Using Industry 4.0 concept in Slovak chemical industry

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 6 (2021), Issue 3, pg(s) 106-109

    Industry 4.0 has brought about the interconnection of the physical, cyber and socio-economic worlds. Bringing these three worlds together creates a revolutionary approach that is a new trend not only in industry but also in other areas of the economy, thus pushing the economy and business forward. The concept of Industry 4.0 represents the interconnection of digitalisation and automatisation with the use of smart technologies. The main benefit of Industry 4.0 is to produce tailor-made products where lower costs and shorter production efforts are the main values that will attract new customers and thus the profitability of industrial manufacturers will be significan tly affected. Implementing Industry 4.0 in an enterprise will enable efficient use of human and natural resources and raw materials. It will also partially reduce the demands on the environment and create better living conditions for future generations. The intention of the paper was to explain how the Industry 4.0 concept is changing the direction of the Slovak chemical industry. The main objective of the paper was to explicate the Fourth Industrial Revolution in the form of the Industry 4.0 concept in 44 companies operating in the chemical industry in Slovakia on the basis of a knowledge base and a questionnaire survey


    Direct digital manufacturing – the role of cost accounting for online hubs to access industry 4.0

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 6 (2021), Issue 3, pg(s) 102-105

    Additive manufacturing is an established production method to realize Direct Digital Manufacturing in Industry 4.0. Especially for metal components, production requires high investment sums and high levels of know-how in the organisation. To make the advantages of the technology accessible even without high initial investment costs, co-called online hubs became an external and decentralised alternative to additive in-house production. After uploading the geometry to the online portals, material and post processing can be selected. The hub gives the customer a direct pricing response which is one of the main economic indicators for a purchase decision. The present paper focuses on the influence of the order quantity and the complexity of the components on the price algorithm. Therefore, sample parts of varying complexity and sizes are developed and uploaded to analyse data. Based on the in-depth findings of the study, the results are discussed.


    Industrial production in Croatia

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 6 (2021), Issue 2, pg(s) 63-65

    Croatian entrepreneurs recognize the importance of Industry 4.0. for the overall development of the economy. There is an awareness that product digitization can ensure employment growth and modernization of the economy leading to higher financial results. Some Croatian solutions in terms of digital products are already present. Nevertheless, Industry 4.0 in Croatia is still in its infancy, which is an opportunity for Croatian companies, but they are facing strong competition on a global level. There are no consistent data on the level reached by Croatia in terms of smart production, but there is data that Croatia is somewhere in the European Union average in terms of technological renewal of its companies, but in terms of the share of new products it is at the bottom of the European Union. What Croatia is like in terms of total industrial production, employment and productivity in industry, and what is the strategy for achieving greater competitiveness is the topic of this paper.


    Case study application of a strategic complexity management framework for complex industrial systems

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 6 (2021), Issue 2, pg(s) 41-45

    A strategic decision-making tool to generate holistic strategic complexity management strategies for complex engineered systems (SCM) is applied to a real-world case of an industrial manufacturing system at a European health & beauty manufacturer. The case study has the the goal to test and discuss the practical applicability of the SCM framework. As a first step, the SCM basic structure, the applied complexity dimensions in the form of structural, dynamic, and environmental complexity are demonstrated. In a second step, th e framework’s strategic capabilities are theoretically demonstrated based on a set of generic norm strategies. In a third step the results of the SCM appli – cation on the described case is described, results and learnings are identified and discussed. As a final step, a short outlook for further research is provided.


    Conceptual model for assessing the digital maturity of the production system

    Innovations, Vol. 9 (2021), Issue 1, pg(s) 11-14

    The intensity of technology development that we have witnessed in recent years has changed the expectations and attitudes of customers, as well as their understanding of value, and is becoming the new leading factor in the development of the industry. A retrospective of industrial production shows that all stages of change and development that it has gone through are stimulated precisely by the desire to meet the demand, expectations and needs of customers. In this sense, industrial enterprises around the world are clearly aware of the need for change. They should review their current production and sales strategies and focus their attention and efforts on building dynamic production models that will allow them to continue to operate successfully in a highly competitive market environment and changing customer requirements. Digitalization plays a key role in this new scenario in which industrial enterprises must fit in today. Digital technologies and the opportunities they create are the main driving force for the necessary radical change, which companies must rely on in order to increase their efficiency and, respectively, to maintain their competitiveness. This publication presents a conceptual model for assessing the digital maturity of the production system of the industrial enterprise.


    Modeling of аgent-based cyber-physical systems using goal-oriented approach

    Mathematical Modeling, Vol. 4 (2020), Issue 4, pg(s) 106-109

    Cyber-physical systems (CPS) integrate computing, networking and physical dynamics and are characterized by a high degree of heterogeneity and parallelism, with high dimensionality and complexity, including a variety of decision-making capabilities and control logic. Modeling and simulation of cyber-physical systems are considered important stages in the design, development and operation of CPS and their components. The main aim of the paper is to describe and analyze the evolution of agent based approach in the field of CPS and to define the basic requirements to the agent based systems regarding CPS. Based on O-MaSE methodology a software process model for agent based development of CPS is proposed. The approach includes the creation of 10 models reflecting various aspects and functionality of the CPS. The suggested approach is analyzed in terms of meeting the basic requirements for agent-based systems, imposed by the peculiarities of cyber-physical systems and fundamental requirements for their introducing, such as flexibility/changeability, reliability, reconfigurability, adaptability/agility and dependability.


