In contrast to the melting technologies for the production of high-temperature alloys in the solid-phase technology developed by us, a multi-layer structure of the future composite material is already set at the initial stage of the billet formation. In the work presented, the billets were assembled from Nb- and Mo-foils with one or two-sided coatings of carbon or Si-B. Layered structures of composites were formed during the diffusion welding of packets at 1500°C and a pressure of ~14 MPa. In the place of the coatings, layers of hightemperature carbides or intermetallic Si and B compounds with Nb and Mo formed, which occupied up to ~40% of the cross-sectional area of the composites. The strength and crack resistance at room temperature, strength at a temperature of up to 1500 °C, as well as the modulus of elasticity and density were measured. The presence of intermetallides in the structure of composites leads to a decrease in their density and an increase in the modulus of elasticity.