Mariculture in the Republic of Croatia has a long tradition involving cultivation of white fish, oil-rich fish and shellfish. It is an interesting fact that in Europe cultivation had started in the territory of the Republic Croatia where it has been maintained until today. As the Republic of Croatia has joined the European Union, it has gained access to numerous opportunities for further development and progress of this activity. The Republic of Croatia has adopted the National Strategic Development Plan of Fishing in compliance with provisions of the Council Regulation (EC) No. 1198/2006 on the European Fisheries Fund whereby strategic and development guidelines for this activity are provided for the period 2014 -2020, in harmony with the Common Fisheries Policy.
The aim and purpose of this work is to analyze the current state of mariculture in the Republic of Croatia and to give a comparative presentation of this activity within the European Union, as well as to estimate prospects for the development and positioning of mariculture of the Republic of Croatia within the European Union member states.