• BUSINESS & “INDUSTRY 4.0”

    CIRCULAR ECONOMY OF FOUNDRY INDUSTRY 4.0

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 5 (2020), Issue 1, pg(s) 45-47

    The use of mathematical models of control processes in foundry such as: K-test and Chemical spectral analysis is a good set of mathematics (thermal conductivity theory) and theoretical physics (first-order phase transition) are important elements for ensuring high quality castings in micro-foundries.
    The idea of estimating the overheating of a liquid metal alloy based on the appearance of a curing process upon filling has been developed. These control processes combined with zone refining are an important opportunity to create a waste-free foundry in a circular economy in Industry 4.0.

  • DOMINANT TECHNOLOGIES IN “INDUSTRY 4.0”

    INDUSTRY 4.0 AND THE DIGITAL TWIN FOR BUILDING INDUSTRY

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 5 (2020), Issue 1, pg(s) 29-32

    Technology and innovations have powered the evolution of Industry4.0, the fourth industrial revolution.
    State-of-the-art technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT), cloud computing (CC), big data analytics (BDA), and artificial intelligence (AI) – all part of Industry4.0, have greatly stimulated the building industry. Digital Тwin is a significant enabler for Industry 4.0 initiatives. Within Industry 4.0, the amount of digital product information generated and collected over the entire lifecycle has been growing.
    Although digital twins have been around for several decades, the rapid rise of the internet of things (IoT) is that they have become more widely considered as a tool of the future. Digital twins are getting attention because they also integrate things like artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) to bring data, algorithms, and context together
    A ―digital twin‖—or digital replica of a physical entity—can target building industry in several sub-areas:
    – Facility management
    – Product Lifecycle Management
    – Smart Buildings
    – Smart energy
    All these areas are one giant step further by creating a Digital Twin — a virtual representation of real-world buildings that can be viewed and scrutinized in minute detail. This research describes business cases and best practices in design of IoT Solutions for building industry, powered by Digital Twins. A reference architecture and prototypes which demonstrate application of Digital Twins in Smart are created as a result of this study .This research is technology agnostic, but prototypes of sample solutions are considered in the context of Microsoft Azure (Azure solutions, covering Azure Digital Twins Service and Azure IoT Stack.)

  • TECHNOLOGICAL BASIS OF “INDUSTRY 4.0”

    RESEARCH CHALLENGES OF INDUSTRY 4.0

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 5 (2020), Issue 1, pg(s) 16-20

    The paper describes the definitions of industry 4.0 and the factors that influence their formation. It describes the areas
    that it affects and which are involved in the formation of a new generation industry. Paper also discusses problems that arise in areas related to industry 4.0 when combining them and possible ways to solve them, especially the organization of the production process. Making a focus on properties of software for industrial devices.

  • TECHNOLOGICAL BASIS OF “INDUSTRY 4.0”

    IEC 61499 BASED CONTROL OF CYBER-PHYSICAL SYSTEMS

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 5 (2020), Issue 1, pg(s) 10-13

    Monitoring and control of Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) have many challenges related to the heterogeneous environment, the high degree of interaction between the components and the high requirements for functionality and scale. The paper presents an analysis of the state of the art in this area and proposes and analyses different combined approaches for control of CPS based on IEC-61499 standard. The approaches are divided in two groups. The first group of approaches combines IEC-61499 standard with advanced methods of software engineering, such as formal methods and model-driven development, based on UML/SysML. The second group uses other standards as IEC- 61512 and PLCopen to be combined with IEC-61499 standard in order to improve the development lifecycle of cyber-physical systems.

  • TECHNOLOGICAL BASIS OF “INDUSTRY 4.0”

    INDUSTRY 4.0 APPLICATIONS IN WET WIPES MACHINES

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 5 (2020), Issue 1, pg(s) 7-9

    Wet wipe machines are machines for high capacity production at high speeds. Even the short downtimes of the machines in the production area lead to huge losses for manufacturers. However, in these machines; unexpected breakdowns such as belt breakage, bearing damage, sensor motor failures, pneumatic air leaks are frequently encountered. In order to prevent unwanted stoppages, a sensor, actuator and plc based application has been implemented to prevent failure parameters and to detect faultlessly by monitoring the operation parameters. As a result of the studies carried out, our wet wipe machines that we produce have been adapted to the industry 4.0 concept.

  • TECHNOLOGICAL BASIS OF “INDUSTRY 4.0”

    DIGITAL INFRASTRUCTURE IN GEORGIA AS A CONDITION FOR SUCCESSFUL APPLICATION INDUSTRY 4.0

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 5 (2020), Issue 1, pg(s) 3-6

    New generation of digitized factories in Industry 4.0 is based on a combination of cyber-physical systems (CPS) and digital technologies, to provide an integrated and intelligent synergy in production process, linking the physical, digital and virtual world. Industry 4.0 uses production systems, CPS, CPPS, SCPS and robots in combination with digital technologies IoS, IoP, IoT, IIoT, IoE, CC and etc. The digital infrastructure of a country can be evaluated using different development indices, such as: IDI, EGDI, TII, OSI and etc. The paper is given of trend analyzes of development indices (DI) for using ICT and the Internet., EGDI and TII in Georgia for the period 2003 to 2018.

