Advancing Machining Manufacturing: A Comprehensive Evaluation of Finite Element Method Simulation for Cutting Processes

  • 1 Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Faculty of Material Science and technology in Trnava, Slovakia


Modeling and simulating cutting processes play a pivotal role in the advancement of machining manufacturing. This enables machining design technologists to scrutinize and optimize intricate machining processes before their implementation in manufacturing. The Finite Element Method (FEM) emerges as a robust numerical technique widely employed for simulating cutting processes in manufacturing. While FEM proves particularly well-suited for cutting simulation, it is imperative to make judicious choices regarding the FEM method and software for effective implementation in cutting simulations.
The realm of FEM software is diverse, encompassing various analysis options such as mechanical, thermodynamic, and contact analyses. However, the selection of appropriate FEM software is not only contingent upon these analysis options but also influenced by factors like the user interface and the requisite understanding of the physical nature inherent in the modeled cutting process.
In the scope of this study, a simplistic orthogonal cutting model is formulated utilizing the FEM software DEFORM and the FEM software MARC MENTAT. The attained results are meticulously evaluated by comparing them not only in relation to practical applicability but also considering the challenges and intuitiveness associated with the creation of a machining model.



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