Crystal structure, morphology, peculiarities of martensitic transformation and shape memory effect were investigated in Fe-Mn-(Si,Ge) and Fe-Mn-(Si,Sn) as-cast alloys. It was found that regularly substitution of atoms Si with the Ge or Sn in Fe-Mn-Si alloys dramatically change the martensitic transformation behavior that displayed in calorimetry, resistometry and dilatometry curves during the cooling and heating the alloys. Crystal structure changed as well. As a result of alloying by Ge and Sn the substructure of samples became more inhomogeneous, well developed dendritic structure appeared, finally (Mn0.5Fe0.5)3Sn2 phase and hexagonal phase with the structure 63/ have precipitated in Fe-Mn-(Si,Sn) and Fe-Mn-(Si,Ge) respectively. The effect of alloying with Si or Ge on γ→ε temperatures of martensitic transformation, volume effect of transformation, Neel point caused by the influences of alloying components as well as the ferromagnetic phases appearing during as-cast process.
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