Efficiencies and losses comparison of three steam turbines – from conventional, nuclear and marine power plant
This paper presents an analysis and comparison of three steam turbines and its cylinders: from the conventional steam power plant, from nuclear power plant and from the marine propulsion plant. The best parameters for the comparison of whole turbines and its cylinders are: energy loss per unit of produced mechanical power, exergy destruction per unit of produced mechanical power, energy efficiency and exergy efficiency. Steam turbine from marine propulsion plant shows the worst performance, regardless if observing each cylinder or the whole turbine – it has the highest losses per unit of produced mechanical power and the lowest efficiencies (both energy and exergy). Such results can be explained by a fact that marine steam turbine must be much more dynamic in operation in comparison to other two turbines. Also, marine steam turbine analyzed in this paper did not possess steam reheating between the cylinders as the other two observed steam turbines, what has a dominant impact on the obtained results.