    Industry 4.0 a strategic adaption view; implementation model in an Albanian company

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 5 (2020), Issue 5, pg(s) 239-242

    With time going by, industries have revolutionized, and continuous upgrade has taken place to strengthen its functionality of resources sharing and integration capabilities of functional units. The article aims to identify and suggest industrial models with the country’s potential in adapting Industry 4.0, and conceptual implementation in an Albanian company. The work clears the overall picture of Industry 4.0 in a country with modest adaptation potential, where technologies adapt to the country’s current needs. The study is based in an analysis of the most important indexes to understand the overall approach of adaptation. All the concepts and analysis are finalized with the Industry 4.0 principle and implementation in the Sideral company. The methods presented offer some good proposals for further
    implementation policies in industrial companies


    Implementing Industry 4.0 solution with legacy informational systems

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 5 (2020), Issue 5, pg(s) 235-238

    This paper discusses a case of implementing Industry 4.0 solutions with existing legacy informational system in cement-producing factory. One of the main reasons the company wants to keep its existing ERP solution is because is too complex and cannot be ported to a contemporary computer architecture. The plant also needs to automate and modernize the process of loading their products, but the company management does not want to invest in modern computer servers and a new ERP system. That’s why they decided to implement a hybrid solution – a modern Industry 4.0 IoT devices with .NET client application using the existing legacy DEC Alpha as a server. Here, the required technologies used for developing that software solution are overviewed and all parts of the software solution are described. Finally, the benefits and effectiveness of such a hybrid software solution are shown.


    The introduction of CP Factory production line, ideal technological platform for study and research in the field of automation

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 5 (2020), Issue 5, pg(s) 233-234

    This year we have open a new laboratory of automation and robotics in the Department of Technical Studies at the College of Polytechnics in Jihlava. Our laboratory is equipped with a FESTO CP Factory production line in the biggest configuration in the middle Europe. This system which includes physical components and many virtual tools can be used in education, research and cooperation with industrial companies.


    Combined approach for development of cyber-physical systems based on IEC 61512 and IEC 61499 standards

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 5 (2020), Issue 5, pg(s) 198-201

    The transition to CPS is one of the great challenges of the “Industry 4.0”. The core of cyber-physical systems is an effective control, associated with achievement of a high degree of adaptability, autonomy, functionality, reliability, security and usability. The paper presents a combined approach for development of cyber-physical systems based on the IEC-61512 and IEC-61499 standards represented as partial model of asset administration shell, according the reference architectural model RAMI4.0. The models allow the description of continuous production of finite quantities of materials (batches) from two distinct views – physical and control (cyber). The approach is enhanced in respect to the correctness and reliability achieved, by replacing the semi-formal models with using of Signal Interpreted Petri Nets supporting the verification processes


    RFID technology for the development and competitiveness of an SME in the Croatian metalworking industry

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 5 (2020), Issue 4, pg(s) 190-193

    Today, it is imperative that small and medium enterprises (SMEs), which are the backbone of any economy, make the transition to the Industry 4.0 paradigm and adopt new technologies to improve business and become competitive in the marketplace. Some SMEs in the metalworking industry in Croatia face the challenges of achieving and maintaining a competitive position in the market within the Industry 4.0 paradigm. Due to problems with inadequate enterprise information systems, without the application of innovative technologies, due to obsolete machinery and equipment in production, enterprises cannot compete in a globalized market. Enterprises need to respond quickly to customized and individualized customer requirements and need to be flexible for producing numerous versions of products in small batches. To achieve this, enterprises need to introduce new innovative technologies of Industry 4.0, such as Big Data, Internet of Things, Artificial Intelligence, RFID technology, …
    The objective of this paper is to review RFID technology and propose a conceptual model for the application of RFID technology in a metalworking enterprise in Croatia. That enterprise belongs to the category of SMEs that represent the basis of the economy of each country. The paper describes the problems faced by the company in production monitoring and gives a proposal for the application of RFID technology to monitor the production and to facilitate production management using an ERP system.


    Research industry 4.0 application in Slovak companies

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 5 (2020), Issue 4, pg(s) 181-183

    A survey was carried out at the Technical University in Košice within the project APVV-15-0351 “Development and application of risk management models in terms of technological systems in accordance with the Industry 4.0 strategy” in order to provide companies with relevant information for assessment how managers in Slovak industry perceive the readiness of organizations to implement Industry 4.0, their current situation and the use of deeper knowledge of the environment in the application of elements of Industry 4.0 for the benefit of their further development. The survey was conducted anonymously.