Table of Contents


    • Exergy analysis of steam turbine from ultra-supercritical power plant

      pg(s) 98-101

      In this paper is presented an exergy analysis of steam turbine (along with analysis of each cylinder and cylinder part) from ultrasupercritical power plant. Observation of all the cylinders shows that IPC (Intermediate Pressure Cylinder) is the dominant mechanical power producer (it produces mechanical power equal to 394.44 MW), it has the lowest exergy loss and simultaneously the highest exergy efficiency (equal to 95.84%). HPC (High Pressure Cylinder) has a very high exergy efficiency equal to 92.37% what confirms that ultrasupercritical steam process is very beneficial for the HPC (and whole steam turbine) operation. LPC (Low Pressure Cylinder) is a dissymmetrical dual flow cylinder, so both of its parts (left and right part) did not produce the same mechanical power, did not have the same exergy loss, but their exergy efficiency is very similar and in a range of entire LPC exergy efficiency (around 82.5%). Whole observed steam turbine produces mechanical power equal to 928.03 MW, has exergy loss equal to 93.45 MW and has exergy efficiency equal to 90.85%. The exergy efficiency of the whole analyzed steam turbine is much higher in comparison to other steam turbines from various conventional power plants.

    • Dynamic stability of a fluid-immersed, cracked pipe conveying fluid and resting on a Winkler elastic foundation

      pg(s) 102-104

      The dynamic stability of a cracked pipeline resting on a Winkler elastic foundation and immersed in fluid that is moving with a particular velocity is investigated. The Galerkin method is employed to approach numerically the problem. Conclusions are drawn on the influence of the rigidity of the Winkler elastic foundation on the critical flow velocity of the pipe.


    • Investigation of the influence of deformation temperature on the radial shear rolling mill on the microstructure evolution of copper

      pg(s) 105-107

      One of the effective ways to control the properties of copper is to refine its structure to a nano- or ultrafine-grained level, and primarily with the help of severe plastic deformation. At the same time, radial-shear rolling is one of the promising methods for obtaining long-length rods with a gradient ultra-fine-grained structure. It is known from a number of scientific works that one of the main factors influencing the possibility of obtaining an ultrafine-grained structure in various ferrous and non-ferrous metals and alloys is the deformation temperature of these metals and alloys. The aim of the work is to study the influence of the deformation temperature at the radial-shear rolling mill on the microstructure evolution of copper. The following deformation temperatures of copper rods were selected for the planned studies: 20°C, 100°C and 200°C. The conducted studies have shown that the implementation of radial-shear rolling at ambient temperature compared with rolling at temperatures of 100°C and 200°C made it possible to achieve more intensive refinement of the initial structure. And first of all, this is due to the fact that with radial-shear rolling of copper, realized at ambient temperature, there are no dynamic return processes.

    • MAGMA 6.0 – toolkit and capabilities of the latest version Of the MAGMASOFT software package

      pg(s) 108-112

      The possibilities for simulation and optimization of foundry technologies using the latest MAGMA6.0 version of the world-famous software package MAGMASOFT are presented. The capabilities of the software are illustrated both for the quick and efficient construction of the 3D geometric models and for the diagnosis of almost all possible defects in a wide range of casting methods. Special attention is paid to the possibilities for autonomous and automatic optimization of casting technologies in order to reduce defects and increase the profitability of castings.

    • Hazards at the production of titanium alloys in the electric arc furnace

      pg(s) 113-116

      This article describes the metal titanium, its characteristics and properties, and the types of titanium alloys with regard to its microstructure. It also describes the production processes, i.e. the melting and casting processes of titanium alloys. The focus is on the production of titanium alloys by the electric arc process, and possible hazards in the production of titanium in electric arc furnaces are also described. Suitable protective measures to be taken in the event of a particular hazard are also highlighted. Concerning the occurrence of possible accidents in the production of titanium, a calculation is also presented that shows how much needs to be invested in protection against possible accidents while maximising profit. Finally, the application and casting process of titanium alloys in dentistry is presented.

    • Optimization of the distribution of spherical granules at the formation of composite structures

      pg(s) 117-122

      On the basis of separate fractions of granular foam glass and inorganic binders, various modifications of heat-insulating composite material have been developed. A promising opportunity for potential application of the material is the preparation of composite elements and profiles suitable for installation around doors and windows during the construction or reconstruction of buildings. In connection with the study of the possibilities for optimal distribution of the granules, various options for their arrangement have been analyzed and evaluated. The mathematical tools of stereometry and 3D computer modeling were used. Visualizations of the obtained structures are presented and their compactness is evaluated. Recommendations are made for the ratio between the sizes and quantities of the granules used in order to achieve maximum density.


    • Abrasive wear of aluminum alloys produced without and with foaming

      pg(s) 123-128

      A methodology has been developed for obtaining of porous castings from Al and aluminum A356 alloy. The methodology includes introduction of Ca into the melt for viscosity increasing and homogenization by mechanical stirring. This is followed by addition of TiH2, homogenization, subsequent formation of the porous structure and crystallization. Tests were carried out on specimens of the castings involving abrasive wearing under dry friction conditions on a surface with hard-attached abrasive particles.

    • Synthesis and characterization of 2D NbSe2

      pg(s) 129-130

      Two-dimensional van der Waals (vdW) materials possess novel physical properties and promising applications. A wide range of 2D vdW materials having been obtained via the chemical vapor transport (CVT) method. In this work, we develop the controllable growth meyhod of 2H-NbSe2 single crystals via the CVT method. The quality of fabricated crystals was characterized by X-ray diffraction, and electron dispersive spectrometry (EDS) measurements. Crystals of the best quality were successfully grown under selected temperature/time schedule.

    • Studying the composition and properties of white eco-cement

      pg(s) 131-134

      The possibility to produce white Eco-cement with the use of a dry method under low-temperature firing of a raw material mixture based on the CaO – SiO2 – Al2O3 – MgO system is shown. Computer calculations were performed and an analysis of the dependence of the characteristics of cement clinker on the quantitative ratio of raw components was carried out. A new composition of the raw material mixture with a decrease of 19 wt. % amount of the carbonate component and, accordingly, CO2 emissions during combustion was determined. The peculiarities of phase transformations in the material during firing with a maximum temperature of 1100 ᵒС when microtalcum was introduced into the initial mixture with the formation of pericloze, ockermanite and merwinite as a factor in the structure and properties of cement clinker were noted.