• Development of operational safety of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC) main pipelines, based on the improvement of methodical approaches to the study of the leakage problem

    pg(s) 32-34

    One of the urgent problems of the main oil pipelines is to ensure safe operation of the line part, which is solved primarily by carrying out repair works on the scene of accidents identified as a result of proper monitoring. In order to choose adequate measures for warning about disasters and accidents, it is necessary to create scientific-methodical and relevant technical bases for a quantitative assessment of the risk of their detection. In these conditions, it is impossible to solve the key technical problems of the safe operation of pipelines without the use of methodology and a risk-oriented approach.
    That is why the choice of modern techniques and methods to ensure the safety of main pipelines based on risk analysis, depends on the development of scientifically based methods adapted to the given problem.
    Therefore, the aim of the research is to increase the safety of the operation of Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC) main pipelines, based on improving methodical approaches to the study of accidents on pipelines, in particular leakage.

  • Investigation of the academic entrepreneurship: research design

    pg(s) 29-31

    The paper presents the research design of an international project focused on academic entrepreneurship culture and entrepreneurial education. The entrepreneurship is a key feature of the market economy and the democratic development of the countries, leading to better living standard. However, the entrepreneurial culture, knowledge and skills need to be upgraded in countries, who used to apply a planned economy approach. Thus, an examination of the current state of entrepreneurial culture is required and an approach for its development needs to be provided. The academic environment is the best place, where such an examination can be performed, and proposal can be elaborated. The current paper presents an international project, aiming to explore unrevealed strengths of academic entrepreneurship in detail and in various aspects oriented to students, academic staff, and businesspeople. The paper aims to present the scientific context in which the project is positioned and the research design of the project.

  • A model for reengineering the company’s business processes, based on the Zero approach concept

    pg(s) 25-28

    Based on a comprehensive scientific overview of the concepts of reengineering and the studied good world practices and experience, a not very popular, but carrying great potential for a successful reengineering approach, known as the Zero approach, arouses interest. This comprehensive approach to cost optimization is so important for companies to be able to respond to industry changes and market shocks. The Zero approach can be adapted and used on a wider scale to help companies make structural changes that dramatically reduce costs and improve productivity. This publication presents a concept project for the experimental application of a modified version of the Zero approach, which can be embedded in a broader Zero-Based Redesign (ZBR) concept, and become a practical way for companies to radically reform and restructure their costs as fundamentally redesigning the way processes are carried out. This enables companies to design the ideal state of their key processes that will support the strategy, as well as how they can be executed in the most effective and efficient manner. ZBR helps companies streamline and accelerate processes using a combination of tactics: eliminating the unnecessary, looking for solutions beyond the industry, automating and digitizing activities and data, and reorganizing people and strengthening their abilities and qualifications.

  • Impact of e-commerce on the logistics sector

    pg(s) 365-369

    The introduction of digital technologies into modern life has turned e-commerce into a global industry, having a significant impact on the logistics sector and supply chain management. The Covid-19 pandemic has contributed to the rapid growth of online commerce, creating additional challenges for companies in the logistics sector. The purpose of this report is to examine the trend in the development of e-commerce and its relationship with the logistics sector. The results of a study related to the differences in costs in electronic and traditional commerce are presented.

  • Design, production, and evaluation of product quality for electric vehicle parts

    pg(s) 362-364

    The final products that emerge from innovative production processes for different electric vehicle parts are Aluminum profiles of all designs for applications such as doors, structural and semi-structural parts, etc. The production line of these products is automated, where every work process, is controlled by CNC panels in which they are implemented and programmed with different software. The automation of the production processes tends to improve the quality of the product and tends to optimize the production process to minimize and decrease production waste. This paper presents the production process of different electric vehicle parts and how their quality is evaluated by using PFMEA analysis according to the quality standards. The implementation of quality standards resulted in product quality and enterprise quality management system improvement.

  • Energy optimization of the building through the use of thermal insulation, solar panels, and efficient boiler

    pg(s) 326-329

    This study presents an evaluation of the application of thermal insulation, solar panels, and an efficient boiler in a kinder garden to improve energy efficiency. The main objective of this study is to identify and analyze the benefits of using these technologies in reducing energy losses, increasing clean energy production, and achieving economic benefits. Thermal insulation is used to limit the transfer of heat between the building and the external environment, reducing energy losses for heating and cooling. In our case we have a saving of 7148 kWhr/year. The installation of the solar panel plant for heating sanitary water has brought an annual economic benefit of 102,583 ALL per year, meanwhile the choice of a gas boiler for heating the premises has been more cost effective compared to the use of oil.

