Improving wellbore stability by applying drilling mud with Fe2O3 nanoparticles

    Machines. Technologies. Materials., Vol. 17 (2023), Issue 1, pg(s) 14-17

    Since 90% of all problems related to the wellbore instability occur during drilling through shales, which are mostly consisted of clay minerals, the filtrate from drilling mud penetrate into shale rocks and lead to their destabilization, so the industry is considering the possible application of new types of additives because conventional additives, due to their size, cannot enter in pores of shales, plug them and reduce further filtrate penetration. The oil industry in last few years turns to investigate possible application of nanoparticles because they can enter in small shale pores and plug them, thus increasing the wellbore stability. In this paper the influence of the size (50 nm and between 20 and 30 nm) and concentration (0.5, 1, 3 and 5 wt%) of Fe2O3 nanoparticles on density, rheology, API filtration, and swelling of laboratory prepared pellets in contact with mud without and with nanoparticles was determined. Due to the fact that the rheological properties are significantly increased at higher concentrations, and that smaller particles give better results with an emphasis on increasing the wellbore stability further tests should be carried out with nanoparticles Fe2O3 which size is between 20 and 30 nm in maximum concentration of 1 wt%.


    Drilling mud properties with added egg shell

    Innovations, Vol. 11 (2023), Issue 1, pg(s) 26-29

    The use of biodegradable waste is interesting for many companies from different industries, and in the last few years, more detailed research about its usefulness in the oil and gas industry, specifically as potential additives for the preparation of water-based drilling mud, has begun. Given that this type of research is globally important, there are data on the use of different types of food waste for this purpose, and scientists have mainly researched the biodegradable waste that is generated in larger quantities in a certain part of the world. Among the different types of waste whose effect has been investigated through laboratory measurements of various properties essential for drilling mud, there is also some data on egg shell. In this article, detalied set of data shows how egg shell affects the filtration properties of the drilling mud, the rheological properties, as well as the swelling reduction of the clay component of the rock when it is in contact with drilling mud with added egg shell in its composition.


    Operational characteristics of nanocomposite lubricants

    Machines. Technologies. Materials., Vol. 15 (2021), Issue 8, pg(s) 325-327

    The study of the structure and physicomechanical characteristics of carbon nanostructures, lubricants and cooling liquids was carried out by methods of scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, IR spectroscopy, physicomechanical and physicochemical analysis. Tribotechnical tests were carried out on a friction machine operating according to the “sphere – plane” scheme.The possibility of modifying various liquid media with nanosized carbon particles of various composition, structure, production technology, including those obtained by the method of self-propagating high-temperature synthesis, has been studied. The studies carried out made it possible to establish general trends in the implementation of the synergistic effect in liquid matrices differing in structure, polarity of macromolecules, and molecular weight.


    Decreasing pressure losses by applying drilling mud with nanoparticles

    Machines. Technologies. Materials., Vol. 15 (2021), Issue 8, pg(s) 319-322

    During mud circulation pressure losses occur in all sections of the wellbore: surface pipeline, inside drill string, drill bit and around drill string. The sum of the pressure losses calculated for each section is equal to the total pressure loss in the system, i.e. the pressure that is read on the manometer of the mud pump. The mud flow through annulus (between drill pipes/collars and open hole/casing) causes an increased pressure loss for the certain flow rate which increases the pressure exerted on the wellbore wall, so it is important to manage it. In this paper, the influence of SiO2 nanoparticles on the rheological properties of bentonite mud was examined. After tha t, for a typical wellbore construction and selected mud flow was calculated their influence on pressure losses in the area around drilling pipes and collars. The pressure losses were determined using the Bingham model which provides an easy way to obtain data of acceptable accuracy for the case of application in conventional vertical wells. The results indicate that the addition of SiO2 nanoparticles can reduce the pressure loss during mud circulation, in some cases by more than 50%.

  • Influence of adding SiO2 nanoparticles on rheological and filtration properties of water-based muds

    Innovations, Vol. 7 (2019), Issue 1, pg(s) 43-46

    Drilling mud is a working fluid which consists of a water and different added additives and is used during drilling of wells. By circulating through the wellbore, it ensures continuous cuttings removal, required pressure to stop the influx of reservoir fluid in wellbore, lubrication of drilling tools and maintaining wellbore stability while drilling through various types of formations. Since the well is often drilled through water-soluble rocks, which are mostly consisted of clay minerals, the penetration of the filtrate (water) into such rocks can lead to their destabilization, so the industry is considering the application of new types of additives because conventional additives, due to their size, can not enter in pores of rocks which has very low permeability, plug them and thus reduce further penetration of the filtrate. In recent years, scientists have paid great attention to the testing of nanoparticles (most tests are carried out with SiO2 nanoparticles) for drilling through low permeability rocks. Nanoparticles are particles whose diameters range from 1 to 100 nanometers so they can enter into the pores and create a high-quality mud cake, thereby reducing the filtrate invasion and increasing the wellbore stability. This paper describes a laboratory test carried out with SiO2 nanoparticles which average particle size was 20 and 60 nm added in concentrations of 1 and 3 wt% to water-based muds. Special emphasis was put on rheological and filtration properties. By
    optimizing the concentration and size of the used nanoparticles, the rheological and filtration properties of the used drilling muds were improved.

  • Investigation of rheological and surface properties of poly(lactic)acid polymer / carbon nanofiller nanocomposites and their future applications

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 4 (2019), Issue 1, pg(s) 19-23

    The recent subject of great research challenge and one of the most active area of research for well in materials science include the development of nanofiller reinforced polymer materials for additive manufacturing application. The dispersion of nanofiller in polymer matrix is a critical issue not only for control of processing but also for pre-defined properties. Quantitative analysis of extent of dispersion of nanofiller by measuring the rheological and surface characteristics of polymer nanocomposites has great technical importance for improving processing conditions, as well as for understanding the fundamental characteristics of materials at the nanoscale. The incorporation of nanofiller graphene into polymers is a promising approach to impart certain electrical and magnetic properties, mechanical reinforcement and high thermal conductivity to the resulting material. Rheological and surface properties of the poly(lactic) acid (PLA) based nanocomposites incorporating 0-9 wt.%. graphene nanoplates (GNPs) were investigated in the present work and a new strategy to tune such properties of PLA matrix by varying filler content is proposed.



    Industry 4.0, Vol. 2 (2017), Issue 3, pg(s) 123-126

    A Continuum (filled polymer) is inhomogeneous and anisotropic. The Continuum is used in an injection moulding simulation at first (generally unnewton type of fluid). Then the continuum is solid (after cooling) and it is possible to carry out ordinary dynamics structural analysis with it. The solid continuum has different mechanical properties for each of discrete element. A consequent dynamics properties (natural frequencies) will generally have different values when influence of injection moulding is taken into account for analyses.