Due to technological particularities of low carbon low alloy API 5L X80 steels producing they have strong texture and its inhomogeneity on plate thickness. Charpy impact tests at ambient and negative temperatures and investigation of texture of samples of API 5L X80 steel were performed. By the method of X-ray structural analysis DPF, IPF and ODF were obtained. Texture components and their volume fraction were determined. It was shown that correlation between volume fractions of main texture components, misoriented grains fraction and DBTT exists. As a result analysis of texture parameters allowed characterization of effect of texture on cold resistance of low carbon low alloy API 5L X80 steel.