The article is devoted to the study of the investment capacity of Ukrainian families – potential investors – to pay for educational and related (related to living abroad) services for children who seek to study at foreign universities. An indicator of investment educational ability is offered, which allows comparing the opportunities of Ukrainian individuals to cover foreign student expenses at the expense of wages. The calculations of the proposed indicator for the leading universities of Austria, Bulgaria, Greece, Germany, Poland, Romania, the Czech Republic and Ukraine are carried out. The research is carried out according to the proposed by the authors indicator of the comparison of annual expenses of students during the bachelor’s studies in a foreign university with the average annual salary of Ukrainian individuals. For entrants, first of all Ukrainian, this indicator will allow to orientate in the ratio of annual expenses and annual income.. For university leaders the proposed indicator can allow comparisons of the competitiveness of their higher education institutions, taking into account the solvency of Ukrainian consumers of educational services. For business and local governments in Central and Eastern Europe, this indicator can be useful in assessing the competitiveness of their territories in terms of attracting student youth. Student youth as well as local residents act as consumers of goods and services promote the development of local business and thus can be a source of filling local budgets. The article is a continuation of the publication of comparative studies on this topic.
Journal section: SOCIETY & ”INDUSTRY 4.0”
The Fourth Industrial Revolution implies a total change in our way of life. To be adequate to the new security threats stemming from high technology, we need to analyze and evaluate them from the point of view of people’s security.
With the development of Cloud technologies we finally have the tools and the solutions needed to start planning and executing an efficient urban transportation. The paper presents concepts and ideas toward Smart City intelligent transportation and traffic, namely agent-based traffic management systems and vehicular Cloud computing. It discusses their main characteristics, architecture and provides examples where such technologies are already implemented. Lastly, it outlines some challenges that arise from the application of Cloud computing and the change of the city into a Smart City.
The potential of knowledge formed as a result of the implementation of major fundamental scientific research and research developments of applied nature, creates a basis for the implementation of applied research and development work under contracts with enterprises and organizations and production of high technology products.
This paper is the endeavor to present the concept of Industrie 4.0 in terms of its governance prerequisites. On the one hand, there is a need to boost the innovation and productivity of the enterprises. On the other one, the technological changes are expected to respect not only economic, but also social and ecological security of citizens. The analysis drawn in the paper is based on the economic consequences of disruptive technological changes especially in their features concerning the need of governance in the light of the dilemma between the imperative of business effectiveness maximization and the necessity of social security.
Web services are application components that can be linked together for creating new functionality. As such, they support industry environments by binding together inhabitant services with distributed on demand services for implementing the business strategies. However, web services are operating in dynamic environments and an important issue during the composition process is change management either at the local or at the web, in general. Therefore, service changes together with other nondeterministic behaviours must be efficiently propagated to ensure the validity and consistency of the enterprise plans. Simulations are effective tools for enhancing factory competitiveness. Simulating the operation of a developed composite service for verifying the developed product could be a solution to this problem. The results of the simulation will allow to predict and react to such behaviours before applying the developed service in real production. As such, this paper describes and compares the existing service simulators that could be used in smart industry environments in terms of their functionality. Based on this review, the identification of gaps in performing simulation of service composition in industrial environments is presented, and challenges to be met on the field are outlined.
ANALYSIS OF THE TYPES OF EUROPEAN LEGAL ENTITIES IN BENEFIT OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND RATIONAL INNOVATIVE INVESTMENT PROCESS FOR INTERNATIONAL ENERGY, TRANSPORT AND INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS’ DEVELOPMENT AND THEIR PRACTICAL IMPLEMENTATIONpg(s) 50-53
The high level of investment for the international energy, transport and infrastructure projects, in almost all cases need of a multi-source approach of financing is necessary, having the European funds as a main component. Each such project must be undoubtable innovative and in accordance with the safety and environmental European requirements. The Legal Entity (LE) is a key factor, acting for coordination of the management and for legal responsibility during the all phases of the project. Choose of the most appropriate type of LE for realisation of such project has very high priority in the whole investment process. In favour of this the report presents the main types of European Legal Entities with their advantages, disadvantages, tax issues, intellectual property rights (IPR), etc.
The state administration is a part of every government and it is responsible for the implementation of certain administrative, legal and regulatory functions. An effective functioning of the state administration eases the functioning of the citizens and the business and therefore the processing in it is approached as a business process. There are certain similarities and respective differences between a business and an administrative process. In this paper an introduction into the problem is made.
The main features of the radiation environment in the surrounding environment are presented. Over the last 5 years no values other than the natural ones have been observed, with the lowest values in Veliko Tarnovo. The main characteristics of the radiation in operation in nuclear power plants and the major accidents resulting from the operation of the NPP in the development of humanity are shown. Radiation as a result of the uranium mining and uranium processing industry in Bulgaria is also under consideration. It also shows the actions of radiation as a result of other people’s activities.
SOCIAL ASPECTS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE CONCEPT "INDUSTRY 4:0": RISKS AND PROSPECTS FOR THE TRANSFORMATION OF HUMAN RESOURCESpg(s) 302-306
The formation and development of the concept "Industry 4: 0" is associated with significant changes in the structure and characteristics of human resources. It concerns the problems of the new structure of employment, the transformation of the educational system, the deepening of regional disparities. At the same time, the actions developed within the concept, including various programs, don’t pay due attention to possible social risks and measures to reduce them.
Nowadays the world is surviving the fourth industrial revolution named Industry 4.0, which combines physical world of real things with their “virtual twins”. The man with his intellect, creativity and will lies beyond this ideology. Now the image of a new paradigm of Industry 5.0 could be seen. It involves the penetration of Artificial Intelligence in man’s common life, their “cooperation” with the aim of enhancing the man capacity and the return of the man at the “Centre of the Universe”. The paper outlines modern technologies – from IoT up to emergent intelligence, being developed in organizations where authors work. The convergence of these technologies, according to our minds, will provide the transformation from Industry 4.0 to Industry 5.0.
This study discusses the structure of Turkish National Innovation System (NIS) and challenges faced in the last decade in the context of the digital transformation. As a developing country and a member of G-20, how these challenges of Turkish NIS are mitigated and further be dealt with. It comprises lessons and provides cases for various similar NISs. In order to evaluate and provide policy recommendations for accelerating the transformation of Turkish economy, it benefits from systems approach as a basic academic framework. It is found that Turkey faces four key structural challenges calling for urgent response for their targets of 2023 (hundredth year of the Republic), namely productivity, growth, employment and investment. Implementing a relatively simple rule compatible with the peculiarities of the system and focusing on the diversity of policy mix, the study proposes ways to mitigate these structural challenges towards digital transformation.