Properties of composites with nanodiamonds of detonation synthesis

    Machines. Technologies. Materials., Vol. 14 (2020), Issue 5, pg(s) 219-221

    Modern metals, alloys and polymers, using in mechanical engineering, now have such high-temperature and strength properties that do not meet the advanced requirements. One of the methods to improve their physico-mechanical properties is the method of hardening by dispersed additives. Nanodiamond (ND) and diamond-carbon -containing material (NDC) of detonation synthesis, having nano-structure and high surface energy, impact structurally on any materials contacting with them. Detonation synthesis is a fundamentally new and productive type of basic technology for producing nanostructures and nanomaterials. ND of detonation synthesis is a unique material that combines the properties of diamonds and the advantages of nanostructures. Industrial development of the given method made it possible to actually reach large-volume production and consumption of ND in a number of industries. The effectiveness application of ND and NDC in industrial lubricants, polishing, composite galvano-chemical coatings, metal and polymer-based composites has been shown.



    Machines. Technologies. Materials., Vol. 11 (2017), Issue 2, pg(s) 91-2

    In this paper we study the structure, phase composition, microhardness, wear resistance boride coatings obtained on metals and alloys at complex saturation with boron and copper in various physical and chemical conditions, namely carrying satiation without application of an external magnetic field (EMF) and in its simultaneous imposition . Studies have shown that the use of EMF when applying boride coatings allows in 1.5 – 2 times reduce the duration of saturation detail and get coatings with high hardness and wear resistance.

    Established that the application EMF on carbon steels formed a continuous, homogeneous boride layer, thickness is 2 times higher than the boriding without EMF. On the diffraction patterns of the surface layers of boride coatings obtained after boriding at application EMF fixed presence phases FeB and Fe2B, the redistribution of the proportion of boride phases, the change of the crystal lattices and the decrease in the volume of the unit lattice phase FeB. When the complex is saturated steel 45 with boron and copper diffusion layer is composed of the phases FeB, Fe2B and Cu. Chemical heat treatment with the simultaneous action of EMF leads to the formation of phases in the diffusion zone FeB and Cu, crack resistance layers obtained after saturation with boron and copper increases to 2.23 MPa · m0,5 compared to 1.12 MPa · m0,5 for boride coatings obtained without action EMF .

    Formation diffuse boride layers under the action EMF improves tribological characteristics and leads to an increase in wear resistance of 2.2 – 2.6 times.