• Comparative assessment and development perspectives of the efficiency of transport routes of the “South-west” direction

    pg(s) 89-91

    In the article, the “South-West” international transport corridor was studied, the economic expediency of the main and alternative transport routes (including those passing through the territory of the Republic of Armenia (RA) for cargo transportation in the direction of “Asia-Iran-Europe” was evaluated, the possibilities of RA participation in the “New Silk Road” international transport program were considered.

  • The Possibility of Using Event Data Recorder in the Traffic Accidents Analysis in Republic of Croatia

    pg(s) 85-88

    Event Data Recorder is a specialized device that is installed in the airbag module of vehicle and is used to monitor vehicle movements in traffic accidents. Access to the data from the Event Data Recorder device is possible only through authorized and certified equipment, which enables the technical and legal credibility of the collected data. Directive EU 2019/2144 of the European Parliament and Council defined that all new type-approvals vehicles after 6 July 2022 must be equipped with an Event Data Recorder device. Accordingly, recently in the Republic of Croatia, data from Event Data Recorder devices have been used more and more often for the purpose of analyzing traffic accidents. Accordingly, this paper will present the possibilities of analyzing traffic accidents using the Event Data Recorder device and the methods by which it is possible to access said data.

  • An experimental study of lane change distance in obstacle avoidance maneuver

    pg(s) 80-84

    The obstacle avoidance maneuver was the subject of many researches. Most of the models for calculation of distance necessary to perform the avoidance maneuver were based on theoretical researches, that took into account a large number of simplifications. In order to analyse the influence of different drivers and vehicles on a maneuver, an experimental research study of lane change was carried out at the test track which enables repeatability in the same conditions. Based on those researches it was established the empirical model for calculation of evasive maneuver distance. This model can be used for traffic accidents reconstruction, but also in the development concept of modern “intelligent” vehicles.

  • The impact of tehnological changes on the future of work in transportation

    pg(s) 76-79

    Transport plays an important role in the economic and social development of each country. It also has a major impact on growth and employment. Today, transport faces great uncertainties and problems that will continue to have a strong and unpredictable impact on transport services and transport jobs in the future. Transport jobs are about to change in the coming period – on the one hand due to the development of technology, but also due to other factors, such as the rapid evolution in the organization of work and the nature of labour relations. It is the responsibility of all stakeholders in transport to prepare for these changes – to manage it, minimize its costs and maximize its benefits. The paper presents sets of measures that stakeholders in transport could apply to prepare for upcoming changes.

  • Risky behaviour of electric scooter users in Novi Sad

    pg(s) 73-75

    The usage of electric scooters (e-scooters) has experienced a real expansion in the territory of the Republic of Serbia in recent years. These vehicles represent an easy and simple way of transportation in city conditions, especially on shorter distances. The lack of legislative frameworks for this type of vehicle is the main problem in Serbia. That is why e-scooters are used according to the wishes and needs of users, which very often leads to unsafe situations. Research that includes the risky behaviors of e-scooters users is presented within this paper. The research of e-scooter users was conducted in the area of Novi Sad. The speeds of these vehicles at the selected locations were also measured during research.

  • New temptations in the auto world in post-covid era

    pg(s) 57-58

    Misfortunes bring people together. Wars, the Covid pandemic, pollution of the environment in which we live. According to a report from “Lancet”, nine million people die from pollution every year. The number of deaths from air pollution and chemical pollution has increased by 60% over the past two decades. Climate change took its toll in 2022 as well (floods, fires, earthquakes, drought and heat, melting glaciers). Uncontrolled urbanization and population growth are also causes. The number of people killed and injured in traffic accidents has also increased. It doesn’t have to be driven faster than life.
    The war in Ukraine has been going on for a long time. The Russian auto industry will develop without Western partners (“Lada” model). Several of the largest German car manufacturers have decided to padlock their plants in Russia.
    During September 2022, a rally was held in Serbia through four cities, Aranđelovac, Topola, Mladenovac and Belgrade. About 50 timeless vehicles visited these cities. There is also a small museum in Arandjelovac where the oldest car is a “Dodge” from 1924, a “Willys” from 1927, a “Chevrolet” from 1928, a “Pontiac” from 1929 and a “Mercedes” from 1934. Passing the Law on Old-timers will contribute to the preservation and increase of this cultural treasure, and it will make registration and acquisition easier for the owners.
    In the new 2023. year, representatives of the Independent Trade Union of the “Fiat Chrysler Cars” factory (FCA) in Kragujevac announced on January 9th that they expect preparations for the start of electric vehicle production to continue with greater intensity in the new year. At the same time, the well-known “Tesla” company was fined about 2.2 million dollars, because it did not inform its customers of electric vehicles about the shorter driving range of their electric vehicles at low temperatures. The American electric vehicle maker’s coldweather driving range drops up to 50.5% compared to how they are advertised online (no mention of range loss in sub-zero temperatures).

