• Future Employment Distribution

    pg(s) 155-157

    The objective of the paper is to outline a job distribution in EU in a long run. There is an attempt to point out the main drivers in EU labour market and their possible outcomes. There is a structural and geographical point of point of view. An attempt to depict the labour market in 10 years is made.

  • Forms of synergetic interaction between Industry 4.0 and regional tourism in the post-war reconstruction of Ukraine

    pg(s) 151-154

    In the context of large-scale and diverse forms of international assistance for the post-war reconstruction of Ukraine, it is necessary to identify and offer foreign partners a format to support tourism in our country, especially inbound one. A possible proposal is to develop an international program to encourage foreign tourists to come to Ukraine on special tours, which will be partially funded by donor countries. Combining domestic tourist flows with foreign flows of this type is possible through tourist events, especially festivals. In this format, the festival will have significant synergetic potential, as it will be a point of unification of tourist flows in time and space. The experience of international kite festivals as a special form of event tourism is researched. It allowed to summarize certain features of festivals as tourist events. Certain aspects and features proved the complexity of such phenomena as a tourist event, festival event, the complexity of their preparation and conduct, active interaction with socio-economic processes in the territory.

  • Mapping floods risk for the implementation of an efficient management of natural disasters in Romania and Republic of Moldova

    pg(s) 147-150

    Technological development must be used to support and facilitate the society safety and evolution. Hazard maps, created based on innovative computer software, have the purpose to prevent and reduce material damages, injuries and deaths. The present paper approaches the design and realization of hazard maps with the purpose of reducing the cross-border gaps between Romania and Republic of Moldova on flood vulnerability. The results conclude on prevention measures in case of emergency situations and regional planning at European Union East border for the increase of society safety.

  • Possibilities for application of sediment microbial fuel cells as biosensors for monitoring of recurrent water pollution with copper

    pg(s) 114-117

    Sediment microbial fuel cells (SMFCs) are special microbial fuel cells in which the anode is placed in the anaerobic sediment and the cathode is immersed in the surface layer of water. Natural electroactive bacteria decompose organic compounds in sediment, producing electrons and protons. The electrons reach the cathode through an external electrical circuit, while the protons pa ss through the soil layer, which acts as a kind of membrane. Oxygen is in many cases the preferred electron acceptor due to i ts presence in the cathode region and its high potential. Heavy metal ions and other compounds can also be reduced on the cathode, which will increase the energy generated. Based on the above characteristics, SMFCs would be suitable for application as biosensors and would be suitable for monitoring recurrent water pollution with heavy metals. In the present study, the possibility of application of SMFCs as biosensors for recurrent water pollution with copper has been studied. A high correlation was found between the concentration of copper ions and the voltage generated by SMFC, as the coefficient of determination reached 0.9921.

  • A Shift in a Skill Set

    pg(s) 111-113

    The objective of the paper is to outline a future skill set in EU. To try to make a projection of structure of necessary skills on EU and member states level. Trends and challenges are embedded. Skills life span is collaborated as well. Perspectives of different sources are compared.

  • Social media behaviours of Gen Z women in the context of social Customer Relationship Management

    pg(s) 105-110

    Building relationships with Generation Z on social media is becoming a challenge for present-day enterprises. Generation Z has a huge purchasing power, and will be the largest customer base by 2030. The aim of the paper is to identify social media behaviours of Gen Z females in the context of social CRM. The study of social media behaviours of Generation Z is part of wider research conducted by the authors among students in Poland and Great Britain in 2020/2021. The study used survey as the method and CATI as the surveying technique. For data analysis, measures of descriptive statistics were used. In both the countries, women most often used Facebook, YouTub e and Instagram. Out of the benefits of using social media accounts, the following ones were rated highest by female Gen Zers in Poland: swift communication, opportunity to find and follow friends, sharing information with friends and opportunity to acquire information about products/services of a given company, whereas in the case of females in Great Britain, the following benefits were rated highest: swift communication, following the Internet trends and sharing information with friends. The majority of the surveyed women in Grea t Britain and in Poland often or almost always search for social media accounts of a specific company before using its service / purchasing its product. Polish women would preferably communicate with a company via Messenger, chat with a consultant and fan page, whereas British women would do so via e-mail, Messenger and chat with a consultant. The results of the research conducted in Poland and Great Britain in 2020/2021 did not show clearly whether female Gen Zers could be described as loyal customers. The respondents in Great Britain defended a company’s reputation on social media more often than the respondents in Poland.

  • Energy audit analysis in private residential apartment in Tirana city

    pg(s) 79-82

    Recently, Albania as a developing country is focusing on the energy efficiency in residential and industry sector. Residential sector has very high contribution energy consumption in Albania due to many construction buildings without energy efficiency standards implementation. Most of the contribute city is Tirana where energy consumption in residential sector is very high in comparison to the other cities in Albania. Our research work will be focused on analysis of the energy audit on a private residence apartment which is located in the area of Tirana. The purpose of this paper is based on the relevant standards and norms to give appropriate recommendations for the implementation of energy efficiency which would increase the energy performance of this building.

