NATURALLY ASPIRATED GASOLINE ENGINE UPGRADE WITH TURBOCHARGER – NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION OF CHANGE IN OPERATING PARAMETERS
- 1 Faculty of Engineering, University of Rijeka, Croatia
Numerical investigation of naturally aspirated gasoline engine main operating parameters and engine upgrade with a turbocharger is presented in this paper. Analysis is performed by using numerical 0D (zero-dimensional) simulation model. Turbocharging process with a selected turbocharger increases engine maximum torque for 62.58 % and also increases maximum engine effective power for 58.82 %. One of the main reasons of turbocharging process usage is reduction of engine brake specific fuel consumption. The highest decrease in brake specific fuel consumption for a turbocharged engine, in comparison with naturally aspirated one, is obtained at 4000 rpm and amounts 8.83 g/kWh (from 239.01 g/kWh for naturally aspirated engine to 230.18 g/kWh for a turbocharged engine). Turbocharging process brings several useful benefits to the analyzed gasoline engine, which is also a valid conclusion for internal combustion engines in general.