• Analysis of Human Development Index (HDI) in Georgia with Local Regions

    pg(s) 42-47

    The human development index (HDI) is a statistical composite index for assessing the human development (HD) of a country or region of the world. For 2021, HDI was analyzed for 191 countries of the world (HDR report that was published in 2022). The maximum value of HDI=0.962 was the country of Switzerland, and the minimum value of HDI=0.3385 was the country of South Sudan. The mean value of HDI for all countries of the world in 2021 was AM=0.732. The paper contains an analysis of data of the human development index (HDI) in Georgia with local regions for the period 2000-2021. Based on the HDI index, Georgia was ranked in the Q2 quartile for the period 2000-2021, with CGI=114.25 [%] per year in 2021 compared to 2000 and average annual growth rate (AAGR)=0.74 [%]. The capital Tbilisi had the highest values of the SHDI index in Georgia for the period 2000-2021, so for the regions Adjara, Imereti Racha-Lochkhumi Kv, etc., while the region Mtskheta-Mtianeti has the lowest values of the SHDI index.

  • Limitation and Regulation of Access to Information to Achieve Information Security in the Interaction of National Security Systems in Crisis Situations Related to Cyber Security and Cyber Defence

    pg(s) 39-41

    Achieving information security in the organization is related to the implementation of certain standard security procedures. The set of methods and tools for information security and communication and information systems (CIS) are the tools for implementing these procedures. The subject of the research is the subsystem for limiting and regulating access to information and communication and information systems, which is necessary for the analysis and simulation modelling of the interaction of national security systems in crisis situations related to cybersecurity and cyber defence.

  • Knowledge Sharing Education System

    pg(s) 35-38

    The main goal of the system is for the students enrolled in it to receive additional exercises to help them learn material in various disciplines. In this way, they will have the opportunity for better preparation and will get better results in the discipline s that are taught to them. Through the knowledge sharing system, advanced students who wish to share their knowledge of a subject will be able to register an exercise to lead on days that are convenient for them. This exercise takes place in a system -specified free room at a school/university. Each student has the opportunity to sign up for a given exercise. When recording, the exercise leader can monitor how many student s will attend. The system is managed through administrator accounts. Through them, the events in the system are trac ked, and if necessary, the cold and exercise data can be added, changed and deleted.

  • Design and construction based on climate scenarios and regional climate models

    pg(s) 427-430

    The application of old climate data in the design of buildings and transport infrastructure that will be used in the future is problematic because of climate change. On the other hand, it is currently unknown what the success of human actions to limit them will be. This leads to some uncertainty about the exact parameters of the climate until the year 2100. This requires a new approach to design and construction in the context of climate change. The article examines the impact of RCP (Representative Concentration Pathway) climate scenarios and regional climate models based on them, on design and construction for energy efficiency and sustainability. The significance of different RCP scenarios and the need for spatiotemporal scaling of climate data are discussed. The disadvantages of using a static representative climatic year (as it is in the Bulgarian regulatory documents for energy efficiency) are analyzed compared to its dynamic and adaptive variant.

  • Energy policy in the service of the climate – status and trends

    pg(s) 423-426

    Despite the efforts of the world community to limit global warming by reducing the greenhouse gas emissions emitted by societies, studies show that the levels continue to rise, and this hides a number of consequences for people’s lives. The European Union, with its 8% share of generated global emissions, is not among the leaders in emitting harmful greenhouse gases, but it is among the leaders in pursuing a systematic and strict policy of climate neutrality. A European Climate Act for a green transition was introduced in 2021, setting a binding target for EU countries of net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, with an intermediate target of 55% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels. The purpose of this report is to follow the policy of the Union, the state and trends in the field of energy from renewable sources and energy efficiency and the participation of Bulgaria in the progress towards achieving the set goals.