  • Analysis of pedestrian road safety in the Republic of Croatia

    pg(s) 53-56

    Pedestrians are a special category of road traffic participants. The special feature of pedestrian traffic is that it is accessible to everyone, regardless of age or knowledge of traffic. Pedestrians do not usually wear protective clothing and have a low and vulnerable position on the road compared to other road users. In road accidents involving pedestrians, 96% of those involved were injured due to inadequate pedestrian protection. Pedestrians are responsible for about 20% of all road traffic fatalities, although the proportion of road accidents involving pedestrians is only 4%. This shows that pedestrians are an extremely vulnerable group of participants. Therefore, this paper presents an analysis of all traffic accidents involving pedestrians in a five-year period in the Republic of Croatia. It is analysed in which locations and for what reasons traffic accidents occur in which pedestrians suffer fatal consequences. The analysis is conducted so that the micro-locations where pedestrian accidents occur can be further investigated.

  • Different aspects influencing modal split, from view of sustainable development and reducing of greenhouse gas emissions

    pg(s) 49-52

    This paper focuses on actual knowledge of the effects of changes in infrastructure on modal split of different transport modes, as well as on knowledge of long-term evolution of modal split in areas with dynamic development of transport systems. Further it focuses on studies on relations between modal split and greenhouse emissions and on studies on social factors influencing travel behaviour. Important part of this article are summarisations of articles about changes of travel behaviour of inhabitants of locations, where was opened new transport infrastructure, with focus on new infrastructure intended for public transport.

  • Assessment of the risk of adverse events in aviation accidents

    pg(s) 47-48

    The probability of flying safely in an adverse event situation is related to the probability of being hit and surviving it. Assessing the hazard of adverse events is an important task in aviation accident prevention. The correct quantitative determination of the potential danger of an event allows timely and targeted development of preventive measures: the introduction of new or improvement of old technology, training in actions under certain conditions, etc.

  • Tools for calculating the emission of pollutants in transport

    pg(s) 43-46

    Increasing the volume of transport requirements increases the consumption of propellants and emissions of pollutants. Calculation and monitoring of pollutant emissions and energy consumption with the aim of reducing the negative impact on the environment and thus choosing the best transport route and means of transport for a particular transport task is a step towards a solution that can be applied to reduce emissions. The development of software tools for calculating energy consumption and pollutant emissions is conditioned by the precision of the defined methodology used for the calculation. This paper presents the possibilities of using tools for calculating pollutant emissions in transport.

  • Forecasting the occurrence of risks and the dynamics of their development in navigation

    pg(s) 21-24

    Analysis of claims incoming over the past years and the industry data on losses in supply chains allows to identify the most common risks and pay attention to the necessary measures to protect cargo during transportation.
    Sometimes it is difficult to establish the relationships between a specific event and business, then logisticians use a probabilistic approach.
    They predict how events can develop in the future. Each outcome is calculated and assessed as a separate risk.

  • Cordon counting in the territory of the city of Bitola

    pg(s) 18-20

    The collection and analysis of transport data is of great importance for traffic engineers, who use that data to perceive existing problems and offer solutions. Depending on the type of data and the meaning available, there are different methods and equipment. Data collection can be done on sections, intersections, entire cities, hourly, daily, weekly, monthly and annually. For the city of Bitola, data collection was carried out for cars, buses and heavy goods vehicles in the peak hour according to the directions of movement, i.e. cordon counting, by setting up checkpoints with personnel on those roads that intersect with the cordon line. In this case, the vehicles in transit are important to us and we grouped them into two groups, cargo transit and individual traffic.