• MECHANIZATION IN AGRICULTURE

    Scientific technologies and their technical support – main factors of efficiency of plant products production

    Mechanization in agriculture & Conserving of the resources, Vol. 66 (2020), Issue 4, pg(s) 118-122

    The modern trends of development of agricultural technologies and their technical support and methodical approach to the formation of an effective technical and technological base of agrarian enterprises. It is established that the main factors influencing the efficiency and environmental friendliness of agricultural production are technologies and technical means for their implementation. In economically developed countries, technological innovations provide 70-90% growth in gross domestic product. The methodical approach to formation of effective technical and technological base of the agricultural enterprises on the basis of innovative technologies and the newest technical means with the technical and operational parameters coordinated with volumes of mechanized works and rational terms of their performance is offered. The main paradigm of the latest technologies for crop production is greening, which is based on the harmonization of the relationship between technology and soils, which will reduce the physical degradation of soils and preserve their fertility. To ensure efficient production of crop products in the agricultural enterprise should be formed technical and technological base on the basis of science-intensive technologies and the latest technical means with technical and operational parameters consistent with the scope of work and rational agro-technical terms of their implementation.

  • CONSERVING OF THE RESOURCES

    Technological and technological support as the main factor of sustainability development of agro-industrial production

    Mechanization in agriculture & Conserving of the resources, Vol. 65 (2019), Issue 3, pg(s) 106-110

    Creation of prerequisites for increasing the efficiency of crop production through the innovation development of the industry on the basis of knowledge-intensive technologies and technology and their compliance with the conditions of conducting agrarian business. Monographic, economic-mathematical, graph-analytical, system engineering. It was established that the main reserve for improving the efficiency of agricultural production is the innovative development of the industry on the basis of resource-saving technologies and technology of the new generation. It is determined that the characteristic feature of the modern period of development of agricultural production is the need to ensure the continuity and rhythm of production processes, their adaptability to changing natural and climatic conditions, increase resource – and energy efficiency due to technical and operational-technological characteristics of the technology, its universalization. Requirements for the development of the material and technical base of the agrarian sector of the Ukrainian economy are determined. The general direction of the development of the technical and technological base of agricultural production should be the creation and production of universal machines equipped with automation tools that are easy to adapt to the specific production conditions and requirements of agrotechnics, and ensure the implementation of technological processes in the established agricultural machinery with the minimum possible costs of energy resources for the production of safe food products.