Effect of electrode polarity on the properties and wear resistance of 3D titanium alloys under reaction electro-spark treatment with WC and TIB2 – based composition hard alloys

  • 1 ISSAPP”N.Pushkarov” – Agricultural Academy – Sofia, Bulgaria
  • 2 Technical University, Sofia, Bulgaria


This work discusses the properties of 3D titanium alloys with wear-resistant coatings of hard alloy electrodes based on WC-TiB2-B4C and solder mass of Co-Ni-Cr-B-Fe-Si-C, produced by reaction electrospark processing (RESP) at positive and negative polarity. Through profilometric, metallographic, XRD, SEM, EDS and tribological methods, the complex influence of polarity and pulse energy on the topography, composition, properties, and wear characteristics of the coated surfaces was investigated. The differences in the coatings obtained with the two polarities were identified. Coatings with similar roughness and thickness were obtained, which can be changed by changing the modes for RESP within the limits Ra =2.5÷5μm, δ= 8÷40μm, with microhardness 8 to 14 GPa and 2-4 times higher wear resistance than that of the substrate. At RESP with negative polarity and pulse energy up to 0.04 J, the coatings have comparable characteristics and properties to those at positive polarity, but lower roughness, finer structure and lower coefficient of friction. These coatings can be successfully used to reduce roughness and surface defects and improve the wear resistance of 3D titanium alloys. The pulse energy and polarity of RESР, producing coatings with minimum roughness and maximum wear resistance, have been determined.



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