Managing Digital Transformation

    Innovations, Vol. 10 (2024), Issue 2, pg(s) 42-46

    Recent studies indicate that over 80% of organizations have initiated their digital transformation journey, yet only approximately 25% perceive tangible benefits from these endeavors. Delving into the reasons behind these perceptions, it becomes evident that digital transformation lacks practical implementation. This research treats digital transformation as a project, adhering to project management principles. It delineates a pragmatic approach to digital transformation project management, highlighting key considerations at each stage. Furthermore, insights from an interview with Huawei Türkiye’s R&D director, HR business partner leader, and payroll and personal affairs manager shed light on Software as a Service (SaaS) as a pivotal component of contemporary digitalization. SaaS is believed to expedite successful integration, positioning companies favorably against competitors in remarkably short durations.


    Corporate culture and teamwork in the digital era

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 9 (2024), Issue 2, pg(s) 66-70

    The topic of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, the evolution of jobs, and consequently changes in human capital issues is of increasing interest to researchers policy makers, and managers from corporate practice. Corporate culture is a tool for implementing the changes that come with the digital era. Teamwork is part of an adaptive corporate culture that creates the conditions for innovation and technological progress. The present study aims to investigate whether the relationship between Industry 4.0 tools and human resource management in this era (Smart HR 4.0) is mediated by the teamwork climate in the enterprise. The research was conducted by questionnaire survey in 115 industrial enterprises in Slovakia. The respondents were low, middle and top level managers. The PLS-SEM (Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modelling) method was used to test the proposed hypotheses. The hypotheses were statistically tested at α = 0.05 level. The results of the performed analyses were processed using the statistical software SmartPLS 3. The hypothesis of the mediating effect of teamwork in the relationship of Industry 4.0 and SmartHR4.0 was confirmed. Partial mediation was found, with the indirect effect contributing by 32 percent to the total effect. The findings indicate that teamwork is an important mean of support in various innovative management tools, including HR and SmartHR4.0 implementation.


    Industry 4.0 and Multi-tasking machining

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 8 (2023), Issue 6, pg(s) 309-312

    A clear trend of Industry 4.0 and smart manufacturing is to promote the increased use of multi-tasking machine tools. These machines are easily integrated into digital production systems and enable real-time data acquisition, remote monitoring and adaptive cutting processing. The integration of multi-tasking machine tools and digital manufacturing systems will improve the implementation of predictive maintenance, process optimization and production efficiency. Moreover, the development of robotics and AI along with the adoption of Industry 4.0 will increase the market share of these machine tools. The market demand is expected to increase further due to the rise of Industry 4.0. The paper analyzes the main advantages of multi-tasking machining, focusing on the advanced features of multi-tasking machine tools, as well as the latest trend of integrating additive manufacturing processes with CNC machining.


    The impact of the crisis as an accelerator of changes in managerial decision-making on corporate culture in the era of Industry 4.0

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 8 (2023), Issue 4, pg(s) 135-139

    Decision making is a key characteristic of a successful organisation and one of the most important roles of a manager. Decisionmaking plays an important role during times of crisis. Any condition, even a crisis, can be handled by a manager equipped with the appropriate crisis competencies. In the theory of managerial decision-making, the various procedures and tools are explained through normative and descriptive theories, which should form the basis of decision-making even in times of crisis. Uncertainty and complexity are significant predictors of decision-making practices in such conditions. From a normative perspective, the characteristics of decision-making in times of crisis include complexity, political aspect and formalisation. From the perspective of descriptive theories, attention is paid to the psychological aspects of decision making and the influence of behavioural economics on managers’ decision making. The Fourth Industrial Revolution, with its tools, supports decision-making. The creators of this support should try to reinforce the intended rationality of the target user and at the same time avoid introducing “irrationality” into the processes of analysis and decision making. Effective technologies must take into account the complex social and economic nature of decision-making. Related to this is a properly aligned corporate culture as a tool for implementing the changes and innovations needed to cope with the crisis. Changing corporate culture as a quick response to a crisis is, according to many authors, impossible. That is why there is talk of preparedness in the form of gradual introduction of Industry 4.0 tools in order to build a digital corporate culture that can support the introduction of necessary changes in enterprises in times of crisis. The aim of this paper is to examine the impact of the crisis on changes in managerial decision-making in the era of the fourth industrial revolution and to discuss what role corporate culture can play in crisis-induced changes.


    Simulation Modeling for Mass Customization Furniture Production: Investigating Production Volume and Machine Load in scope of Industry 4.0 standard

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 8 (2023), Issue 4, pg(s) 116-122

    The subject of the conducted research and development project was the simulation modeling of solutions for a mass production system of customized furniture. Within the project, a digital twin of the custom furniture production and flexible manufacturing in the FlexSim 3D Simulation Software environment were utilized. The research and development work aimed to investigate the impact of production volume on machine load and the overall system efficiency. The scientific paper presents the methodology of project implementation, as well as the characteristics of input data and the process of producing customized furniture. The functioning logic of the simulation model is also described, along with the outcomes of the solutions for various scenarios. The paper includes the results of computer simulations for individual variants and provides potential recommendations. The project was carried out at Handcraft Sp. z o.o. company.


