Investigation of the influence of the convergent part of the FSAE vehicle restrictor on the airflow using CFD

  • 1 Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Montenegro, Podgorica, Montenegro


The Formula Student competition is the most challenging, complex, and attractive student engineering competition in the world. Students from universities around the world compete to build better vehicles. The competition consists of several different disciplines, which are divided into two groups. The first group consists of static disciplines, where students who are members of the team defend the vehicle project in front of eminent experts from the world of the automotive industry and auto-moto sports. The second group is the group of dynamic disciplines, which is made up of several disciplines related to the analysis of vehicle behavior in real conditions. One of the main challenges facing the team members is designing the vehicle’s propulsion system. At competitions in the IC engine class, power units from a certain class of motorcycles are most often used. The main limitation related to the power unit is that all intake air must pass through a 20 mm diameter. One of the solutions to the mentioned problem is the use of a convergent-divergent nozzle with a throat diameter of 20 mm. In this paper, the influence of the convergent part of the nozzle on the airflow through the nozzle itself was examined. Models were created for several restrictors and they were tested by CFD simulation in ANSYS Fluent software



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