  • Field Service Management (FSM) Simulation Model

    pg(s) 321-325

    This work is dedicated to the development of a simulation model of a Field Service Management (FSM) system. Its tasks include modelling the management of the activities of employees of a field service company: maintaining requests, dispatching orders and field workers, monitoring the quality of work performed. The goals of developing a model of a FSM are to increase the speed of customer service, ensure the process of quality control of work performed, reduce transport and time costs, and provide field workers with the necessary information to understand the scope and location of work. All this leads to improved quality of technical support and service and, as a result, customer satisfaction.

  • Bulgaria’s long journey from consumer to producer of energy equipment

    pg(s) 175-177

    The development of energy in our country is one of the good examples, thanks to which it can be claimed that Bulgaria is growing into an industrial country. The study of the stages in this development shows a different attitude towards this industry during the first half of the previous century and then, until the end of the socialist period. Until the middle of the century, energy was extremely underestimated as an area on which the general industrial growth depended, it was neglected financially as a secondary area, for which the differences remained from investments in other directions. A quite natural consequence of this was the weak technical training of the intelligentsia and the inability to develop its own energy production, which led to technological dependence on more developed countries. After the middle of the century, a reversal is noticeable, thanks to which the negative trends are abandoned. There are results that speak for the prioritization of
    energy policy.
    In addition to being singled out as a separate industry, the energy industry also robs the largest capital funds. The leading understanding is that without the development of energy, there would be no development at all. Undoubtedly, Bulgaria’s great achievements in engineering, metallurgy, transport and other industrial sectors would not have been possible without the successful development of the Bulgarian energy industry.

  • Application of Innovation in the Event Tourism in Azerbaijan

    pg(s) 173-174

    The role of event tourism in Azerbaijan is increasing each year slightly by taking place in sports events, festivals, musical competitions, and tourism fairs. Since 2012 when Eurovision Song Contest was held in Baku, Azerbaijan has become one of the event centers in the world. As the number of events held in Baku increases, tourist arrivals also increase slightly. By mentioning event tourism, festivals, seminars, meeting events, and some other events are taken into consideration.
    As different events are held in Azerbaijan every year, there is a huge need for the application of innovative approaches. In this article, different innovation examples, as well as the impact of event tourism have been researched

  • Web-based Business Process Management System

    pg(s) 169-172

    The report presents a developed Web-based information system for managing business processes. The system includes system design and development, database design and development, and Web interface design. A special encryption algorithm was used to generate the key. The main purpose is to provide protection, both at the system’s entrance and during data transfer and storage. For the web platform, the main protections are 1) Control of access to the system by filling in a username and password, individual for each external user; 2) Ensuring protection of input data by irreversible hashing of the password with a randomly generated key from the system; 3) Using resource protection i.e. without authorization it is not possible to review and change the information in the database 4) Using of special unique
    identifiers to access the database information; 5) Using a token to send requests to the API.

  • The impact of the crisis as an accelerator of changes in managerial decision-making on corporate culture in the era of Industry 4.0

    pg(s) 135-139

    Decision making is a key characteristic of a successful organisation and one of the most important roles of a manager. Decisionmaking plays an important role during times of crisis. Any condition, even a crisis, can be handled by a manager equipped with the appropriate crisis competencies. In the theory of managerial decision-making, the various procedures and tools are explained through normative and descriptive theories, which should form the basis of decision-making even in times of crisis. Uncertainty and complexity are significant predictors of decision-making practices in such conditions. From a normative perspective, the characteristics of decision-making in times of crisis include complexity, political aspect and formalisation. From the perspective of descriptive theories, attention is paid to the psychological aspects of decision making and the influence of behavioural economics on managers’ decision making. The Fourth Industrial Revolution, with its tools, supports decision-making. The creators of this support should try to reinforce the intended rationality of the target user and at the same time avoid introducing “irrationality” into the processes of analysis and decision making. Effective technologies must take into account the complex social and economic nature of decision-making. Related to this is a properly aligned corporate culture as a tool for implementing the changes and innovations needed to cope with the crisis. Changing corporate culture as a quick response to a crisis is, according to many authors, impossible. That is why there is talk of preparedness in the form of gradual introduction of Industry 4.0 tools in order to build a digital corporate culture that can support the introduction of necessary changes in enterprises in times of crisis. The aim of this paper is to examine the impact of the crisis on changes in managerial decision-making in the era of the fourth industrial revolution and to discuss what role corporate culture can play in crisis-induced changes.

  • Preventing potential hazards in the development of machinery

    pg(s) 89-92

    The article focuses on the definition of industrial business risks that are associated with risk management. Following the description of the risks, the article then focuses on the elimination of the hazard or the reduction of each of the two criteria that determine the risk in question, such as the severity of the damage caused by the hazard and the likelihood that the damage will occur, separately or simultaneously, are two ways to achieve the purpose of risk reduction. The article is highly relevant to the implementation and development of technical systems and equipment.