    Industry 4.0 assembly line using mixed reality and data lake systems.

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 8 (2023), Issue 4, pg(s) 113-115

    This article presents an Industry 4.0 assembly line that employs mixed reality (MR) and data lake systems to optimize the assembly process. MR devices such as HoloLens are used to provide operators with real-time assistance. The data generated by the MR devices is stored in a data lake system, which allows for real-time monitoring of the assembly process. This case study demonstrates the potential for MR and data lake systems to revolutionize traditional manufacturing processes and improve productivity and quality in Industry 4.0.


    Quality management system-ISO 9001 in the context of industry 4.0

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 8 (2023), Issue 3, pg(s) 72-74

    The article will examine the principles, approaches and documented information of the quality management system ISO 9001 in the context of Industry 4.0. will be analyzed the structure, implementation and maintenance of the quality management system in the conditions of Industry 4.0. Recommendations for future change of the version of the standard in the presence of digitization will be made.


    Gastronorm Container Production with Automatic Pressure Compensation System Machine Providing Energy Efficiency with Industry 4.0

    Machines. Technologies. Materials., Vol. 16 (2022), Issue 11, pg(s) 369-372

    With the developing food industry applications, the use of gastronorm containers is also increasing rapidly. It is widely used to transport, cook, preserve and serve gastronorm containers and food products. In line with international standards (EN 631-1, EN 631-2, etc.), the production process becomes more complex as the depth of gastronorm containers increases (from 20 mm to 200 mm / 6 different depths) and the process steps increase. Due to the errors arising from the process stages, there is an increase in the number of rejects, and thus energy efficiency is adversely affected. An automatic pressure balancing system design has been developed in accordance with the workflow in gastronorm container manufacturing with deep drawing technology. Providing the elimination of excess pressure steps and heat treatment needed in deep gastronorm containers (sizes and depths respectively: 1/2 200 mm, 1/3 150 mm, 1/3 200 mm, etc.), as well as the unique design of the integrated deburring machine, a significant innovation with industry 4.0 application has been imparted. Thus, in addition to the increase in product quality, it contributed to reducing unit costs by reducing high waste rates below 5%.


    Human factor in industry 4.0 and the role of inter-generational collabotation

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 7 (2022), Issue 6, pg(s) 251-253

    The objective of the paper is to analyze pros and cons of different generations from the point of view of their readiness to satisfy the required labor skills criteria for the Industry 4.0 workforce and willingness to participate in the process of upcoming transformation. The basic conclusion is that today´s coexistence of different generations should be transformed into an active and efficient collaboration. In many organizations teams consisting of workers belonging to different generations will be working and in these teams older (or even middle-aged ) colleagues should share their professional know-how and practical experience with younger colleagues and younger members  should use their digital capabilities to achieve common objectives of the organization.


    Production engineering curriculum in the context of Industry 4.0 – current state of art and necessary changes in AP of Vojvodina and Republic of Srpska

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 7 (2022), Issue 6, pg(s) 240-243

    Industry 4.0 (I4.0) provides the framework for a new industrial revolution based on digitalization and networking. This production concept is based on the intelligent connection of mechanical engineering, electronics and software. The development of the I4.0 concept has directly contributed to the development of new technologies and business models as well as new ways of working and thinking. The implementation of Industry 4.0 technologies in the education of engineers is a basic prerequisite for the development of the economy and society. For this reason, university education of production engineers must constantly change and adapt to modern production technologies and systems. The widespread application of new technologies in production practise requires a rapid response from the university community, which is reflected in the introduction of innovations in the traditional education of production engineers. The paper analyses the current curriculum of production engineering studies at the Faculty of Technical Sciences in Novi Sad (Republic of Serbia, AP of Vojvodina) and the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Banja Luka (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republic of Srpska) in terms of the requirements and needs of Industry 4.0. Based on the analysis, proposals and guidelines for their innovation were given.


    The impact of digitization on health and safety at work

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 7 (2022), Issue 5, pg(s) 198-200

    The advent of technologies such as artificial intelligence, big data, collaborative robotics, the Internet of Things, algorithms and digital work platforms and at the same time a significant increase in the number of people working remotely brings opportunities as well as new challenges and risks in the field of health and safety. Addressing challenges and risks and maximizing opportunities depend on how technologies are used, managed and regulated in the context of social, political and economic trends [1]. This post describes digitization and its use in the field of safety.


    Methods of artificial intelligence for cyber-physical systems

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 7 (2022), Issue 5, pg(s) 166-169

    Cyber-physical systems (CPS) are the core of the Fourth industrial revolution and the Industry 4.0 initiative. They are facing many challenges, addressing them requires attracting and using new methods and techniques from the field of artificial intelligence and big data to make intelligent decisions and perform effective data analysis. Тhe paper presents an analyze of the current trends and challenges in the development of cyber-physical systems and the ever-increasing interest in the methods and approaches of artificial intelligence and its application in the life cycle phases of design, analysis, implementation and maintenance of CPS. There are two aspects that are the focus of attention and analysis: (1) the computing by intelligence and (2) the computing for intelligence. Finally some ideas for using different methods and approaches of artificial intelligence for achieving interoperability and autonomy of CPS are proposed.