• SOCIETY & ”INDUSTRY 4.0”

    ASPECTS OF SAFETY AND SECURITY IN INDUSTRY 4.0

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 4 (2019), Issue 6, pg(s) 319-321

    Industry 4.0 includes the integration of Safety and Security. Their interconnection (influencing) is assumed. Application of control systems within Safety and Security changes the static principle to dynamic, assumes identification of all production and distribution processes, data mobility as a part of BIG DATA technology and human factor activity while ensuring the functionality of relevant applications. Industry Strategy 4.0 requires a proactive approach in risk analysis, based on the implementation of Safety and Security principles in the development and design phase of machines and complex technologies in the context of the use of CPS principles. It is important that rapid responses to the system’s problems are monitored effectively, with simultaneous exchange of information at individual levels in the production process.

  • TRANSPORT TECHNICS. INVESTIGATION OF ELEMENTS. RELIABILITY

    Objectification and determination of hand-arm vibrations

    Trans Motauto World, Vol. 4 (2019), Issue 3, pg(s) 87-90

    The paper is devoted to objectification and determination of the influence of hand-arm vibrations with selected machinery. We permanently meet with vibrations, but especially when performing work activities. When working with machinery, a person is constantly exposed to vibrations and they can very negatively affect the health of the person. The aim of the paper is to compare measured vibration values with the manual of the device and then to determine the maximum time exposure for work activities to avoid the employee being at risk of working with the device. Comparison of a final hand-arm vibration will be assessed by means of the hand-arm exposure calculator and software for a specific measuring device – vibration analyzer of the 4447 type. The proposed method – an extended risk matrix – is used to assess the risks of hand-arm vibration.

  • TECHNOLOGICAL BASIS OF “INDUSTRY 4.0”

    Industry 4.0: Emerging challenges for dependability analysis

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 4 (2019), Issue 5, pg(s) 206-209

    Industry 4.0 brings new challenges for the quantitative methods for the evaluation of system dependability properties such as reliability and safety. In this paper, we recall relevant Industry 4.0 and dependability concepts and provide an overview of available reliability and safety metrics and evaluation methods including event trees, fault trees, reliability block diagrams, and more sophisticated dynamic methods based on Markov chain models. The special focus is on the model-based application of these methods. The paper discusses several common MBSE paradigms, such as UML/SysML, AADL, and Simulink, that can be employed in the context of Industry 4.0 and allow automated generation of the dependability evaluation models. Finally, we discuss how the Industry 4.0 increases system complexity, justify what kind of dependability evaluation methods are required, and what limitations we still need to overcome.

  • Development of uranium mining and uranium processing in the Russian Federation

    Science. Business. Society., Vol. 4 (2019), Issue 3, pg(s) 108-114

    The Russian Federation average about 3000 tons of uranium per year from its own mines. Russian uranium mining companies work in Kazakhstan, Canada and other countries either directly or through companies they purchase. Its businesses export fuel in all parts of the world and are getting more stable on the world market despite the sanctions imposed.

  • Risk management in context of Industry 4.0

    Industry 4.0, Vol. 3 (2018), Issue 6, pg(s) 340-342

    Prevention 4.0 as part of the enterprise’s safety culture is developing HSE management system to address new challenges in prevention. Industry 4.0 anticipates new linkages between technology, man, and management systems to apply the most efficient IT systems to ensure the flexibility of the production process so that its output is a product that takes into consideration customer requirements. These changes include the existence of new types of risk due to the change of the position of man from the classical production centers to the area of superstructure activities, programmer, setter, maintainer, security technician for the digitization of production processes. Risk identification is based on defining the hazards and threats of a complex manufacturing system in the context of Safety and Security – Sa&Se, their formulation so that characteristic parameters can be efficiently digitized within the manufacturing process.

  • The impact of the security situation on tourism in the countries of the former Yugoslavia

    Security & Future, Vol. 2 (2018), Issue 3, pg(s) 111-115

    Safety and security are vital in providing quality in tourism. More than any other economic activity, the success or failure of a tourism destination depends on being able to provide a safe and secure environment for visitors. The presented paper examines the impact of the security situation on the tourism sector in selected countries of the former Yugoslavia. Methods which were used for completing the paper include the literature review, content analysis of documents published by UNWTO, UNDP, WEF and IEP. Case studies for selected countries of the former Yugoslavia are also presented.

  • TRANSPORT. SAFETY AND ECOLOGY. LOGISTICS AND MANAGEMENT

    IMPACT OF TECHNICAL VALIDITY MOTORCYCLE FOR ROAD SAFETY IN THE REPUBLIC OF CROATIA

    Trans Motauto World, Vol. 3 (2018), Issue 4, pg(s) 166-168

    The road traffic safety factor is divided into three basic groups: human, vehicle, road (infrastructure). Technically defective, poorly maintained and technologically obsolete vehicles endanger road safety. The number of technically defective vehicles that are involved in traffic accidents, when checks are carried out by officers of traffic police, is 0.2%. Considering that 21.31% of vehicles are found to be defective by periodical technical inspections of vehicles (PTI), it is expected that the number of technically defective vehicles in daily traffic is considerably higher. By analyzing the data collected by PTI and comparing them with the data obtained during the conducted research “Inspection of the technical safety of vehicles involved in road traffic accidents with fatalities” the real state of the technical condition and safety of vehicles on the roads in the Republic of Croatia is presented here. Two-wheel vehicles (mopeds and motorcycles) represent a particularly risky group.

