Air cooling influence on the performance and characteristics of turbocharged direct injection gasoline engine
The paper presents numerical analysis of air after turbocharger cooling process and its influences on the gasoline engine operating parameters. Analysis was performed with numerical 0D (zero-dimensional) simulation model by using two sets of simulations – for gasoline turbocharged engine without air cooler and for the same engine with air cooler included. Between engine rotational speeds of 1000 rpm and 5000 rpm, air cooling process increases analyzed engine developed power and engine torque up to 20.67%, increases cylinder maximum pressure up to 17.03%, increases engine volumetric efficiency up to 23.65% and reduces brake specific fuel consumption up to 1.32% when compared with the same engine without air cooler. At the highest engine rotational speeds (between 5000 rpm and 6000 rpm) it was observed that selected air cooler does not offer the required and expected performance, so air cooling process in this engine operating area can and should be improved.