• NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL SECURITY

    Comparison of the Kazakhstan and the Uzbekistan counter-terrorism and counterradicalization strategies

    Security & Future, Vol. 7 (2023), Issue 2, pg(s) 49-52

    This article compares the measures of two states, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan, competing for the position of regional leader. Elimination of radicalization from the lowest levels of the state is a natural concern of authoritarian governments. Mindful of the threat that religious extremism poses to the stability of authoritarian regimes, they condemn terrorism in all its forms and support the international community’s efforts to fight (Islamist) terrorism together. To ensure stability and national security, the governments of both countries have adopted comprehensive national strategies and action plans to counter radicalization and terrorism. Their common feature is the focus on preventive measures in local communities. However, while Kazakhstan concentrates on addressing the root causes of extremism, a strong emphasis on repressive measures can be identified within the Uzbek strategies. The article examines the limits of cooperation between the leading Central Asian countries as declared in the current legislative acts, highlights how the positions of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan differ and diverge, and the potential to mitigate the risks associated with extremism in Central Asia by strengthening regional cooperation and understanding.

  • THEORETICAL PROBLEMS IN INNOVATIONS

    Industry 4.0 and Innovation

    Innovations, Vol. 10 (2022), Issue 1, pg(s) 3-5

    Explosive changes in technology are having a significant impact on all industries. Robotics, artificial intelligence, cyber physics systems, cloud computing, IoT and blockchain technology, 5G, nanotechnology, 3D printing are all defining elements of Industry 4.0. The integrated use of these methods enables the perception and display of the external environment, which significantly enables improvements in each industry. In the future, we expect a fusion of physical, digital, and biological technologies, which will provide new opportunities for innovative solutions. The authors of the present study present a future study to predict innovative solutions to key global challenges.

  • THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS OF SECURITY

    Correlations between organized crime and terrorismi

    Security & Future, Vol. 4 (2020), Issue 3, pg(s) 83-85

    The activities of terrorist organizations in the international arena provide benefits of access to global financial flows, various criminal markets, offshore financial centers and banks that guarantee fast large cashless transactions, with guarantees of business and banking secrets. This often requires connecting with criminal organizations that specialize in financial and cybercrime, which is why terrorists are often associated with organized crime. The link between organized crime and terrorism is usually functional, when organized crime is put into function (financing and arming) of terrorism. At the same time, the connection can be instrumental, when terrorist groups are involved in organized crime, and vice versa – when criminal groups undertake terrorist activities. Precisely, the focus of the work will be on determining these correlations and their security implications, which we must take into account when creating effective strategies for combating organized crime and terrorism.

  • INNOVATION POLICY AND INNOVATION MANAGEMENT

    The conception “Balanced Scorecard” – tool for strategic management of higher education institutions

    Innovations, Vol. 8 (2020), Issue 1, pg(s) 21-24

    The paper deals with the conception of Balanced Scorecard (BSC) as an innovation strategic management system, which appears to be a superstructure of the Quality Management Systems and provides for the assessment of the basic processes in an organization. The BSC methodology and its relationship with the ISO 9001 requirements is presented and on this basis, an innovation strategy map serving the purposes of a university development has been developed.

  • TECHNOLOGIES

    Research and justification of the possibilities, relevance and correctness of the monitoring and correction of the strategy, diagnosis of the prospects of its further use on industrial enterprises

    Machines. Technologies. Materials., Vol. 13 (2019), Issue 9, pg(s) 400-403

    It is established that the main activities include: exercising control over the rational use of resources; reducing the cost of using and maintaining outdated equipment; increasing of production capacity; upgrading of equipment; improvement of production technology; production of unique products and improvement of their quality; diversification; automation of the production process by eliminating manual labor; reduction of pollutant emissions, search for new sources of raw materials; rational use of working capital and fixed assets. It is noted that marketing directions in the process of monitoring and adjusting the strategy, diagnostics and finding prospects for its further use include a set of actions concerning: exploring new markets for products; use of discount system for goods and services; application of modern pricing methods; product updates; production of new products according to existing orders; new methods of product promotion; improving customer service. The financial directions in the process of monitoring and adjusting the strategy, diagnostics and finding prospects for its further use are determined, they are aimed at providing the process of development and implementation of the IA strategy with sufficient financial resources, correlation of the planned effect with the achieved, estimation of the amount of expenses for carrying out research works, development technologies, their introduction into production, production of new products, its supply, search for consumers. The justified use of financial directions in the process of monitoring and adjusting the strategy, diagnostics and finding prospects for its further use allows to create some methods of protection from risks impact, to improve financial activity of the enterprise, to rise the effectiveness of IA organization, to increase sales volumes.. The factors of influence on the development of innovation strategy and the development of innovation activity of industrial enterprises are suggested.

  • TECHNOLOGIES

    Formation of principles of investment strategy of industrial enterprises

    Machines. Technologies. Materials., Vol. 13 (2019), Issue 9, pg(s) 397-399

    The types of entrepreneurial activity and form of enterprises are investigational. Described business system and her elements. Sequence of executions and in accordance with principles which provide the acceptance of effective administrative decisions aimed at realization of investment strategy of industrial enterprises is offered. Tasks which must be the strategies of industrial enterprise taken into account in the process of choice are certain. The stages of life cycle of industrial enterprises are set from the period of “birth” to the period of “expansion”. Expediency of different forms of strategy of diversification of investment activity of industrial enterprises is reasonable.

