today 9, 54–57.
- Bockmühl, D.P., Schages J., Rehberg, L.. Laundry and textile hygiene in healthcare and beyond. Microbial Cell, 2019, 6(7), 299-306.
- Neral, B. Quality of the household ozone laundering. Industria textilæa (2018), 69, 4, 304-309.
- Neral, B.. Textile washing hygiene and the Covid-19 pandemic. Tekstilec, 2021, vol. 64, 1, pp. 7-17.
- SIST EN 60456:2016. Clothes washing machines for household use - Methods for measuring the performance.
- DIN ISO 2267:2016-12. Grenzflächenaktive Stoffe - Darstellung von verschiedenen Wascheinflüssen - Methoden zur Herstellung und Verwendung von fleckenfreiem Baumwollbezugsgewebe (ISO 2267:1986). Surface active agents - Evaluation of certain effects of laundering - Methods of preparation and use of unsoiled cotton control cloth (ISO 2267:1986).
- SIST EN 16616:2015. Chemical disinfectants and antiseptics - Chemical-thermal textile disinfection - Test method and requirements (phase 2, step 2).
- IEC 62958:2015. Clothes washing machines for household use – Method for measuring the microbial contamination reduction.
- Fijan, S. et al. Determining the disinfection of textiles in compressed carbon dioxide using various indicator microbes, Journal of applied microbiology. Mar. 2012, vol. 112, iss. 3, pp. 475-484.
- CIE 15.3, 2004. Colorimetry- Colour of objects. Colour vision. Perception of colour.
- Bauman, W., et al.. 1987. Determination of relative colour strength and residual colour difference by means of reflectance measurements. JSDC, 103, 2, pp. 100-105.
- Golob, V., Tušek, L., Parac-Osterman, Đ.. 1998. Bojadisarska svojstva bifunkcionalnih monofluoro-s-triazinskih reaktivnih bojila. Tekstil, 47, 10, pp. 501-506.
- Forte-Tavčer, P.. Dye - surfactant interactions. Part 2, The study of interactions between anionic dyes and cationic surfactants. Tekstilec, 1998, 41, no. 11/12, pp. 350-356.
- Broadbent, A.D.. Basic Principles Of Textile Coloration. Society of Dyers and Colourists, Thanet Press Ltd, Kent, 2001, pp. 164 – 173.
- Ayalew. H. et al.. Antimicrobial and Dyeing Properties of Reactive Dyes with Thiazolidinon-4-one Nucleus. ISRN Organic Chemistry, Volume 2014, Article ID 894250, pp.8.
- Rajni, S., Astha, J., Shikha, P., Deepti, G.2005. Antimicrobial activity of some natural dyes. Dyes Pigment, 66(2), 99, 102.
- Fatma A.M., Abd El-Megied S.A.. Synthesis, application and antibacterial activity of new reactive dyes based on thiazole moiety. Pigment & Resin Technology, 47/3 (2018) 246–254.