  • BUSINESS

    INFLUENCE OF THE WORKING ENVIRONMENT ON SAFETY AND HEALTH PROTECTION AT WORK AND PERFORMANCE OF THE EMPLOYEES IN AN OFFICE SPACE

    Science. Business. Society., Vol. 3 (2018), Issue 3, pg(s) 115-121

    Currently, most employers ignore the fact that colors affect the behavior and thinking of employees in the work process. Workers are austere, colors, and they are places where employees only routinely perform tasks. In such an environment, employees can not feel good, do the best they can and work safely. It is important for employers to realize that by creating suitable working conditions they will help their employees to better manage their job tasks. Their performance will improve, they will work safely and significantly help in the development of society. The article deals with experiments that deal with the performance of test people who perform specific activities with different color backgrounds. This section evaluates the measured values and determines which colors affect the lowest performance, which colors are disturbing and cause many mistakes, human workplace problems, which can lead to arguments or even aggression. But also which colors can help achieve the highest efficiency that positively affect staff performance, support thinking and develop creativity, improve relationships and create a comfortable atmosphere.

  • NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL SECURITY

    Ecological and technogenic safety of the ecosystems of the agrarian sector of Ukraine

    Security & Future, Vol. 1 (2017), Issue 2, pg(s) 46-49

    The article substantiates the urgency of the eco-anthropogenic component of national security both of the state as a whole and of its regions. The types of interaction between society and the environment are determined. It is suggested to consider the ecosystem as a complex combination of flora, fauna and dynamics of natural systems and processes, which interacts with social institutions and power structures. The concept of environmental imbalance is formulated as a real threat to the disruption of life support mechanisms and the creation of obstacles to the economic and social development of the country, improving the quality of life of the population. The main threats to the technogenic security of the country are identified.

  • TRANSPORT. SAFETY AND ECOLOGY. LOGISTICS AND MANAGEMENT

    RISKS AND SAFETY ISSUES RELATED TO USE OF ELECTRIC AND HYBRID VEHICLES

    Trans Motauto World, Vol. 2 (2017), Issue 1, pg(s) 37-40

    Nowadays hybrid vehicles take increasing share of new road vehicles, but also the electric vehicles have continuous development which is a sign of a serious beginning of new era of their use. The goals of introducing of these vehicles include lowering of the negative impact on the environment and also reducing of their operational costs. Together with the mentioned trends, there are some specifics related to the risks of using this type of vehicles. This paper gives the key elements related to the development of hybrid and electric vehicles with emphasis of the general distinctions in terms of conventional vehicles with internal combustion engines. The paper has focus on risk identification and hazards that can arise from hybrid and electric vehicles, which are specifically related to their technical differences from conventional vehicles with internal combustion engine. Those risks exist when the vehicles are in use, but also even when the vehicle is not in operation. There is also identification of potential risks for the emergency staff when there is accident with these types of vehicles. The paper also addresses the possible harmful events that can happen later or because of improper repairs of the vehicles. Having in mind that the literature sources are quite moderate and in Republic of Macedonia there is none, the conclusion represent an effort to systemize the available knowledge in order to help vehicle users and professionals to mitigate or lower the recognized risks.

  • BUSINESS

    STRESS IMPACT AT THE WORKING PLACE – COMPARATIVE STUDY FOR BULGARIA, MACEDONIA AND GERMANY

    Science. Business. Society., Vol. 1 (2016), Issue 5, pg(s) 25-29

    The modern society is highly material and financially oriented. Due to this reason, the processes have to be cost-effective with optimizing the expenses. Despite the tendencies of modernization, technological progress and automating proceedings, the role of a person as an “actor” in these processes is irreplaceable. Unfortunately, especially in the countries with highly developed economy, the expenses for staff are really high. The worker’s protection from occupational accidents and professional illnesses, as well as the employees’ efficiency in a long-term plan are connected with consumption resources which for the factories are often quite high. In short-term aspect, the resource-saving in a way of good working conditions is not a decision.

    During the last years, more and more attention is given to a factor that remains at the background of a workplace – the stress. There are many studies about its negative effect on the workers, as that reflects on the whole effectiveness of the companies and the factories. The stress-management and the prevention of the Burnout syndrome are important prerequisites for sustainable economic growth because the performance, creativity, productivity, and competitiveness of every factory depend on the qualified, healthy, motivated and organized employees who work there. The aim of the study is a comparative analysis of the working conditions in Bulgaria, Macedonia and Germany for several branches for which personal indicators as environment, habits, motivation, etc. Are observed. Based on assessment of the workplace stress, conclusions should be drawn for its impact as a factor, threatening the workers’ health.