  • TECHNOLOGIES

    Improving the classification of strategy of innovative activity of the enterprise

    Machines. Technologies. Materials., Vol. 13 (2019), Issue 7, pg(s) 318-320

    The classifications of innovation strategy of industrial enterprises are investigated: their advantages and disadvantages are determined. Classifications of innovation strategy of industrial enterprises are improved. Classification features, types of strategies of innovation activity of industrial enterprises are characterized. The expediency of using a certain innovation strategy of industrial enterprises is substantiated.

  • THEORETICAL PROBLEMS IN INNOVATIONS

    Modern approaches to the formation of the concept of “Management of innovative activity strategy”

    Innovations, Vol. 7 (2019), Issue 4, pg(s) 121-123

    The essence of the concept “management of the strategy of innovation activity” is explored. The groups of factors of the external and internal environment that influence the management of the strategy of innovative activity of industrial enterprises are distinguished. The necessity of using methods and tools that will reduce or neutralize the factors of the external and internal environment and increase the effectiveness of the strategy of innovative activity of industrial enterprises is substantiated. The author’s definition of the theoretical essence of “management of the strategy of innovation activity” is proposed.

  • Features of the hybrid vehicles work mode control strategy

    Trans Motauto World, Vol. 4 (2019), Issue 2, pg(s) 51-54

    The transmissions of HEVs or so-called hybrid transmissions (HT) are essentially power split transmissions, which almost always require planetary gears to split or sum up power. An essential prerequisite for reading and studying hybrid transmissions is the knowledge of planetary gear function and calculation. For example, the Toyota hybrid system can only be clarified using the principles of the planetary mechanism. In addition to Toyota’s decision, there are two modes of transmission (BMW, Daimler and GM) and many patent applications with similar ideas.
    Technically speaking, these solutions are power split transmissions that turn into a hybrid system by adding an electric motor (EM), an electric generator (EG) and an electric storage battery (SB). These transmissions perform the functions required for vehicles with an internal combustion engine, such as the HEV.
    These functions are launching, torque and speed conversion, reverse gear, and rapid gear-shifts in ascending or descending order. In addition, the requirements for HT are realized with the help of electronic control. For parallel HEV, a conventional gearbox plus EM is used. The automatic transmissions used in the mixed HEVs are designed with planetary gearboxes and are also known as automatic HTs. This article discusses the features of planetary gearboxes used in HEVs transmissions.

  • BUSINESS

    INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISE AND INCREASING ITS POTENTIAL

    Science. Business. Society., Vol. 2 (2017), Issue 1, pg(s) 31-34

    The report is an attempt to classify different factors and their impact on the competitive potential of the company. An attempt to find a link between competitive potential, realization of investment projects and financial potential. Significant impact on the growth of competitive potential has financial potential. In the article examines the theory of the life cycle of industrial enterprises and the possibilities for its use to solve the problems at any time. The report examines the management issues of the innovation potential of industrial enterprise. The main components of the innovation potential as an economic category are investigated and recommendations to evaluate innovation potential are proposed.

  • STRATEGY OF THE COMMERCIAL SIGNAGE

    Machines. Technologies. Materials., Vol. 9 (2015), Issue 5, pg(s) 25-26

    Analyzing subject of this report is the trademark as a individualizing element, image mark and intangible asset for any organization. The author of the publication proves that the management of the trademark is a key aspect in the overall management of modern organizations regardless of the fact that currently it is not a focus of managers. The report suggests separation of an independent functional strategy of trademark management, named as “Strategy of commercial signage”. This strategy creates new opportunities and avoid the clichés of strategies like "red ocean".

  • INNOVATION POLICY AND INNOVATION MANAGEMENT

    INNOVATION POLICIES OF POLISH INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES BASED ON INNOVATION CUBE MODEL. RESEARCH RESULTS

    Innovations, Vol. 5 (2017), Issue 2, pg(s) 64-70

    Many theoretical concepts of studying innovation strategies concentrate on selected aspects and determinants of this phenomenon and dissemble cohesive and wider perspective. In result there is lack of comprehensive researches concerning innovation policies, especially covering long term, repetitive studies based on the same methodology. The main purpose of this article is to assess innovation strategies applied in Polish medium and large industrial enterprises based on three dimensional innovation activity model – innovation cube. Those dimensions are: place of creating, continuity of activity and way of innovation utilization. In result of imposition above criteria these model presents eight different variations of innovation policies. The most common innovation policy utilized in Polish industrial enterprises is individual innovator. This means that innovations were created in continuous manner, based on own resources and for own use. The test sample covered years 2007-2009 and 2012-2014. Surveys were conducted on group of medium and large Polish enterprises belonging to low-, medium- and high-tech industries. Each phase of research was based on the same methodology. From first stage 80 responses were obtained and from the second one 92.