  • Integrated CRM system for Bulgarian agricultural sector

    pg(s) 76-78

    Agriculture is a sector in Bulgaria that contributes significantly the GDP. In the past 20 years steady trends for increasing the arable land, while the number of agricultural holdings decreases. The enlargement of the size of the agricultural holdings is strongly associated with the need for implementation of the advances of information and communication technologies, Industry 4.0 and artificial intelligence. The present paper presents the development of an integrated Customer Relationship Management (CRM) system for agricultural applications. The developed CRM system implements the following functions: customer data management, management of contracts for clients, management of agricultural land, management of processing costs, production revenue management. For the development of the presented integrated CRM system, the needs of the agricultural producers and the work with their clients have been studied in detail.

  • The evolution of albedo values of the Earth-atmosphere system under the influence of carbon dioxide pollutant concentrations

    pg(s) 36-41

    The current state of the unique atmosphere-Earth system is influenced both by the composition of constituent gases in the atmosphere and by the accumulation of polluting gases as a result of human anthropogenic activity. A number of scientific forums have found empirically that the anthropogenic accumulation of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere leads to a further increase in the average temperature of the atmosphere due to of the increasing of the green-house effect. The processes of photosynthesis consume amounts of carbon dioxide with the subsequent restoration of the necessary oxygen in the atmosphere. At the current stage, the situation is characterized by a decrease in the amount of oxygen in the atmosphere due to of its great consumption for the burning of fuels used in various industrial fields. The result of the burning of fuels leads to excessive accumulation of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. The deforestation processes of the terrestrial surfaces decrease the global process of photosynthesis and respectively the amount of oxygen decreases. Deforestation has another negative effect on the ecosystem in general, such as increasing the albedo values of the Earth’s surface. Ocean water also has albedo values that increase over time due to of the accumulation of carbon dioxide absorbed by ocean water. The albedo values are described by an empirical expression suggested in this study. This empirical expression is based on the heat calorimetric method which includes the amount of solar energy together with the energy supplement accumulated in the atmosphere due to of the anthropogenic activity as well as the thermal emission model of the Earth’s “absolutely black body”. as the result of the increase of the atmospheric temperature due to of the accumulation of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, the albedo values are calculated over time and their subsequent increase is ascertained. Finally, knowing the albedo values, the values of the effective temperature of the Earth’s surface are calculated which decreases over time. The linear decrease of the thermal emission energy is demonstrated depending on Earth’s albedo values. It is shown that the degree of darkness (dimming) of Earth depends on more and higher values of the infrared wavelength of the emitted thermal energy.

  • Does Tourism 4.0 answers the needs of baby-boomers?

    pg(s) 33-35

    New technologies have lately decisively entered our personal lives as well as penetrated our businesses, including tourism. Our paper discusses the role of technology in transformation of traditional high-touch services, co-created by tourism personnel, into high-tech services performed by tourists themselves in ‘do-it-your-self” (DIY) way. The participant-observation research method has been applied to present the problem. The results point out certain types of services that are becoming hardly available to tourists without adequate digital equipment and certain technical competence. DIY type of services can be particularly challenging to the ‘silver’ tourists of the baby-boom cohort who are typically not as digitally competent as is younger travelling generation. The findings open serious questioning over general ability of tourists to physically, psychologically and culturally follow the pace of such technological change.

  • Examination of the category of digitalisation of public services in the Digital Economy and Society Index among the Eastern Enlargement of EU

    pg(s) 30-32

    The European Commission pays particular attention to the digital development of the economy and society. The Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI) has been an essential tool for measurement and monitoring since 2014. In 2021, the cardinal indicators of the DESI index were aligned with the 2030 Digital Compass targets, which have four key areas: digitally skilled population; secure and sustainable digital infrastructures; the digital transformation of businesses, and digitalisation of public services. In the present study, the authors examined the development of digital public services over the past five years, using σ-convergence to measure differences between the Member States and β-convergence to examine how countries could catch up. The individual indicators under the digital public service category have also been analysed to identify critical areas that need to be developed in the future for the digital public service to catch up with the leading Member States. The areas most needing improvement were user-centricity, transparency, and cyber security.

  • Smart sustainable city

    pg(s) 201-203

    Cities today are highly endangered by the global urbanization trends and the sustainability issues that they may bring. With the increasing environmental awareness and the development of technology, there is an urgent need to rethink how we plan and manage our cities. With the advancements in technology, we are entering the era of smart cities where information and communication technologies are used to collect large amount of data to transform city economies, social cohesion and city governance. This paper explains the concept of the smart city and its characteristics which can be used to solve the sustainability problems that the city may face. Following the introduction, the paper continues by presenting six main characteristics of smart cities and their role in sustainability. The chapter then proceeds to a description of a smart sustainable city model that derives from merging three main city models related to sustainability and smartness, namely the eco-city, compact city and data driven city. Finally, the application of smart city technologies that are being used to achieve sustainability in some randomly chosen cities is presented and discussed.