  • SOCIETY & ”INDUSTRY 4.0”

    ASPECTS OF SAFETY AND SECURITY IN INDUSTRY 4.0

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 4 (2019), Issue 6, pg(s) 319-321

    Industry 4.0 includes the integration of Safety and Security. Their interconnection (influencing) is assumed. Application of control systems within Safety and Security changes the static principle to dynamic, assumes identification of all production and distribution processes, data mobility as a part of BIG DATA technology and human factor activity while ensuring the functionality of relevant applications. Industry Strategy 4.0 requires a proactive approach in risk analysis, based on the implementation of Safety and Security principles in the development and design phase of machines and complex technologies in the context of the use of CPS principles. It is important that rapid responses to the system’s problems are monitored effectively, with simultaneous exchange of information at individual levels in the production process.

  • BUSINESS & “INDUSTRY 4.0”

    ERP SYSTEMS IN CROATIAN ENTERPRISES AND INDUSTRY 4.0

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 4 (2019), Issue 6, pg(s) 313-316

    Resource planning in manufacturing companies is crucial in the context of Industry 4.0. Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems that enable vertical and horizontal integration between different operational and management levels are essential for monitoring process execution through real-time data access and for making decisions according to these data.
    The implementation of the ERP system is one of the key indicators highlighted by the European Commission (more than 100 indicators) in the Digital Agenda for Europe (A Europe 2020 Initiative), which sets the goals for the growth of the European Union by 2020. It is important to make an analysis of the state of implementation of the ERP systems in the Republic of Croatia. We researched within the metalworking industry in Croatia. Purpose of the research conducted is to determine the state of implementation of ERP systems in metalworking companies and on the compliance of ERP systems with Industry 4.0 and to investigate the opinions of ERP system users on the extent to which the ERP system they use meets the requirements of Industry 4.0.
    The main objective of our paper is twofold: to present the features of modern ERP systems in the Industry 4.0 framework and to present the results of our research.

  • BUSINESS & “INDUSTRY 4.0”

    ARE ACCOUNTING EDUCATORS READY TO EMBRACE THE CHALLENGES OF INDUSTRY 4.0

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 4 (2019), Issue 6, pg(s) 309-312

    Industry 4.0 is changing the structure and scope of accountants’ qualification profile by imposing new challenging requirements regarding their skills and competences. The paper is inspired by the increasing digitalisation of businesses and the impact of technology innovations and their augmented application on the accounting higher education. The aim of the research is to outline and discuss the challenges for accounting educators due to the required knowledge and skills from graduates in the Industry 4.0 context. A special attention is given to the need for building strong and effective communication and information links with the business partners and  professional bodies. The benefits for universities of becoming part of clusters are also discussed in more details.

  • DOMINANT TECHNOLOGIES IN “INDUSTRY 4.0”

    THE ROLE OF SERVICE ROBOTS IN INDUSTRY 4.0- – SMART AUTOMATION OF TRANSPORT

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 4 (2019), Issue 6, pg(s) 290-292

    All production processes in the world are implementing Industry 4.0 by using the basic technologies such as robotics & automation, intelligent sensors, 3D printers, radio frequency identification – RFID, cloud computing, Internet of Things and Internet of Services. Implementation of Industry 4.0 in all production processes is not possible without the use of both industrial and service robots, their development and implementation. In addition, there are other technologies on which the fourth industrial revolution is based that will provide us with intelligent devices, intelligent production processes, intelligent logistics in production processes, i.e. intelligent factories. The Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) in the global environment provide machine networking in production processes and logistics systems. This paper provides an example of the use of service robots and their role in solving smart transport in production processes.

  • TECHNOLOGICAL BASIS OF “INDUSTRY 4.0”

    DESIGN OF NEXT GENERATION MODULAR PRODUCTION SYSTEM IN INDUSTRY 4.0 ENVIRONMENT

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 4 (2019), Issue 6, pg(s) 282-285

    The article deals with current situation of design of production lines in modern factories and describes possibilities of realization new type of industry lines. The main research deals with proposal of modular production system established from intelligent manufacturing cells. Main positive features of suggested structure are possibility of rapid reconfigurability of the production line, easy maintenance and possibility of simple and fast design of new production lines, thanks to modularity. To achieve these features in the Industry 4.0 ecosystem is necessary to use of modern communication methods and technologies, such as wireless industrial communication and IoT together with cooperative robots. Moreover, the entire system has to be designed as hierarchical, demand synchronized, flexible and is using standardized construct components.

  • TECHNOLOGICAL BASIS OF “INDUSTRY 4.0”

    DETERMINATION OF INDUSTRY 4.0 COMPLIANCE CRITERIA FOR BAND SAW MACHINES

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 4 (2019), Issue 6, pg(s) 277-281

    Production starts with supply of raw materials and cutting of this input to the desired dimensions in order to be taken to the production line. Sawing machines used to bring the raw material to the desired dimensions in the industrial manufacturing companies are of great importance and maintain the identity of being the indispensable machine tool of almost all the enterprises’ machine parks. Considering the transition to Industry 4.0 in next 10-15 years, Turkey, which has a significant market share in the production of sawing machines, still needs to be sustainable export to countries like EU Countries and the United States which have the highest level of preparation for Industry 4.0 is directly related to meeting the expectations of these countries. In this study, for both of to raise the level of preparedness and to increase the export potential of Turkey, it is aimed to determine which criteria should be taken as basis in the development of saw machines capable of meeting industry 4.0 requirements. As a result of the evaluation, to meet Industry 4.0 requirements it have been come fore to meet the needs such as adaptation of processing and cutting conditions with barcode data, optimization of cutting conditions by data analysis, remote monitoring and control by communication with desktop and mobile devices, real-time tracking for predictive maintenance and apply maintenance plan in concept of dark factories.