Tribological properties of commercially pure copper and a lowalloyed chromium bronze

  • 1 Ufa State Aviation Technical University, Ufa, Russia
  • 2 National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 3 National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan


In this paper, we present the results of the tribological studies of commercially pure copper (99.9% Cu) and a low-alloyed chromium bronze (Cu-0.5%Cr), contacting a graphite-containing material. The samples under study were produced with two types of microstructures: a coarse-grained (CG) one, having an average grain size of 100-130 μm after annealing, and a submicrocrystalline (SMC) one, having an average grain size of 0.30-0.50 μm after multi-cycle severe plastic deformation (SPD) processing via equal-channel anglar pressing (ECAP) combined with Conform. It is shown that for the samples produced by ECAP-Conform, having an SMC structure, the friction coefficients are 12 – 20% lower than for the as-annealed samples, having a CG structure.



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