  • Challenges to the analysis of available data on crisis events and their effects on transport infrastructure under climate change

    pg(s) 419-422

    The article focuses on issues related to the assessment and interpretation of existing data on crisis events in the context of transport infrastructure. In the face of global climate change, analyzing these data becomes increasingly complex and requires in-depth consideration. The main challenges the paper addresses include the lack of comprehensive and up-to-date data, limited opportunities to analyze causal relationships between climate events and their impact on transport infrastructure, and shortcomings in existing analysis methodologies. The authors call for the development of new, more efficient methods of data collection and analysis that can serve as a basis for future strategic decisions.

  • The role of the green transition in ensuring societal security in Bulgaria

    pg(s) 378-380

    The Green Transition, aiming for a sustainable and eco-friendly future, plays a crucial role in ensuring societal security. As the world grapples with climate change and environmental degradation, the Green Transition offers a pathway to address these challenges while fostering societal cohesion and resilience. In Bulgaria, the Green Transition is not just an environmental endeavor but also a means to counter disinformation narratives and foreign authoritarian influence. This paper examines Bulgaria’s efforts in the Green Transition, its implications for societal security, and the challenges and opportunities it presents.

  • Analysis of available climate data reflecting the impact of climate change on the road infrastructure in Bulgaria

    pg(s) 374-377

    The article presents an in-depth analysis of the data related to the assessment of the impact of climate change on the road infrastructure in Bulgaria. It is necessary to systematically collect, store, and analyze territorial data on the dynamics of changes in various climatic factors such as temperature, snow cover, precipitation, winds, etc. The article examines the main sources of such information in Bulgaria, their limitations, and shortcomings. Identifying the needs and weaknesses in finding usable data is an important step on the way to building a strategy to solve this task.

  • Climate change and its impact on long-term sustainability of the road infrastructure in Bulgaria

    pg(s) 370-373

    Climate changes are having an increasingly strong impact on the sustainability and safety of the road infrastructure in Bulgaria. This paper analyzes how changes in climatic conditions over the last three decades affect the condition and functioning of the road network. The aim is to identify critical factors and propose methodological guidelines for design and maintenance that include adaptive strategies to address climate risks. The work emphasizes the need for a complex multidisciplinary approach combining scientific research, strategic planning, and practical implementation.

  • International collaboration: benefits and contributions for scientific work

    pg(s) 338-339

    Erasmus+ Programme is a European education and mobility initiative that provides exchange opportunities for students, PhD students, teachers and staff between different universities and educational institutions in Europe. Through the Erasmus program, students have the opportunity to enrich their knowledge and gain deeper knowledge in a field that interests them. In addition, they have the opportunity to spend a period of their education in another country where they can become familiar with a new culture, language and educational system.

  • The National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy for the Transport Sector in Bulgaria – Review of Data Collection Procedures, Emergency Situations, Institutional Capacity

    pg(s) 334-337

    The National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy for the “Transport” sector until 2030 was developed in the period 2017 – 2019. After 4 years in the conditions of several overlapping crises, the recommendations contained in the document on main adaptation measures relating to institutional capacity building have not started. This is observed against the background of activity from a number of countries that are looking for models to assess the sensitivity of the transport infrastructure to climate events and, from there, measures to achieve sustainability and adaptability in the medium term. The article analyzes the problems of backwardness in Bulgaria and offers recommendations for increasing the participation of all interested participants in the transport sector.

  • The National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy for the Transport Sector in Bulgaria – Review of Design Norms and Maintenance Standards

    pg(s) 330-333

    The National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy (NCCAS) for the “Transport” sector until 2030 was developed in the period 2017 – 2019. After 4 years in the context of several overlapping crises, the recommendations contained in the main adaptation measures document have largely not been implemented even in the initial phase. Those recommending the review and updating of legislation regarding adaptation to climate change were not subject to optimization. The article analyzes the problem of lagging behind in Bulgaria in relation to supplementing the standards and presents ideas for methodological approaches through which adaptation measures can be implemented in the design and maintenance of the road infrastructure.