TRANSPORT TECHNICS. INVESTIGATION OF ELEMENTS. RELIABILITY
In this study, a 3-Dimensional finite element simulation of a braking cycle including braking and cooling steps is presented. In order to induce thermal stresses, thermo-mechanical material behaviour and interactions between pad and discs are considered in the simulation. The results reveal that compressive and tensile stresses are happening in the braking and cooling steps respectively. Cyclic tensile stresses in the disc of heavy trucks would lead to the initiation of superficial radial cracks in them. The occurrence of hot spot phenomenon in the discs are also observed and discussed thoroughly. The proposed model could be utilized to estimate fatigue life of the braking discs in the automobiles and heavy vehicles..